The Greeks: History, Culture, and Society / Edition 2 available in Paperback
Organized chronologically, this text presents a complete picture of Greek civilization as a history and features sections on the art, architecture, literature, and thought of each period.
About the Author
Ian Morris is the Jean and Rebecca Willard Professor of Classics and Professor of History at Stanford University, where he teaches large lecture courses on ancient empires and Greek history. He is either the author or the editor of nine books on ancient history and archaeology, and directs a major archaeological excavation in Sicily. His latest book, Why the West Rules … For Now will appear in 2010. He has lectured at universities across America and Europe, and r appeared on television on the History Channel, Discovery Channel, and A&E Channel.
Barry B. Powell is the Halls-Bascom Professor of Classics Emeritus at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where in his long career he was well known as a teacher of large lecture classes in ancient civilization and myth and for seminars on Homer. He has lectured in many countries and is the author of the bestselling Classical Myth (6th edition, 2008), widely used in college courses. He is best known as the author of Homer and the Origin of the Greek Alphabet (1991), which argues that the Greek alphabet was invented in order to record the poems of Homer. With Ian Morris he published the internationally admired A New Companion to Homer (1997). The 2nd edition of his popular introductory text Homer appeared in 2007, and he has written numerous other books, articles, screenplays, a novel, poetry, and a mock-epic The War at Troy: A True History (2006). He Recently, he appeared on the History Channel special Troy: The True Story (2005). His study Writing: Theory and History of the Technology of Civilization (2008) establishes a scientific terminology for studying the history of writing.
Table of Contents
About the Authors
1. A Small, Far-Off Land
Why Study the Greeks?
Who Were the Greeks?
The Structure of This Book: History, Culture, and Society
2. Country and People
Greek Geography, Climate, and Agriculture
Health and Disease
Economic Growth in Ancient Greece
3. The Greeks at Home
Gender Relationships: Ideals and Realities
Adults and Children
4. The Greeks Before History, 12,000-1200 B.C.
The End of the Last Ice Age, 12,000-11,000 B.C.
The Origins of Agriculture, 11,000-5000 B.C.
Greeks and Indo-Europeans
Neolithic Society and Economy, 5000-3000 B.C.
The Early Bronze Age, 3000-2300 B.C.
The Middle Bronze Age, 2300-800 B.C.
The Age of Minoan Palaces, 2000-600 B.C.
The Rise of Mycenaean Greece, 1750-500 B.C.
The End of Minoan Civilization, 1600-1400 B.C.
Mycenaean Greece: Archaeology, Linear B, and Homer
The End of the Bronze Age, circa 200 B.C.
5. The Dark Age, 1200-800 B.C.
The Collapse of the Old States
Life Among the Ruins
Dark Age Heroes
Art and Trade in the Dark Age
The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Economy
The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Society
The Eighth-Century Renaissance: Culture
The Homeric Question
Milman Parry and Oral Poetry
The Oral Poet in Homer
Heinrich Schliemann and the Trojan War
The Tragic Iliad
Homer and the Invention of Plot
The Comic Odyssey
Odysseus and Homer
7. Religion and Myth
Definitions of Religion and Myth
Hesiod’s Myth of the Origin of the Gods
Greek Religion in History
Forms of Greek Religious Practice
Hesiod’s Myth of Sacrifice
Gods and Other Mysterious Beings
The Ungrateful Dead and the Laying of the Ghost
Ecstatic and Mystical Religion
8. Ancient Greece, 800-480 B.C.: Economy, Society, Politics
Government by Oligarchy
The Structure of Archaic States
9. The Archaic Cultural Revolution, 700-480 B.C.
Natural Philosophy in Miletus
Pythagoras: Philosophy and Social Science in the West
Hecataeus, Herodotus, and Historiê
Art and Thought in Sixth-Century Greece
10. A Tale of Two Archaic Cities: Sparta and Athens, 700-480 B.C.
Spartiates, Perioikoi, and Helots
The Seventh-Century Crisis
Pisistratus and the Consequences of Solon’s Reforms
Athens Submits to Persia
11. Persia and the Greeks, 550-490 B.C.
Empires of the Ancient Near East
Cyrus and the Rise of Persia, 559—530 B.C.
Cambyses and Darius, 530—52 B.C.
