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Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Give Me Liberty!: An American History / Edition 6

Give Me Liberty!: An American History / Edition 6

by Eric FonerEric Foner
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The leading U.S. history textbook, with a new focus on “Who is an American?”

A powerful text by an acclaimed historian, Give Me Liberty! delivers an authoritative, concise, and integrated American history. In the Sixth Edition, Eric Foner addresses a question that has motivated, divided, and stirred passionate debates: “Who is an American?” With new coverage of issues of inclusion and exclusion—reinforced by new primary source features in the text and a new secondary source tutorial online—Give Me Liberty! strengthens students’ most important historical thinking skills.

The Seagull Edition?offers the complete text of the Full Edition in full color and a portable trim size with fewer illustrations and maps and an exceptionally low price.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780393418248
Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Publication date: 10/08/2019
Edition description: Seagull Sixth Edition
Pages: 760
Sales rank: 132,132
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Eric Foner is the pre-eminent historian of his generation, highly respected by historians of every stripe—whether they specialize in political history or social history. His books have won the top awards in the profession, and he has been president of both major history organizations: the American Historical Association and the Organization of American Historians. He has worked on every detail of Give Me Liberty!, which displays all of his trademark strengths as a scholar, teacher, and writer. A specialist on the Civil War/Reconstruction period, he regularly teaches the nineteenth-century survey at Columbia University, where he is DeWitt Clinton Professor of History. In 2011, Foner's The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery won the Pulitzer Prize in History, the Bancroft Prize, and the Lincoln Prize.

Table of Contents

List of Maps, Tables, and Figures xxiii

About the Author xxix

Preface xxxi

Acknowledgments xxxix

1 A New World 1

The First Americans 3

Indian Freedom, European Freedom 12

The Expansion of Europe 15

Contact 18

The Spanish Empire 23

The French and Dutch Empires 34

Voices off Freedom From Bartolomè de las Casas,' History of the Indies (1528), and From "Declaration of Josephe" (December 19, 1681)… 36

2 Beginnings of English America, 1607-1660 46

England and the New World 48

The Coming of the English 53

Settling the Chesapeake 57

The New England Way 65

New Englanders Divided 72

Voices of Freedom From "The Trial of Anne Hutchinson" (1637), and From John Winthrop, Speech to the Massachusetts General Court (July 3, 1645)… 78

Religion, Politics, and Freedom 83

3 Creating Anglo America, 1660-1750 89

Global Competition and the Expansion of England's Empire 90

Origins of American Slavery 97

Colonies in Crisis 105

The Growth of Colonial America 111

Voices of Freedom From Letter by a Swiss-German immigrant to Pennsylvania (August 23, 1769), and From Memorial against Non-English Immigration (December 1727)… 118

Social Classes in the Colonies 123

4 Slavery, Freedom, and the Struggle for Empire, to 1763 131

Slavery and Empire 134

Slave Cultures and Slave Resistance 143

An Empire of Freedom 148

The Public Sphere 152

The Great Awakening 160

Imperial Rivalries 163

Battle for the Continent 168

Voices of Freedom From Scarouyady, Speech to Pennsylvania Provincial Council (1756), and From Pontiac, Speeches (1762 and 1763)… 174

5 The American Revolution, 1763-1783 179

The Crisis Begins 180

The Road to Revolution 189

The Coming of Independence 193

Voices of Freedom From Samuel Seabury, an Alarm to the Legislature of the Province in New-York (1775), and From Thomas Paine, Common Sense (1776)… 202

Securing Independence 204

6 The Revolution within 216

Democratizing Freedom 218

Toward Religious Toleration 223

Defining Economic Freedom 228

The Limits of Liberty 232

Slavery and the Revolution 237

Daughters of Liberty 245

Voices of Freedom From Abigail Adams to John Adams, Braintree Mass (March 31, 1776), and From Petitions of Slaves to the Massachusetts Legislature (1773 and 1777)… 248

