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Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
General of the Army: George C. Marshall, Soldier and Statesman

General of the Army: George C. Marshall, Soldier and Statesman

by Ed Cray
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As the U.S. Army's Chief of staff through World War II, George Catlett Marshall (1880-1959) organized the military mobilization of unprecedented number of Americans and shaped the Allied strategy that defeated first Nazi Germany, then Imperial Japan. As President Truman's Secretary of State, and later as his Secretary of Defense during the Korean War, Marshall the statesman created the European Recovery Act (known as the Marshall Plan) and made possible the Berlin Airlift. Ed Cray in this masterful biography brings us face-to-face with a genuine American hero and the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780815410423
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 07/01/2000
Edition description: 1ST COOPER
Pages: 864
Sales rank: 445,611
Product dimensions: 6.08(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.67(d)

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General of the Army: George C. Marshall, Soldier and Statesman 4.3 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 7 reviews.
jmgallen More than 1 year ago
I had long been looking for a full life biography of Gen. George C. Marshall and found it in this book. It is thorough (over 800 pages) and smoothly progresses from his youth, through VMI, World War I, advance through the ranks to Chief of Staff, World War II and the State and Defense departments. Author Ed Cray has crafted a balanced narrative that covers the many facets of Marshall’s career without being particularly partisan for or against his subject. “The Great One” as Harry Truman called him, George Marshall managed to maintain his integrity and position even when opposing his superiors. An early manifestation of this trait was his confrontation of Gen. Pershing during World War I. He would continue with two presidents, FDR and Truman, American and British officers and Winston Churchill. It is a tribute to his character that his expressions of dissenting opinions merely enhanced his stature in the eyes of those with whom he disagreed. On these pages the reader is taken through preparation and strategy sessions of World War II, summit meetings, his unsuccessful mission to China and early post-war foreign relations. Specific issues such as whether to try to take Berlin, the investigation of Pearl Harbor while overlooking Gen. MacArthur’s failings in its wake and the recognition of Israel all evidence the character that made Marshall the Soldier and Statesman that he was. Although I have read much about World War II and the Truman Administration, by the end of this tome I had a much better understanding of the nuances of both World Wars and the early Cold War era. I recommend this work for anyone interested in American war and statecraft during the first half of the Twentieth Century
jcbrunner on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
George Marshall is the organization man's poster boy and typically for organization men not very well known. As planner and organizer of the American victory, he oversaw the build-up of the US army and the creation of the US military industrial complex. US politics had, just as before the US Civil War and WWI, starved the US army of both men and resources, so that at the start of WWII, the US had a weaker army than Bulgaria. Marshall trained, staffed and equipped the US army for both WWII and the Cold War (against the opposition of a stingy, isolationist, irresponsible even unpatriotic Republican party).Ed Cray's excellent biography shows the slow rise of Marshall within the army, a grinding struggle against a ossified command structure that preferred seniority over talent. Marshall was lucky in finding mentors who shielded him and exposed him to more and more demanding tasks. In WWI France, Marshall planned one of Pershing's logistically complex operations. As an officer instructor in the interwar years, he revolutionized US military education. As Chief of Staff prior and during WWII, Marshall built the US forces from scratch but is also partly responsible for the Pearl Harbour fiasco. The failed US-China policy stains Marshall's record. The US army poured enormous resources into the corrupt hands of fascist dictator Chiang "Peanut" Kai-Shek and alienated the US-friendly Communists. As US China emissary in post-WWII, Marshall was forced into the role of an unhonest broker that resulted in the creation of Communist China. As Truman's secretary of State, Marshall was more successful. He made the Marshall Plan (and thus European recovery and prosperity) a reality. Secretary of Defense during the Korean War, he did provide too few checks to the ego of General MacArthur but backed his removal.Marshall's strength's were his devotion to work and duty, his excellence in planning and officer selection. His weaknesses were a reluctance to interfere when his subordinates ran into troubles and a political naivety towards the master manipulators Roosevelt, Stalin and Chiang Kai-Shek. It is a tribute to mankind that this hard-working, unassuming and quiet man prevailed over the pompous generalissimi.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
I always wanted a good biography and this was a great one on General George Marshall. This book deals with his time as chief of staff, secretary of defense and secretay of state.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
In-Quest More than 1 year ago
I read this book in early 2001. Ever since then I marvel at how little the average American knows or remembers what he did for his country. He ran the American military for President Roosevelt from just prior to America entering World War II until the War was won. He later served as Secretary of State. He came close to commanding the Allied invasion at Normandy but, Roosevelt felt he was more valuable to him in Washington. Many believe if had gotten that command instead of Eisenhower he may have become President of the United States. There was a very unscientific internet poll of the 100 greatest Americans. I recently saw the list. I think it sad that George Marshall is not listed. If you want to read about a person who served his country, this is a great story.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Guest More than 1 year ago
Shows Marshall as a Prime Mover. He was not always at center stage on the world scene but he was the one that enabled others to be there. WWII, Korea, the Cold War would had been radically different had Marshall not been there with possibly catastrophic consequences. His influence extends beyond his lifetime in the way he shaped the State Department and Defense. He was a model for Dean Acheson and Eisenhower strove very hard to duplicate his way of doing business.