How Psychology Works: The Facts Visually Explained

How Psychology Works: The Facts Visually Explained

by DK Publishing


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Explore the human mind and understand the science behind how people think and act in a wide variety of everyday situations with this brand-new visual guide to applied psychology.

Using straightforward definitions and clear, striking visuals, this book makes the workings of the brain easy to understand and shows what happens when things go wrong, with information on disorders such as anxiety and paranoia, as well as explanations of the different therapies that are used to treat them, from CBT to psychoanalysis, group therapy to art therapy.

How Psychology Works explains hundreds of psychological terms clearly and simply, such as neurosis, psychosis, psychopathy, self-efficacy, flow, human factors, and false memory syndrome. It also includes an introduction to the different approaches psychologists use to understand how we behave and think and a detailed look at how the brain influences behavior and psychological health.

With its combination of bold infographics and clear, easy-to-understand text, this book explores and explains the various approaches that psychologists use to study how people think and behave, such as behaviorism, cognitive psychology, and humanism, and shows how these approaches can be applied to real-world situations. With examples from the workplace to the sports field, the courtroom to the classroom, How Psychology Works shows how psychology plays a huge role in all of our lives and offers a greater understanding of what influences behavior, thoughts, and feelings in a variety of environments and scenarios.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781465468611
Publisher: DK
Publication date: 06/05/2018
Series: How Things Work Series
Pages: 256
Sales rank: 136,558
Product dimensions: 7.70(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

DK was founded in London in 1974 and is now the world leading illustrated reference publisher and a member of the Penguin Random House division of Bertelsmann. DK publishes highly visual, photographic non-fiction for adults and children. DK produces content for consumers in over 100 countries and over 60 languages, with offices in the UK, India, US, Germany, China, Canada, Spain and Australia.

DK's aim is to inspire, educate and entertain readers of all ages, and everything DK publishes, whether print or digital, embodies the unique DK design approach. DK brings unrivalled clarity to a wide range of topics, with a unique combination of words and pictures, put together to spectacular effect. We have a reputation for innovation in design for both print and digital products.

Our adult range spans travel, including the award-winning DK Eyewitness Travel Guides, history, science, nature, sport, gardening, cookery and parenting. 

DK’s extensive children’s list showcases a fantastic store of information for children, toddlers and babies. DK covers everything from animals and the human body, to homework help and craft activities, together with an impressive list of licensing titles, including the best-selling LEGO® books.

DK acts as the parent company for Alpha Books, publisher of the Idiot's Guides series and Prima Games, the world’s leading publisher of strategy content for PC and console video games.

Table of Contents

Foreword 8

What Is Psychology?

The development of psychology 12

Psychoanalytical theory 14

Behaviorist approach 16

Humanism 18

Cognitive psychology 20

Biological psychology 22

How the brain works 24

How memory works 30

How emotions work 32

Psychological Disorders

Diagnosing disorders 36

Depression 38

Bipolar disorder 40

Perinatal mental illness 42

DMDD (disruptive mood dysregulation disorder) 44

SAD (seasonal affective disorder) 45

Panic disorder 46

Specific phobias 48

Agoraphobia 50

Claustrophobia 51

GAD (generalized anxiety disorder) 52

Social anxiety disorder 53

Separation anxiety disorder 54

Selective mutism 55

OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder) 56

Hoarding disorder 58

BDD (body dysmorphic disorder) 59

Skin-picking and hair-pulling disorders 60

Illness anxiety disorder 61

PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) 62

ASR (acute stress reaction) 63

Adjustment disorder 64

Reactive attachment disorder 65

ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) 66

ASD (autism spectrum disorder) 68

Schizophrenia 70

Schizoaffective disorder 72

Catatonia 73

Delusional disorder 74

Dementia 76

CTE (chronic traumatic encephalopathy) 78

Delirium (acute confusional state) 79

Substance use disorder 80

Impulse-control and addiction 82

Gambling disorder 83

Kleptomania 84

Pyromania 85

DID (dissociative identity disorder) 86

Depersonalization and derealization 88

Dissociative amnesia 89

Anorexia nervosa 90

Bulimia nervosa 92

Binge-eating disorder 94

Pica 95

Communication disorders 96

Sleep disorders 98

Tic disorders 100

PD (personality disorders) 102

Other disorders 108

Healing Therapies

Health and therapy 112

Physical and psychological health 114

The role of therapy 116

Psychodynamic therapies 118

Psychoanalysis 119

Jungian therapy 120

Self psychology and object relations 121

Transactional analysis 121

Cognitive and behavioral therapies 122

Behavioral therapy 124

Cognitive therapy 124

CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) 125

Third wave CBT 126

CPT (Cognitive processing therapy) 127

REBT (rational emotive behavior therapy) 127

Methods used in CBTs 128

Mindfulness 129

Humanistic therapies 130

Person-centered therapy 132

Reality therapy 132

Existential therapy 133

Gestalt therapy 133

Emotion-focused therapy 134

Solution-focused brief therapy 134

Sornatic therapies 135

EMDR (eye movement desensitization and reprocessing) 136

Hypnotherapy 136

Arts-based therapies 137

Animal-assisted therapy 137

Systemic therapies 138

Family systems therapy 139

Strategic family therapy 140

Dyadic developmental therapy 141

Contextual therapy 141

Biotheraples 142

Psychology in The Real World

Psychology of self-identity 146

Identity formation 148

Personality 150

Self actualization 152

The psychology of relationships 154

Psychology and attachment 156

The science of love 158

How dating works 160

Psychology and the stages of relationships 162

Psychology in education 166

Educational theories 168

The psychology of teaching 172

Assessing problems 174

Psychology in the workplace 176

Selecting the best candidate 178

Managing talent 180

Team development 182

Leadership 184

Organizational culture and change 186

HFE psychology 188

Engineering displays 190

Human error and prevention 192

Forensic psychology 194

Psychology and criminal investigations 196

Psychology in the courtroom 200

Psychology in prisons 202

Psychology in politics 204

Voting behavior 206

Obedience and decision-making 208

Nationalism 210

Psychology in the community 214

How community works 216

Empowerment 218

Urban communities 220

Safety in the community 222

Consumer psychology 224

Understanding consumer behavior 226

Changing consumer behavior 228

Consumer neuroscience 230

The power of branding 232

The power of celebrity 234

The psychology of sports 236

Improving skills 238

Keeping motivated 240

Getting in the zone 242

Performance anxiety 244

Psychometric tests 246

Index 248

Acknowledgments and picture credits 256

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