7 Founding A Nation, 1783-1791 253

America Under The Confederation 255

A New Constitution 263

The Ratification Debate and the Origin of the Bill of Rights 270

Voices of Freedom From David Ramsay, The History of the American Revolution (1789), and From James Winthrop, Anti-Federalist Essay Signed "Agrippa" (1787)… 276

"We The People" 279

8 Securing the Republic, 1791-1815 288

Politics in an Age of Passion 289

Voices of Freedom From Judith Sargent Murray, "on The Equality of the Sexes" (1790), and From Address of the Democratic-Republican Society of Pennsylvania (December 18, 1794)… 298

The Adams Presidency 301

Jefferson in Power 309

The "Second War of Independence" 316

9 The Market Revolution, 1800-1840 325

A New Economy 327

Market Society 337

The Free Individual 347

Voices of Freedom From Recollections of Harriet L. Noble (1824), and From "Factory Life as it is, by an Operative" (1845)… 354

The Limits of Prosperity 356

10 Democracy in America, 1815-1840 364

The Triumph of Democracy 366

Nationalism and its Discontents 373

Nation, Section, and Party 379

Voices of Freedom From The Memorial of the Non-Freeholders of the City of Richmond (1829), and From Appeal of Forty Thousand Citizens Threatened with Disfranchisement (1838)… 384

The Age of Jackson 387

The Bank War and After 397

11 The Peculiar Institution 404

The Old South 405

Life Under Slavery 418

Voices of Freedom From Letter by Joseph Taper to Joseph Long (1840), and From "Slavery and the Bible" (1850)… 422

Slave Culture 428

Resistance to Slavery 433

12 An Age of Reform, 1820-1840 441

The Reform Impulse 442

The Crusade against Slavery 452

Black and White Abolitionism 459

The Origins of Feminism 464

Voices of Freedom From Angelina Grimké, Letter in The Liberator (August 2, 1837), and From Catharine Beecher, An Essay on Slavery and Abolitionism (1837)… 470

13 A House Divided, 1840-1861 476

Fruits of Manifest Destiny 477

A Dose of Arsenic 490

The Rise of the Republican Party 498

The Emergence of Lincoln 503

Voices of Freedom From The Lincoln-Douglas Debates (1858)… 510

The Impending Crisis 514

14 A New Birth of Freedom: The Civil War, 1861-1865 519

The First Modem War 521

The Coming of Emancipation 529

The Second American Revolution 536

Voices of Freedom From Frederick Douglass, Men of Color to Arms (1863), and From Abraham Lincoln, Address at Sanitary Fair, Baltimore (April 18, 1864)… 544

The Confederate Nation 549

Turning Points 554

Rehearsals for Reconstruction and the End of the War 556

15 "What is Freedom?": Reconstruction, 1865-1877 564

The Meaning of Freedom 566

Voices of Freedom From Petition of Committee in Behalf of the Freedmen to Andrew Johnson (1865), and From A Sharecropping Contract (1886)… 576

The Making of Radical Reconstruction 579

Radical Reconstruction in the South 590

The Overthrow of Reconstruction 594

16 America's Gilded Age, 1870-1890 603

The Second Industrial Revolution 605

The Transformation of the West 613

Voices of Freedom From Speech of Chief Joseph of the Nez Percé Indians, in Washington, D.C. (1879), and From Letter by Saum Song Bo, American Missionary (October 1885) … 622

Politics in a Gilded Age 629

Freedom in the Gilded Age 634

Labor and the Republic 639

17 Freedom's Boundaries, at Home and Abroad, 1890-1900 649

The Populist Challenge 651

The Segregated South 659

Redrawing the Boundaries 669

Voices of Freedom From Booker T. Washington, Address at the Atlanta Cotton Exposition (1895), and From W. E. B. Du Bois, "Of Mr. Booker T. Washington, and Others" (1903)… 674

Becoming a World Power 677

18 The Progressive Era, 1900-1916 691

An Urban Age and a Consumer Society 694

Varieties of Progressivism 703

Voices of Freedom From Charlotte Perkins Oilman, Women and Economics (1898), and From John Mitchell, "The Workingman's Conception of Industrial Liberty" (1910)… 710

