Horses: A Guide to Selection, Care, and Enjoyment

Horses: A Guide to Selection, Care, and Enjoyment

by J. Warren Evans


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Relevant to everyone from novice to experienced owner, this book offers the basic information necessary for the competent care and recreational use of horses.

Authoritative and uncommonly accessible, this practical guide covers every vital phase of buying, managing, enjoying, and raising horses. It includes a wealth of illustations and photo sequences showing step-by-step management procedures, as well as more technical information of use to advanced owners. And it refelcts the latest findings in health care and research.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780716712534
Publisher: Freeman, W. H. & Company
Publication date: 05/15/1981
Pages: 683
Product dimensions: 7.31(w) x 9.38(h) x 0.82(d)

About the Author

J. Warren Evans is Professor of Animal Science at Texas A&M University, where he directs the equine reproduction program. For over 15 years he taught horse production and management courses at the University of California, Davis. A past president of the Equine Nutrition and Physiology Society, he is also author of The Horse (from W.H. Freeman) with A. Borton, H.F. Hintz, and L.D. Van Vleck.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Owning a Horse
* Ownership Obligations
* Ownership Costs
* Basic Facilities and Care
* Benefits of Ownership

Part I: Selecting and Buying a Horse
1. Considering Basic Factors
* Seeking Help and Advice
* Locating a Horse to Buy

Friends, Advertisements, Dealers and Trainers, Farms, Auction Sales
* Evaluating the Horse after One is Located
* Cost Factors

Breed, Sex, Training, Age, Size, Color, Conformation, Market Value, Multiple Ownerships
* Gaits
* Natural and Artificial Gaits, Common Defects in Gaits
* Training
* Age
* Teeth and Age
* Temperament and Behavior

Temperament Types, Agonistic Behavior, Dominance Hierarchies, Epimeletic and Et-Epimeletic Behaviors, Investigative Behavior, Grooming Behavior, Elimination and Ingestion, Play, Mimicry, Learning, Sleeping and Waking, Vices (Bad Habits)
* Color
* Head Marks, Leg Marks, Body Color
* Sex
* Pedigree
* Identification

2. Evaluating Conformation and Soundness
* Conformation
* Head, Neck, Chest, Withers, Shoulders, Forelegs, Front View, Side View, Hindquarters
* Blemishes and Unsoundness
* Head, Shoulders
* Leg Unsoundness
* Forelegs, Feet, Hindlegs
* General Unsoundness
* Hernia, Heaves or Wind Break, Roaring, Thick Wind, Photosensitization

3. Choosing the Breed
* Light Horse Breeds
* American Quarter Horse, Arabian, Thoroughbred, Standardbred, Morgan, American Saddlebred, Tennessee Walking Horse, Gotland Horse, Racking Horse, Missouri Fox Trotting Horse, Lipizzan, Morab, National Show Horse, Paso Fino and Peruvian Paso, Galiceno, American Bashkir Curly, Rocky Mountain Horse
* Registries with Color Requirements
* American Albino, American Buckskin, Palomino, Paint, Pinto and Spotted Horse, Appaloosa
* Native Horses
* Spanish-Barb, Chickasaw, Florida Cracker, Feral Horses in America
* Draft Horses: Percheron, Suffolk, Clydesdale, Belgian, Shire
* Heavy Harness or Coach Horses
* Pony Breeds: Welch or Welch Mountain Pony, Connemara, Pony of the Americas, Shetland, Norwegian Fjord, Other Ponies
* Miniature Horses
* Sport Horse Breeds
* Andalusian, American Warmblood, Holsteiner, Trakehner, Hanoverian
* Donkeys, Asses and Mules: Donkeys, Mules

Part II: Exercising Ownership Responsibilities
4. Providing Physical Facilities
* Planning
* Identifying Needs
* Codes and Regulations
* Site Selection
* Barns
* Functional Design, Layout, Barn Exterior, Barn Interior, Portable Barns and Equipment
* Fences
* Breeding Facilities
* Bedding
* Fire Safety
* Dust Control
* Arenas

5. Feeding
* Anatomy and Functions of the Digestive Tract
* Common Feeds
* Roughness, Grains and Grain By-Products, Other Feeds, Supplements
* Nutrient Requirements: Water, Carbohydrates and Fats, Protein, Vitamins, Minerals
* Formulating and Balancing Rations
* Rules of Thumb, Rations, Costs, Commercial Feeds
* Feeding Management: Group Feeding, Feeding Facilities, Appetites: Timid Eaters and Off Feed, Feed Processing, Feeding Times, Feeding Frequency, Age, Ration Changes, Time of Watering, Roughage Requirements, Use of Cattle and Swine Feed, Feeding Fat, Obese and Thin Horses, Feed by Weight and Volume, Depraved Appetite, Other Factors

6. Handling and Training
* Catching and Haltering, Leading, Restraint, Safety
* Exercise
* Exercise Methods
* Conditioning Program, Cardiovascular Response to Exercise, Respiratory Responses to Exercise, Bone Response to Exercise, Conditioning Program for Competitive Trail Ride, Evaluation of Condition and Stress
* Transportation: Trailers, Loading, Horse Safety Precautions, Commercial Transportation, Avoiding Travel Fatigue
* Training
* Environmental Influences, Responses, Stimuli, Basic Cues, Presenting New Cues, Presenting Specific Cues, Reinforcement, Shaping, Massing of Trials, Inhibition, Effort and Effects on Learning, Intelligence, Training Summary, Effects of Early Experience

