Traditional, secular, and fundamentalist—all three categories are contested, yet in their contestation they shape our sensibilities and are mutually implicated, the one with the others. This interplay brings to the foreground more than ever the question of what it means to think and live as Tradition. The Orthodox theologians of the twentieth century, in particular, have emphasized Tradition not as a dead letter but as a living presence of the Holy Spirit. But how can we discern Tradition as living discernment from fundamentalism? What does it mean to live in Tradition when surrounded by something like the “secular”? These essays interrogate these mutual implications, beginning from the understanding that whatever secular or fundamentalist may mean, they are not Tradition, which is historical, particularistic, in motion, ambiguous and pluralistic, but simultaneously not relativistic.
Contributors: R. Scott Appleby, Nikolaos Asproulis, Brandon Gallaher, Paul J. Griffiths, Vigen Guroian, Dellas Oliver Herbel, Edith M. Humphrey, Slavica Jakelić, Nadieszda Kizenko, Wendy Mayer, Brenna Moore, Graham Ward, Darlene Fozard Weaver
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About the Author
Aristotle Papanikolaou is Archbishop Demetrios Chair of Orthodox Theology and Culture and Professor of Theology at Fordham University.
George E. Demacopoulos (Edited By)
George E. Demacopoulos is Fr. John Meyendorff & Patterson Family Chair of Orthodox Christian Studies and Professor of Theology at Fordham University.
R. Scott Appleby is the Marilyn Keough Dean of Notre Dame’s Keough School of Global Affairs. He also serves as lead editor of the Oxford University Press series “Studies in Strategic Peacebuilding.”
Nikolaos Asproulis is deputy director of the Volos Academy for Theological Studies (Volos, Greece) and Lecturer at the Hellenic Open University (Patras, Greece).
Brandon Gallaher is senior lecturer of systematic and comparative theology at the University of Exeter. He is also a deacon of the Ecumenical Patriarchate and served at the Eastern Orthodox Holy and Great Council as a Theological Subject Expert in the Ecumenical Patriarchate Press Office (Crete, 2016).
Paul J. Griffiths was born in England and, since 1983, has held academic positions at various US universities, including the Warren Chair of Catholic Theology at Duke University (2007–18). In 2019 he retired from academe.
Vigen Guroian is professor of religious studies at the University of Virginia and senior fellow of both the Russell Kirk Center for Cultural Renewal in Mecosta, Michigan, and the Center on Law and Religion at Emory University.
Dellas Oliver Herbel is a full-time chaplain for the Air National Guard. He received his PhD in historical theology from Saint Louis University in 2009.
Edith M. Humphrey is William F. Professor of New Testament at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary and executive secretary of the Orthodox Theological Society of America. She is the author of eight books and numerous articles on topics as diverse as Christian Spirituality, apocalyptic writings, and C. S. Lewis and has started to write children’s novels.
Slavica Jakelić is associate professor of humanities and social thought at Christ College, the honors college at Valparaiso University. She is the author of Collectivistic Religions: Religion, Choice, and Identity in Late Modernity (London: Routledge, 2010).
Nadieszda Kizenko is professor of history and chair of the history department at the State University of New York, Albany. Her first book, A Prodigal Saint: Father John of Kronstadt and the Russian People (University Park: Penn State University Press, 2000), won the Heldt Prize from the Association for Women in Slavic Studies.
Wendy Mayer is professor and associate dean for research at the Australian Lutheran College, University of Divinity. She is also a research fellow in Biblical and Ancient Studies at the University of South Africa.
Brenna Moore is an associate professor of theology at Fordham University and the author of Sacred Dread: Raïssa Maritain, the Allure of Suffering, and the French Catholic Revival (1905–1944) (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2013).
Graham Ward is Regius Professor of Divinity at the University of Oxford. He is the author of How the Light Gets In: Ethical Life (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016).
Darlene Fozard Weaver is professor of theology at Duquesne University, where she leads the Center for Catholic Faith and Culture. She is the author of The Acting Person and Christian Moral Life (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2011).
Table of Contents
Introduction: Being as Tradition
Aristotle Papanikolaou and George E. Demacopoulos | 1
Secularism: The Golden Lie
Graham Ward | 21
Collectivistic Christianities and Pluralism: An Inquiry into Agency and Responsibility
Slavica Jakelić | 36
What Difference Do Women Make? Retelling the Story of Catholic Responses to Secularism
Brenna Moore | 60
The Secular Pilgrimage of Orthodoxy in America
Vigen Guroian | 80
Saeculum–Ecclesia–Caliphate: An Eternal Golden Braid
Paul J. Griffiths | 94
A Secularism of the Royal Doors: Toward an Eastern Orthodox Christian Theology of Secularism
Brandon Gallaher | 108
Fundamentalism: Not Just a Cautionary Tale
Edith M. Humphrey | 133
Resolving the Tension between Tradition and Restorationism in American Orthodoxy
Dellas Oliver Herbel | 152
Fundamentalists, Rigorists, and Traditionalists: An Unorthodox Trinity
R. Scott Appleby | 165
“Orthodoxy or Death”: Religious Fundamentalism during the Twentieth and Twenty-first Centuries
Nikolaos Asproulis | 180
Confession and the Sacrament of Penance after Communism
Nadieszda Kizenko | 204
Conscience and Catholic Identity
Darlene Fozard Weaver | 223
Fundamentalism as a Preconscious Response to a Perceived Threat
Wendy Mayer | 241
Acknowledgments | 261
Contributors | 263
Index | 265