The Politics of Progressivism 715

The Progressive Presidents 724

19 Safe for Democracy: The United States and World War I, 1916-1920 734

An Era of Intervention 737

America and the Great War 742

The War at Home 746

Who Is an American? 755

Voices of Freedom From Woodrow Wilson, War Message to Congress (1917), and From Eugene V. Debs, Speech to the Jury before Sentencing under the Espionage Act (1918)… 756

1919 767

20 From Business Culture to Great Depression: The Twenties, 1920-1932 779

The Business of America 782

Business and Government 789

Voices of Freedom From Lucian W. Parrish, Speech in Congress on Immigration (1921), and From Majority Opinion, Justice James C. McReynolds, in Meyer v. Nebraska (1923) 792

The Birth of Civil Liberties 795

The Culture Wars 799

The Great Depression 810

21 The New Deal, 1932-1940 818

The First New Deal 821

The Grassroots Revolt 830

The Second New Deal 835

A Reckoning with Liberty 838

Voices of Freedom From Franklin D. Roosevelt, "Fireside Chat" (1934), and From John Steinbeck, The Harvest Gypsies: On the Road to The Grapes of Wrath (1938)… 842

The Limits of Change 845

A New Conception of America 852

22 Fighting for the Four Freedoms: World War II, 1941-1945 861

Fighting-World War II 864

The Home Front 873

Visions of Postwar Freedom 880

The American Dilemma 884

Voices of Freedom From League of United Latin American Citizens, "World War II and Mexican Americans" (1945), and From Charles H. Wesley, "The Negro Has Always Wanted the Four Freedoms." in What the Negro Wants (1944)… 888

The End of the War 898

23 The United States and the Cold War, 1945-1953 905

Origins of the Cold War 908

The Cold War and the Idea of Freedom 917

The Truman Presidency 922

The Anticommunist Crusade 927

Voices of Freedom From Joseph R. McCarthy, Speech at Wheeling (1950), and From Margaret Chase Smith, Speech in the Senate (1950)… 936

24 An Affluent Society, 1953-1960 940

The Golden Age 942

The Eisenhower Era 957

The Freedom Movement 968

Voices of Freedom From Martin Luther King Jr., Speech at Montgomery, Alabama (December 5, 1955), and From The Southern Manifesto (1956)… 970

The Election of 1960 979

25 The Sixties, 1960-1968 983

The Civil Rights Revolution 985

The Kennedy Years 989

Lyndon Johnson's Presidency 992

The Changing Black Movement 999

Vietnam and the New Left 1002

Voices of Freedom From Barry Goldwater, Speech at Republican National Convention (1964), and From Statement of Purpose, National Organization for Women (1966)… 1010

The New Movements and the Rights Revolution 1014

1968 1024

26 The Triumph of Conservatism, 1969-1988 1030

President Nixon 1031

Vietnam and Watergate 1039

The End of the Golden Age 1043

The Rising Tide of Conservatism 1052

The Reagan Revolution 1058

Voices of Freedom From Barry Commoner, The Closing Circle (1971), and From Richard E. Blakemore, Report on the Sagebrush Rebellion (1979)… 1060

27 From Triumph to Tragedy, 1989-2001 1071

The Post-Cold War World 1073

Globalization and its Discontents 1080

Culture Wars 1086

Voices of Freedom From Bill Clinton, Speech on Signing of NAFTA (1993), and From Global Exchange, Seattle, Declaration for Global Democracy (December 1993)… 1088

Impeachment and the Election of 2000 1102

The Attacks of September 11 1105

28 A New Century and New Crises 1109

The War on Terror 1110

An American Empire? 1113

The Aftermath of September 11 at Home 1117

The Winds of Change 1120

Voices of Freedom From Opinion of the Court in Obergefell v. Hodges (2015), and From Barack, Obama, Eulogy at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church (2015)… 1130

Obama in Office 1136

The Obama Presidency 1141

Freedom in the Twenty-First Century 1150

Suggested Reading A-1

The Declaration of Independence (1776) A-41

The Constitution of the United States (1787) A-45

Glossary A-65

Credits A-99

Index A-103

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