Gendered Vulnerability examines the factors that make women politicians more electorally vulnerable than their male counterparts. These factors combine to convince women that they must work harder to win electionsa phenomenon that Jeffrey Lazarus and Amy Steigerwalt term “gendered vulnerability.” Since women feel constant pressure to make sure they can win reelection, they devote more of their time and energy to winning their constituents’ favor. Lazarus and Steigerwalt examine different facets of legislative behavior, finding that female members do a better job of representing their constituents than male members.
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About the Author
Jeffrey Lazarus is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Georgia State University.Amy Steigerwalt is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Georgia State University.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction 1
2 "Coya Come Home": Gendered Vulnerability and Women in Office 19
3 A Constituent Way of Life? Gender and Constituency Services 62
4 Bringing Home the Bacon Is a Woman's Job: Gender and Pork Barrel Spending 86
5 Legislating, Position Taking, and Gendered Vulnerability 111
6 Representing Everyone: How Gender Influences Policy Responsiveness 142
7 Conclusion: "Nevertheless She Persisted": The Story of Women in Elected Office 172