James and Bradley

James and Bradley

by Timothy L. S. Sprigge, Timothy L. Sprigge

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Overview

Despite their enduring importance, the theoretical systems of James and Bradley are often badly misunderstood. Professor Sprigge freshly expounds and clarifies their arguments, demonstrating that it is wrong to think of James's pragmatism and Bradley's monistic idealism as opposite extremes. Their positions in fact display an intriguing mixture of affinities and contrasts.

Professor Sprigge begins with a critical account of the theory behind James's notorious claim that the true is nothing more than the expedient.

He defends James against many unsound criticisms, but concludes that pragmatism's account of truth is incomplete. James's evolving metaphysical enquiries, from The Principles of Psychology through his later radical empiricist phase, his opposition to absolute idealism, and his religious motivation are all carefully elucidated. After outlining Bradley's metaphysical system, Sprigge scrutinizes Bradley's use of 'The Absolute', critically evaluates Russell's criticisms of Bradley, compares Bradley's phenomenology with Husserl's, and considers Bradley's view of the displacement of Christian morality by Darwinism.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780812692273
Publisher: Open Court Publishing Company
Publication date: 11/01/1993
Pages: 648
Sales rank: 814,798
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.43(d)
Lexile: 1530L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Prefacexiii
Introduction1
Part 1William James on Truth and Reality7
1.The Pragmatic Conception of Truth9
1.James's Schocking Statement9
2.James and Tarskian T-sentences11
3.Confrontation between James and G. E. Moore14
4.Where There Is Prima Facie Clash between the Pragmatic Conception of Truth and the Equivalence Requirement and Where There Is Not17
5.The Will to Believe20
6.Selective Interest, the Hallmark of Mind according to The Principles of Psychology24
7.Intentionality and Royce25
8.Against the Copy Theory, Or, Concepts Are Only Intelligible Insofar as They Have an Experiential Cash Value, and This Holds in the Case of the Concept of Truth as Much as of Any Other34
9.No Truth without Thinking: No Need to Think of an Unthought Truth Lurking over Reality40
10.Ideas May Help Bring About Their Own Truth Conditions41
11.There Is Nothing but Experience44
12.Does Pragmatism Deny that There Is a Way Things Really Are?47
13.Formulation of the Pragmatic Theory of Truth50
2.The Metaphysics of The Principles of Psychology67
1.Relation between Brain and Mind69
2.Characteristics of the Stream of Thought or Consciousness76
1Every thought tends to be part of a personal consciousness77
2Within each consciousness thought is always changing78
3Within each personal consciousness thought is sensibly continuous79
4It always appears to deal with objects independent of itself82
5It is interested in some parts of these objects to the exclusion of others, and welcomes or rejects--chooses from among them, in a word--all the while83
3.The View of the Self Taken in The Principles of Psychology84
4.Will, and Free Will, as Treated in The Principles of Psychology97
3.The Metaphysics of Radical Empiricism109
1.What Radical Empiricism Is109
2.The Radical Empiricist View of the Nature of the Physical120
1.New Realism127
2.Phenomenological Direct Realism128
3.Aggressively Pragmatist Direct Realism130
4.Phenomenalist Direct Realism131
5.Panpsychism134
3.The Differentia of the Physical137
4.Radical Empiricism and Space143
5.The Experience of Activity149
1What is activity?150
2What are the efficaciously active agencies involved in human action?151
3What fundamentally makes things go in the world?153
6.Radical Empiricism vs. Phenomenology157
7.The Miller-Bode Notebook165
4.Towards a Mystical Pluralism173
1.Critique of Absolute Idealism173
aWhat James Meant by Absolute Idealism173
bJames's Shift of Attitude towards Absolute Idealism175
cThe Critique of 'Intellectualist Logic'181
dBradley or Bergson?187
eRelations191
fAbsolute Idealism One Hypothesis among Others196
2.Steps towards a Positive Alternative198
aThe Nature of Continuity198
bJames, Bergson, and Zeno214
cPanpsychism Supported by Panexperientialism and by Considerations about Causation224
3.Religious Conclusions228
aThe Religious Motivation of James's Thought228
bThe Argument from Religous Experience232
cThe Passional Grounds for Religious Belief238
dFurther Remarks on the Sense of 'True' as Applied to Religious Beliefs238
eGod as Continuous with Our Being rather than as External to It239
fThe Mother Sea of Consciousness242
Watery Metaphors242
The Ingersoll Lecture246
James's Summing Up on Psychical Research251
Part 2F. H. Bradley on Truth and Reality257
1.An Initial Sketch of Bradley's Metaphysics259
1.Degrees of Reality259
2.The Absolute264
3.Finite Centres of Experience276
4.The Object World288
2.Bradley on Judgement and Truth293
1.Bradley and Psychologism293
2.What Is a Judgement?295
aThe Nature of Judgement295
bSubject and Predicate305
3.Types of Judgement and Inference309
aCategorical and Hypothetical or Conditional Judgements309
bNegative Judgements and Some Laws of Logic322
cInference328
4.Truth in Appearance and Reality333
5.The Final View of Truth: Coherence, Comprehensiveness, and Correspondence337
aJudgement337
bCriticisms of Pragmatism and of a Copy Theory of Truth338
cThe Coherence View of Truth345
dThe Conditional Nature of All Truth356
6.Bradley contra James363
3.Reality as Necessarily Distorted by Concepts371
1.Berkeleyan Considerations371
2.Things and Their Qualities375
3.Are Bradley's Qualities Universals or Particulars, or What?380
4.James and Bradley on Resemblance and Identity385
5.Relations: The Official Arguments393
6.The Real Upshot of Bradley's Argument about Relations404
7.Russell, Bradley, and the Monistic Theory of Relations405
8.Russell, Bradley and the Axiom of Internal Relations417
9.Summing up on Internal and External Relations430
10.Conceptual Thinking as Distortive of Reality: James and Bradley434
4.The Absolute439
1.Towards the Absolute439
2.Panexperientialism441
3.Time458
aIntroductory458
bAttempts to Prove the Unreality of Time460
cMotion and Change, and their Perception465
dWhat Corresponds to Time in the Absolute?470
eEternalism of the Type Bradley's System Really Requires478
fTheories of Becoming493
gA Side-glance at McTaggart497
4.The Absolute Achieved500
5.The Self and Its World511
1.The Self in Ethical Studies511
2.The Unreality of the Self518
3.Finite Centres and the Self522
4.Trans-temporal Identity of Self and Finite Centre529
5.Nature: A Comparison with Husserl532
6.Bradley and Panpsychism543
7.Religion547
aBradley and James547
bReligion in The Presuppositions of Critical History549
cReligion in Ethical Studies551
dReligion in Appearance and Reality554
eDarwinist Critique of Christianity558
fBradley's Unpublished Paper on Christian Morality561
gGod and the Absolute565
hLife after Death568
6.Conclusion573
AppendixThe Correspondence of William James and F. H. Bradley585
Bibliography and Chronology597
1.Abbreviations of the Works of James597
2.James Chronology598
3.Abbreviations of the Works of F. H. Bradley600
4.Bradley Chronology600
5.Bibliography601
Index613

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