Karl Marx: Philosophy and Revolution

Karl Marx: Philosophy and Revolution

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Karl Marx (1818-1883)-philosopher, historian, sociologist, economist, current affairs journalist, and editor-was one of the most influential and revolutionary thinkers of modern history, but he is rarely thought of as a Jewish thinker, and his Jewish background is either overlooked or misrepresented. Here, distinguished scholar Shlomo Avineri argues that Marx's Jewish origins did leave a significant impression on his work. Marx was born in Trier, then part of Prussia, and his family had enjoyed equal rights and emancipation under earlier French control of the area. But then its annexation to Prussia deprived the Jewish population of its equal rights. These developments led to the reluctant conversion of Marx's father, and similar tribulations radicalized many young intellectuals of that time who came from a Jewish background.

Avineri puts Marx's Jewish background in its proper and balanced perspective, and traces Marx's intellectual development in light of the historical, intellectual, and political contexts in which he lived.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781630154561
Publisher: Tantor Media, Inc.
Publication date: 08/06/2019
Edition description: Unabridged
Sales rank: 612,142
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 5.30(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Shlomo Avineri is professor emeritus of political science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. A leading Israeli political scientist, he is the author of The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx and The Making of Modern Zionism.

Roger Clark is a professional actor and voice-over artist who lives in New York City. He has performed in over forty-five countries.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

1 Jew? Of Jewish Origin? A Converted Jew? 1

A Daughter's Testimony

Paradise Lost

The Father: Tribulations of a Jewish Advocate

Beginnings: From Law Student to Philosophical Radical

2 Transcending Hegel 18

Eduard Gans and the Young Hegelians

The Rheinische Zeitung and the Beginnings of Social Critique

A Hegelian Retrospective

The Proletariat-The New Universal Class

Religion and Opium

3 "Zur Judenfrage" 41

Support for Jewish Emancipation and Critique of Judaism

Another Defense of Jewish Emancipation

4 Paris and Brussels: Formative Years 55

Homo Faber and Alienation: The Foundations of Philosophical Anthropology

Visions of Communism

Against One-Dimensional Materialism

Toward The Communist Manifesto

5 The Communist Manifesto and the Revolutions of 1848 84

Historical Analysis and Revolutionary Program

The Ten Regulations: A Program for Revolutionary Transformation

1848 and the Neue Rheinische Zeitung

6 London: From Abject Penury to Middle-Class Existence 101

Private Travails and Public Setbacks

Rethinking the Revolution

Shifting Views on Nationalism

On India and the "Asiatic Mode of Production"

7 The First International and Das Kapital 122

Between Family Concerns and Lassalle

On Political Economy

The International Workingmen's Association

Das Kapital, Volume 1

Darwin-and Promoting Das Kapital

8 The Paris Commune and the Gotha Program: Debacle and Hope 149

"The Most Vilified Man in London"

A Nascent Social Democrat?

An Incongruous Encounter: Marx and Graetz

9 Toward the Sunset 174

On Russia: Against Historical Inevitability

The Last Years

A Historical Perspective: Impact and Legacy 186

Epilogue: Distant Echoes? 194

A Note on Sources and Further Reading 199

Acknowledgments 203

Index 205

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