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Sinauer Associates is an imprint of Oxford University Press
Fundamentals of Plant Physiology / Edition 1

Fundamentals of Plant Physiology / Edition 1


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Fundamentals of Plant Physiology is a distillation of the most important principles and empirical findings of plant physiology. Intended for students seeking an accessible introduction to the field, Fundamentals provides the same high standard of scientific accuracy and pedagogical richness for which Taiz et al.'s popular Plant Physiology and Development, Sixth Edition, is renowned, but in a more concise format and pitched at a slightly lower level. Instructors wishing to focus their lectures on basic plant physiology, as opposed to developmental genetics, should find this new streamlined and simplified text ideally suited for their courses.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781605357904
Publisher: Sinauer Associates is an imprint of Oxford University Press
Publication date: 06/05/2018
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 561
Product dimensions: 8.50(w) x 10.70(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Lincoln Taiz, Professor Emeritus of MCD Biology, University of California - Santa Cruz
Eduardo Zeiger, Professor Emeritus, University of California - Los Angeles
Ian Max M ller, Professor Emeritus, Aarhus University, Denmark
Angus Murphy, Professor and Chair, University of Maryland

Table of Contents

1. Plant and Cell Architecture

Plant Life Processes: Unifying Principles

Plant Classification and Life Cycles

Overview of Plant Structure

Plant Cell Types

Plant Cell Organelles

The Nucleus

The Endomembrane System

Independently Dividing Semiautonomous Organelles

The Plant Cytoskeleton

Cell Cycle Regulation

2. Water and Plant Cells

Water in Plant Life

The Structure and Properties of Water

Diffusion and Osmosis

Water Potential

Water Potential of Plant Cells

Cell Wall and Membrane Properties

Plant Water Status

3. Water Balance of Plants

Water in the Soil

Water Absorption by Roots

Water Transport through the Xylem

Water Movement from the Leaf to the Atmosphere

Coupling Leaf Transpiration and Photosynthesis: Light-dependent Stomatal Opening

Water-use Efficiency

Overview: The Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Continuum

4. Mineral Nutrition

Essential Nutrients, Deficiencies, and Plant Disorders

Treating Nutritional Deficiencies

Soil, Roots, and Microbes

5. Assimilation of Inorganic Nutrients

Nitrogen in the Environment

Nitrate Assimilation

Ammonium Assimilation

Amino Acid Biosynthesis

Biological Nitrogen Fixation

Sulfur Assimilation

Phosphate Assimilation

Iron Assimilation

The Energetics of Nutrient Assimilation

6. Solute Transport

Passive and Active Transport

Transport of Ions across Membrane Barriers

Membrane Transport Processes

Membrane Transport Proteins

Ion Transport in Stomatal Opening

Ion Transport in Roots

7. Photosynthesis: The Light Reactions

Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

General Concepts

Key Experiments in Understanding Photosynthesis

Organization of the Photosynthetic Apparatus

Organization of Light-Absorbing Antenna Systems

Mechanisms of Electron Transport

Proton Transport and ATP Synthesis in the Chloroplast

8. Photosynthesis: The Carbon Reactions

The Calvin-Benson Cycle

Photorespiration: The C2 Oxidative Photosynthetic Carbon Cycle

Inorganic Carbon-Concentrating Mechanisms

Inorganic Carbon-Concentrating Mechanisms: The C4 Carbon Cycle

Inorganic Carbon-Concentrating Mechanisms: Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM)

Accumulation and Partitioning of Photosynthates-Starch and Sucrose

9. Photosynthesis: Physiological and Ecological Considerations

Photosynthesis Is Influenced by Leaf Properties

Effects of Light on Photosynthesis in the Intact Leaf

Effects of Temperature on Photosynthesis in the Intact Leaf

Effects of Carbon Dioxide on Photosynthesis in the Intact Leaf

10. Translocation in the Phloem

Patterns of Translocation: Source to Sink

Pathways of Translocation

Materials Translocated in the Phloem

Rates of Movement

The Pressure-Flow Model, a Passive Mechanism for Phloem Transport

Phloem Loading

Phloem Unloading and Sink-to-Source Transition

Photosynthate Distribution: Allocation and Partitioning

Transport of Signaling Molecules

11. Respiration and Lipid Metabolism

Overview of Plant Respiration


The Oxidative Pentose Phosphate Pathway

The Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle

Mitochondrial Electron Transport and ATP Synthesis

Respiration in Intact Plants and Tissues

Lipid Metabolism

12. Signals and Signal Transduction

Temporal and Spatial Aspects of Signaling

Signal Perception and Amplification

Hormones and Plant Development

Phytohormone Metabolism and Homeostasis

Signal Transmission and Cell-Cell Communication

Hormonal Signaling Pathways

13. Signals from Sunlight

Plant Photoreceptors


Phytochrome Responses

Blue-Light Responses and Photoreceptors



The Coaction of Phytochrome, Cryptochrome, and Phototropins

Responses to Ultraviolet Radiation

14. Embryogenesis

Overview of Embryogenesis

Comparative Embryology of Eudicots and Monocots

Formation and Maintenance of Apical Meristems

15. Seed Dormancy, Germination, and Seedling Establishment

Seed Structure

Seed Dormancy

Release from Dormancy

Seed Germination

Mobilization of Stored Reserves

Seedling Establishment

Cell Expansion: Mechanisms and Hormonal Controls

Tropisms: Growth in Response to Directional Stimuli

16. Vegetative Growth and Senescence

The Shoot Apical Meristem

Leaf Development

Differentiation of Epidermal Cell Types

Venation Patterns in Leaves

Shoot Branching and Architecture

Shade Avoidance

Root System Architecture

Plant Senescence

Leaf Abscission

Whole Plant Senescence

17. Flowering and Fruit Development

Floral Evocation: Integrating Environmental Cues

The Shoot Apex and Phase Changes

Photoperiodism: Monitoring Day Length

Vernalization: Promoting Flowering with Cold

Long-distance Signaling Is Involved in Flowering

Floral Meristems and Floral Organ Development

Pollen Development

Female Gametophyte Development in the Ovule

Pollination and Fertilization in Flowering Plants

Fruit Development and Ripening

18. Biotic Interactions

Beneficial Interactions between Plants and Microorganisms

Harmful Interactions of Pathogens and Herbivores with Plants

Inducible Defense Responses to Insect Herbivores

Plant Defenses against Pathogens

Plant Defenses against Other Organisms

19. Abiotic Stress

Defining Plant Stress

Acclimation versus Adaptation

Environmental stressors

Stress-Sensing Mechanisms in Plants

Physiological Mechanisms That Protect Plants against Abiotic Stress

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