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SAGE Publications
How the Special Needs Brain Learns / Edition 2

How the Special Needs Brain Learns / Edition 2

by David A. SousaDavid A. Sousa
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Leverage brain research to develop successful strategies for students with special needs!

This second edition of the bestseller helps you turn the latest developments in neuroscience into practical classroom activities. Emphasizing lifelong independent learning, increased retention, and cognitive flexibility, this revision offers a practical framework for identifying, accommodating, and motivating students with special needs. The author offers references to more than 230 new scientific studies, targeted information on Responsiveness to Intervention (RTI), and assistance for working with common learning challenges such as:

  • ADHD and ADD
  • Speech, reading, writing, and math disabilities
  • Emotional and behavioral disorders
  • Autism spectrum disorders

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781412949873
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 10/19/2006
Edition description: Second Edition
Pages: 248
Product dimensions: 8.50(w) x 11.00(h) x (d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

David A. Sousa, Ed D, is an international consultant in educational neuroscience and author of more than a dozen books that translate brain research into strategies for improving learning. He has presented to more than 200,000 educators across the United States, Canada, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and Asia. He has taught high school chemistry and served in administrative positions, including superintendent of schools. He was an adjunct professor of education at Seton Hall University and a visiting lecturer at Rutgers University. Dr. Sousa has edited science books and published dozens of articles in leading journals. His books have been published in French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic, Korean, and several other languages. He is past president of the National Staff Development Council (now Learning Forward) and has received honorary degrees and awards for his commitment to research, professional development, and science education. He has appeared on NBC’s Today Show and National Public Radio to discuss his work with schools using brain research.

Table of Contents

List of Strategies to Consider
About the Author
Preface to the Second Edition
Who Are Special Needs Students?
Can Brain Research Help?
What Is in This Book?
A Word of Caution
1. The Brain and Learning
Some Exterior Parts of the Brain
Lobes of the Brain
Motor Cortex and Somatosensory Cortex
Some Interior Parts of the Brain
Limbic Area
Brain Cells
Learning and Retention
Implications for Students With Learning Disabilities
Learning Motor Skills
How Different Are the Brains of Today's Students?
The Search for Novelty
Have Schools Changed to Deal With This Different Brain?
2. When Learning Difficulties Arise
Research Examines Learning Disabilities
Possible Causes of Learning Disabilities
Gender Differences
What Forms of Instruction Are Most Effective?
Misconceptions About Learning Disabilities
Gifted Children With Learning Disabilities
Responsiveness to Intervention
Key Elements of Responsiveness to Intervention
Helping Students Become Strategic Learners
What Is Learning?
Learning Difficulties of Students With Learning Disabilities
What Are Learning Strategies?
How Important Is Self-Esteem?
3. Attention Disorders
Research Findings
What Is Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?
What Causes ADHD?
Is ADHD Inherited?
IS ADHD on the Increase?
Is it Possible to Have ADHD-Like Behavior and Not Have ADHD?
The Future of ADHD Research and Treatment
What Educators Need to Consider
4. Speech Disabilities
Learning Spoken Language
Is Language Prewired in the Brain?
Speech and Language Patterns by Age
Putting the Language Components Together
Problems in Learning Spoken Language
Language Problems With Children and Adolescents
Language Deficits and Learning a Second Language
The Future of Speech-Language Disorders Research
What Educators Need to Consider
5. Reading Disabilities
Learning to Read
Is Reading a Natural Ability?
Spoken Language and Reading
Decoding and Comprehension
Difficulties in Learning to Read
Social and Cultural Causes of Reading Problems
Physical Causes of Reading Problems
Is Dyslexia Present in Readers of Other Languages?
Brain Imaging Studies and Dyslexia
Detecting Reading Problems
Spoken Language Difficulties
Early Indicators of Reading Problems
What Educators Need to Consider
What Teachers Should Know About Teaching Reading
What Beginning Readers Need to Learn
Some Effective Reading Intervention Programs
6. Writing Disabilities
Learning to Write
Difficulties in Writing
Environmental Causes
Neurological Causes
What Educators Need to Consider
Characterisitics of Good Writing
Helping Students With Dysgraphia
7. Mathematical Disabilities
Learning to Calculate
Numerical Reasoning Independent of Language
Gender Differences in Mathematics
Difficulties in Mathematics
The Future of Research in Mathematics Disorders
What Educators Need to Consider
Determining the Source of the Problem
Diagnostic Tools for Assessing Learning Difficulties in Mathematics
Other Considerations
8. Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
Emotions, Behavior, and Learning
Pathways of Emotional Signals
Different Brain Areas for Different Emotions
First Survival and Emotions, Then the Textbook
Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Depressive Disorders
Other Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
Impact of Childhood Abuse
The Future of Research in Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
What Educators Need to Consider
9. Autism Spectrum Disorders
Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Autism Spectrum Disorders
The Future of Research on Autism Spectrum Disorders
What Educators Need to Consider
10. Putting It All Together
Helping Students With Learning Difficulties
Identifying Students With Learning Difficulties
Accommodating Students With Learning Difficulties
Motivating Students With Learning Difficulties
Communicating With Parents

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