ISBN-10:
141297013X
ISBN-13:
9781412970136
Pub. Date:
10/20/2010
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice / Edition 1

Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice / Edition 1

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Overview

Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice is an innovative, fascinating treatment of some of the seminal theories in criminology and key policies in criminal justice, offering a detailed and nuanced picture of these core ideas. With a fluid, accessible, and lively writing style, this brief text is organized around major theories, ideas, and movements that mark a turning point in the field, and concludes with a discussion of the future of criminology and criminal justice. Readers will learn about the most salient criminological and criminal justice research and understand its influence on theory and policy. They will also understand the surrounding socio-political conditions from which the ideas sprang and the style and manner in which they weredisseminated , both of which helped these scholarly contributions become cornerstones in the fields of criminology and criminal justice.

 

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781412970136
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 10/20/2010
Pages: 208
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Travis C. Pratt received his degrees from Clark College, Washington State University (BA, Political Science; MA, Criminal Justice), and the University of Cincinnati (Ph D, Criminal Justice). He has served on the faculty of the School of Criminal Justice at Rutgers University-Newark, was the Director of the Program in Criminal Justice at Washington State University, and a Professor the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Arizona State University. He is currently a Fellow with the University of Cincinnati Corrections Institute.

His research and publications focus primarily on structural and integrated theories of crime and delinquency (including macro-level, multilevel, and individual-level approaches to the study of criminal/deviant behavior) and correctional policy (both institutional and community corrections). He has published over 100 articles that have appeared in the leading peer-reviewed journals in the field, including: Crime and Justice: A Review of Research; Criminology; Journal of Youth and Adolescence; Journal of Pediatrics; Journal of Quantitative Criminology; Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency; and, Justice Quarterly. He received the 2006 Ruth Shonle Cavan Outstanding Young Scholar Award from the American Society of Criminology for his research and scholarship.

Jacinta M. Gau, Ph.D., is an associate professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Central Florida. She received her doctorate from Washington State University in 2008. Her primary areas of research are policing and criminal justice policy, and she has a strong quantitative background. Dr. Gau’s work has appeared in journals such as Justice Quarterly, British Journal of Criminology, Criminal Justice and Behavior, Crime & Delinquency, Criminology & Public Policy, Police Quarterly, Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, and the Journal of Criminal Justice Education. In addition to Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice, she is author of Criminal Justice Policy: Origins and Effectiveness (Oxford University Press) and co-author of Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice (SAGE Publications). Additionally, she co-edits Race and Justice: An International Journal, published by SAGE.

Travis W. Franklin earned his Ph.D. in criminal justice from Washington State University in 2008 and is currently an assistant professor in the College of Criminal Justice at Sam Houston State University. His research interests focus on the effects of race and ethnicity on the processing of offenders through criminal courts, violence in correctional institutions, the causes and correlates of fear of crime, and biological predictors of crime and delinquency. His recent work has appeared in Criminal Justice and Behavior, Journal of Criminal Justice, Feminist Criminology, and Social Justice Research.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Key Idea: Rational Offending and Rational Punishment
The Social Context of Criminal Punishment
Beccaria’s Proposal
Why it Caught On
Influence: The Rise of the Classical School of Criminology
Empirical Analyses and Critiques of Free Will, Rationality, and Deterrence
3. Key Idea: The Science of Criminal Behavior
The Social Context: A Time Without Criminology
The Road to Lombroso
Lombroso and the Body of the Criminal
The Dissemination of Lombroso’s Theories
Criticisms of Lombroso’s Theories
Lombroso’s Influence
4. Key Idea: Understanding Crime and Society
The Social Context of the Early Twentieth Century
Social Disorganization and Anomie/Strain Theories
Rejecting Individualism
The Legacy of Anomie/Strain and Social Disorganization Theories
5. Key Idea: Hirschi’s Social Bond/Social Control Theory
The Social Context of the 1960s
Social Bond/Social Control Theory
The Marketing of Social Bond/Social Control Theory
The Legacy of Social Bond/Social Control Theory
6. Key Idea: Rehabilitation is Dead
The Martinson Report
Social Context
Getting the Word Out
The Influence of the Martinson Report
7. Key Idea: Crime Control Through Selective Incapacitation
The Context: Criminology, Criminal Justice Policy, and Society in the 1970s
James Q. Wilson’s Thinking About Crime
Why it Caught on
Selective Incapacitation’s Effect on Criminal Justice and Criminology: Empirical Tests, Empirical Critiques, and Ethical Dilemmas
8. Key Idea: The Police Can Control Crime
The Context of Criminology and Policing
Broken Windows Theory: Revamping the Police Role
How Broken Windows Theory Reached its Audience
The Influence of Broken Windows Theory
Empirical Tests and Critiques of Broken Windows Theory and Policing
9. Key Idea: The War on Drugs
Winning the War is Easy — Just Say No!
The 1980s in Context
The Magic in “Just Say No”
The Impact of “Just Say No”
10. Key Idea: Rehabilitation—Not Dead Yet
The Principles of Risk, Need, and Responsivity
Social Context
Disseminating the Principles of Effective Rehabilitation
The Impact of Meta-Analysis and the Principles of Effective Rehabilitation
11. Key Idea: Crime and the Life Course
The Criminological Context of the Early 1990s
Life Course Theories in Criminology
Constructing Testable Theories
Life Course Theory Catches On
12. Looking Back, Looking Forward: Conclusions
Looking Back: The Glaring Omissions?
The Legitimate Contenders
Looking Forward: The Future of Criminology and Criminal Justice

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