Ivan Pavlov: Exploring the Animal Machine

Ivan Pavlov: Exploring the Animal Machine

by Daniel Todes

NOOK Book(eBook)

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Overview

Hailed as the "Prince of World Physiology," Ivan Pavlov continues to influence scientists today. His pioneering research on digestion, the brain, and behavior still provides important insights into the minds of animals--including humans--and is an inspiring example of imaginative experimental technique. Pavlov graduated from the theological seminary in his native Ryazan, Russia, in 1869 but almost immediately switched to medicine and enrolled at St. Petersburg University. He became interested in the physiology of circulation and digestion, which led him to the study of conditional and unconditional reflexes. He conducted thousands of experiments with dogs, developing a way to use a dogs salivary glands as a window through which to observe the workings of its brain. Pavlov lived through the Russian Revolution and the civil war that followed it. Lenin himself recognized his genius and provided financial backing for his research; the new Soviet government built a research complex dedicated exclusively to his experiments. Pavlov was honored for his contributions to science with the Nobel Prize for Physiology in 1904. Oxford Portraits in Science is an ongoing series of scientific biographies for young adults. Written by top scholars and writers, each biography examines the personality of its subject as well as the thought process leading to his or her discoveries. These illustrated biographies combine accessible technical information with compelling personal stories to portray the scientists whose work has shaped our understanding of the natural world.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780190283001
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 06/22/2000
Series: Oxford Portraits in Science Series
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
File size: 5 MB
Age Range: 12 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

Introduction 7(4)
The Seminarian Chooses Science
11(13)
Sidebar: Russian Names and the Pavlov Family
13(7)
Sidebar: Sechenov, Reflexes, and Free Will
20(4)
Struggling Scientist in St. Petersburg
24(21)
Pavlov's Physiology Factory
45(22)
Sidebar: The Pavlov Isolated Stomach
54(6)
Sidebar: Why a Factory? Metaphors in Scientific Thinking
60(7)
Towers of Silence
67(13)
After the Revolution
80(17)
"The Prince of World Physiology"
97(6)
Chronology 103(2)
Glossary 105(2)
Further Reading 107(2)
Index 109

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