Persia’s Northwest Frontier and the Ionian Revolt, 52—494 B.C.
The Battle of Marathon, 490 B.C.
12. The Great War, 480-479 B.C.
Storm Clouds in the West
Storm Clouds in the East
The Storm Breaks in the West: The Battle of Himera, 480 B.C.
The Storm Breaks in the East: The Battle of Thermopylae, 480 B.C.
The Fall of Athens
The Battle of Salamis
The End of the Storm: Battles of Plataea and Mycale, 479 B.C.
13. Democracy and Empire; Athens and Syracuse, 479-431 B.C.
The Expansion of the Syracusan State, 479—461 B.C.
The Western Democracies, 461—433 B.C.
Economic Growth in Western Greece, 479—433 B.C. Cimon and the Creation of the Athenian Empire, 478—461 B.C.
The First Peloponnesian War, 460—446 B.C.
Pericles and the Consolidation of Athenian Power, 446—433 B.C.
Economic Growth in the Aegean
The Edge of the Abyss, 433—431 B.C.
14. Art and Thought in the Fifth Century B.C.
15. Fifth-Century Drama
The City of Dionysia
The Theater of Dionysus
Character and Other Dimensions of Tragedy
The Origins of Comedy
The Plots of Old Comedy
The Structures of Old Comedy
16. The Peloponnesian War and Its Aftermath, 431-399 B.C.
The Archidamian War, 431—421 B.C.
The Peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition, 421—413 B.C.
Sicily and the Carthaginian War, 412—404 B.C.
The Ionian War, 412—404 B.C.
Aftermath, 404—399 B.C.
17. The Greeks between Persia and Carthage, 399-360 B.C.
Sparta’s Empire, 404—360 B.C.
Economy, Society, and War
Sparta’s Collapse, 371 B.C.
Anarchy in the Aegean, 371—360 B.C.
Carthage and Syracuse, 404—360 B.C.
The Golden Age of Syracuse, 393—367 B.C.
Anarchy in the West, 367—345 B.C.
18. Greek Culture in the Fourth Century B.C.
The Warlords of Macedon I: Philip II and Alexander the King
Macedonia before Philip II
Philip’s Struggle for Survival, 359—357 B.C.
Philip Consolidates His Position, 357—352 B.C.
Philip Seeks a Greek Peace, 352—346 B.C.
The Struggle for a Greek Peace, 346—338 B.C.
Philip’s End, 338—336 B.C.
Alexander the King
The Conquest of Persia, 334—330 B.C.
The Warlords of Macedon II: Alexander the God
The Fall of the Great King Darius, 331-330 B.C.
After the War, 330—324 B.C.
War in India, 327—326 B.C.
The Long March Home, 326—324 B.C.
The Last Days, 324—323 B.C.
The Successors to Alexander, 323—220 B.C
The Wars of the Successors, 323—301 B.C
The Hellenistic World after Ipsus
The Seleucid Empire
The Antigonids: Macedonia
The Greek Poleis, 323—220 B.C
Impoverishment and Depopulation in Mainland Greece
Athens in Decline
The Western Greeks: Agathocles of Syracuse (361—289/8 B.C)
Pyrrhus of Epirus
Hellenistic Society: The Weakening of the Egalitarian Ideal
Hellenistic Culture, 323—30 B.C.
Quantitative Science in the Hellenistic Age
The Coming of Rome, 220—30 B.C.
The Rise of Rome, 753—280 B.C.
Rome, Carthage, and the Western Greeks, 280—200 B.C.
Rome Breaks the Hellenistic Empires, 200—167 B.C.
Consequences of the Wars: The Greeks
Consequences of the Wars: The Romans
New Roman Army
The Agony of the Aegean, 99—70 B.C.
Pompey’s Greek Settlement, 70—62 B.C.
The End of Hellenistic Egypt, 61—30 B.C.
The Bronze Age (c. 3000-1200 B.C.; Chapter 4)
The Dark Age (c. 1200-700 B.C.; Chapter 5)
The Archaic Period (c. 700-500 B.C.; Chapters 6-10)
The Classical Period (c. 500-350 B.C.; Chapters 11-18)
The Macedonian Takeover (c. 350-323 B.C.; Chapters 19-22)
The Hellenistic Period (c. 323-30 B.C.; Chapters 23-24)