7. Grooming
* Basic Grooming
* Baths
* Blanketing
* Trimming
* Manes
* Tails

8. Caring for Feet
* Hoof Handling
* Daily Cleaning and Inspection
* Trimming
* Anatomy and Physiology
* Shoeing Equipment, Shoes, Horseshoe Nails, Shoeing Procedure, Evaluation
* Corrective Trimming and Shoeing
* Foals, Mature Horses

9. Recognizing Illness and Giving First Aid
* Recognizing Illness
* Respiration, Temperature, Heart Rate, Skin and Mucus Membranes, Excreta
* Recognizing Lameness
* Veterinary Assistance
* First Aid: Cuts and Tears, Emergency Treatment, Bandaging, Healing, Punctures, Burns and Abrasions, Wound Treatment --"Don'ts," Other Emergency Situations
* Dental Care

10. Knowing About Parasites and Diseases
* Parasites
* Internal Parasites, External Parasites
* Diseases
* Common Diseases, Metabolic and Other Diseases, Disease Prevention

Part III: Using and Enjoying the Horse
11. Riding and Driving
* Riding Equipment: Western, Forward, Endurance and Competitive Trail Riding, Bits and Bitting, Martingales, Care, Storage and Cleaning
* Riding
* Saddling, Bridling, Western Riding, Forward Riding, Saddle Seat, Sidesaddle
* Driving
* Harnessing, Driving

12. Showing and Racing
* Horse Shows: Halter Classes, Equitation Division, Western Division, Jumper Division, Saddlebred Horse Division, Roadster Division, Three-Day Events, Gymkhana
* Dressage: United States Dressage Federation
* Racing: Types of Races, Supervision of Racing, Pari-mutuel Betting, Harness Racing, Quarter Horse Racing, Thoroughbred Racing

13. Rodeo, Trail, Sports Events, and Equine-Assisted Therapy
* Rodeo: Rodeo Associations, Standard Rodeo Events
* Ranch Rodeos
* Cutting Horses
* Team Penning
* Fox Hunting
* Vaulting
* Social, Endurance and Competitive Trail Riding
* Packing and Outfitting
* Equipment, Saddling, Packing
* Polo
* Equine-Assisted Therapy

Part IV: Breeding the Horse
14. Breeding the Stallion
* Reproductive Tract: Scrotum, Testes, Epididymis, Vas Deferens, Penis, Accessory Sex Glands
* Semen Production and Characteristics
* Endocrinology, Characteristics
* Semen Collection, Processing, Evaluation and Storage
* Collection, Care of AV Equipment, Processing
* Evaluation
* Breeding Soundness Evaluation
* Infertility
* Training Young Stallions
* Castration
* Age, Procedure for Castration, Cryptorchids

15. Breeding the Mare
* Reproductive Tract
* Ovaries, Uterus, Cervix, Vagina, Vulva, Mammary Gland
* Physiology of Reproduction: Estrous Cycle, Behavioral Changes, Hormonal Changes, Reproductive Tract Changes, Variability in the Estrous Cycle, Foal Heat, Estrous Cycle Manipulation, Records
* Breeding: Mare Preparation, Stallion Preparation, Breeding Area, Natural Breeding, Artificial Insemination, Infertility Problems, Embryo Transfer
* Gestation: Length of Gestation Period, Hormonal Changes, Placentation, Fetal Growth, Pregnancy Examination, Abortions, Determining the Sex of Fetus

16. Care During and After Pregnancy
* Foaling
* Pregnant Mare Care Immediately Before Foaling, Predicting Parturition, Signs of Approaching Parturition, Foaling, Dystocia, Inducing Parturition, Postnatal Foal And Mare Care
* Orphan Foals
* Weaning
* Training the Foal
* Congenital Defects in Foals
* Malformations, Development Disorders, Incompatible Blood Groups, Combined Immunodeficiency Disease, Other Immunity Failures

17. Understanding Basic Genetics
* Basic Genetics
* Genes and Chromosomes, Sex Determination, Hybrid Crosses, Genetic Infertility, Parentage Disputes, Coat Color Inheritance
* Breeding Superior Horses
* Qualitative Inheritance, Quantitative Inheritance, Locating Animals with Superior Genotypes, Linebreeding and Inbreeding Relationships, Stallion Selection to Complement the Mare

18. Business Practices in the Horse Industry
* Size and Status of Horse Industry in U.S.
* Business Plan
* Types of Business Organizations
* Legal Issues
* Equine Activity Statutes, Attractive Nuisance, Livestock Laws, Recreational Use Statutes
* Contracts
* Boarding Contracts, Sales Transactions, Lease Agreements, Syndication Agreements, Breeding Contracts
* Records
* Farm Records
* Accounting
* Registration and Awards Program Requirements
* Insurance
* Liability Insurance, Umbrella Policies, Mortality Insurance, Health Insurance, Loss of Use, Fertility
* Hiring Trainers
* Racing Horses
* Employees and Independent Contractors
* Purchasing and Selling Horses
* Auction Sales, Private Treaty, Sales and Use Taxes
* Interstate and International Importation and Exportation
* Importation into United States, Exportation from United States
* Preventing Theft
* Memberships
* Sources of Information
* Internet, Traditional Sources, Individual Horse

3-1 Addresses of Breed Associations and Registries, Business Associations, Magazines and State Horse Councils
5-1 Ration Formulation
12-1 Racing Tables
12-2 Glossary of Dressage Terms
12-3 Glossary of Racing Terms
13-1 Glossary of Rodeo Terms
14-1 Semen Evaluation Procedures
15-1 Preparation of Semen Extenders


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