- How the Murder of More Than Two Million Jews Was Carried Out—In Broad Daylight
- Based on a decade of work on the Holocaust by Bullets by Father Patrick Desbois and his Yahad–In Unum team, which has culminated in interviews with more than 5,700 neighbors to the murdered Jews and visits to more than 2,700 extermination sites, many of them unmarked.
- One key finding: Genocide does not happen without the neighbors. The neighbors are instrumental to the crime.
In Broad Daylight documents the mass killings Jews in seven countries formerly part of the Soviet Union that were invaded by Nazi Germany. Drawing on interviews with neighbors of the Jews, wartime records, and the application of modern forensic practices to long-hidden grave sites, It shows how these murders, this Holocaust by Bullets, followed a template, or script, which included a timetable that was duplicated from place to place.
Far from being kept secret, the killings were done in broad daylight, before witnesses. Often, they were treated as public spectacle. The Nazis deliberately involved the local inhabitants in the mechanics of death—whether it was to cook for the killers, to dig or cover the graves, to witness their Jewish neighbors being marched off, or to take part in the slaughter. They availed themselves of local people and the structures of Soviet life in order to make the Eastern Holocaust happen.
Narrating in lucid, powerful prose that has the immediacy of a crime report, Father Desbois assembles a chilling account of how, concretely, these events took place in village after village, from the selection of the date to the twenty-four-hour period in which the mass murders unfolded. Today, such groups as ISIS put into practice the Nazis’ lessons on making genocide efficient.
The book includes an historical introduction by Andrej Umansky, research fellow at the Institute for Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure, University of Cologne, Germany, and historical and legal advisor to Yahad-In Unum.
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About the Author
Table of Contents
Historical Introduction Andrej Umansky vii
Part 1 The Night Before
1 The Architect 15
2 The Requisitions 25
3 The Diggers 48
4 The Night 59
5 The Rapes 70
Part 2 The Morning
6 Barriers 79
7 The Column of Jews 86
8 The Girl in Love 93
9 The Director of the Trucking Company 100
10 The Transporters of Jews 107
11 The Layers of Planks 116
Part 3 The Day
12 The Dance 129
13 The Cooks and the Shooters 136
14 The Curious Children 147
15 The Child with the Bullets 155
16 The Forced Witnesses 159
17 A German Soldier as Spectator 166
18 The Transporter of Clothing 174
19 The Teachers 181
Part 4 The Evening
20 The Fillers 191
21 The Sale 202
Part 5 The Day After
22 The Auctions 209
23 The Coats 217
24 The Patchworker 223
25 The Sanitizer 227
26 The Method 231
Conclusion:The Photographer 250
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Father Patrick Desbois's Awards and Honors