Frontiers of Labor: Comparative Histories of the United States and Australia

Frontiers of Labor: Comparative Histories of the United States and Australia

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Overview


Alike in many aspects of their histories, Australia and the United States diverge in striking ways when it comes to their working classes, labor relations, and politics. Greg Patmore and Shelton Stromquist curate innovative essays that use transnational and comparative analysis to explore the two nations' differences. The contributors examine five major areas: World War I's impact on labor and socialist movements; the history of coerced labor; patterns of ethnic and class identification; forms of working-class collective action; and the struggles related to trade union democracy and independent working-class politics. Throughout, many essays highlight how hard-won transnational ties allowed Australians and Americans to influence each other's trade union and political cultures. Contributors: Robin Archer, Nikola Balnave, James R. Barrett, Bradley Bowden, Verity Burgmann, Robert Cherny, Peter Clayworth, Tom Goyens, Dianne Hall, Benjamin Huf, Jennie Jeppesen, Marjorie A. Jerrard, Jeffrey A. Johnson, Diane Kirkby, Elizabeth Malcolm, Patrick O'Leary, Greg Patmore, Scott Stephenson, Peta Stevenson-Clarke, Shelton Stromquist, and Nathan Wise

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780252083457
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Publication date: 03/21/2018
Series: Working Class in American History Series
Pages: 394
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author


Greg Patmore is a professor of business and labour history and chair of the Business and Labour History Group and Co-operative Research Group in the School of Business at the University of Sydney. His books include Worker Voice: Employee Representation in the Workplace in Australia, Canada, Germany, the UK, and the US, 1914-1939. Shelton Stromquist is professor emeritus of history at the University of Iowa. He is the author of a number of books including Reinventing 'the People: The Progressive Movement, the Class Problem and the Origins of Modern Liberalism.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

US and Australian Labor: A Comparative and Transnational Perspective Greg Patmore Shelton Stromquist 1

Part 1 The Great War: Repression and Political Countermobilization

Quite Like Ourselves: Opposition to Military Compulsion during the Great War in the United States and Australia Robin Archer 15

Workers against Warfare: The American and Australian Experiences before and during World War I Verity Burgmann Jeffrey A. Johnson 39

Domestic "Dogs of War" Unleashed: The Comparative Fates of Municipal Labor and Socialist Politics in the United States and Australia during the Great War Shelton Stromquist 61

In Not a Few Respects, a Common History: Women, Wartime Lawmaking, and the Prosecution of Dissenters Diane Kirkby 82

Part 2 Varieties of Labor Coercion

From Whips to Wages: From Coercive to Incentive-Driven Labor Jennie Jeppesen 107

Union-Avoidance Strategies in the Meat Industry in Australia and the United States Marjorie A. Jerrard Patrick O'Leary 128

Part 3 Ethnicity and Class Identity: The Irish Diaspora in Australia and the United States

Catholic Irish Australia and the Labor Movement: Race in Australia and Nationalism in Ireland, 1880S-1920S Elizabeth Malcolm Dianne Hall 149

Gatekeepers and "Americanizers": Irish Americans and the Creation of a Multicultural Labor Movement in the United States, 1880S-1920S James R. Barrett 168

Part 4 Working-Class Collective Action and Labor Regulation

Causes of Railroad Labor Conflict: The Case of Queensland, Australia, and the Northern US Plains, 1880-1900 Bradley Bowden Peta Stevenson-Clarke 191

Comparative Mutinies: Case Studies of Working-Class Agency in the 2nd Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment, 1863, and the Australian Imperial Force, 1918 Nathan Wise 209

Part 5 Economic Democracy and Working-Class Institutions

How to Build a Trade Union Oligarchy: Guidance from the United States and Australia, 1886-1970 Scott Stephenson 227

The Experience of Labor in the Age of Reform: Workers' Subjectivity, Welfare Legislation, and Liberal Hegemony in 1930s Australia and the United States Benjamin Huf 246

Controlling Consumption: A Comparative History of Rochdale Consumer Cooperatives in Australia and the United States Greg Patmore Nikola Balnave 266

Part 6 Transnational Working-Class Politics

Anarchy at the Antipodes: Australian Anarchists and Their American Connections, 1885-1914 Tom Goyens 289

An Agitator Abroad: P. H. Hickey, Industrial Unionism, and Socialism in the United States, New Zealand, and Australia, 1900-1930 Peter Clayworth 309

Harry Bridges's Australia, Australia's Harry Bridges Robert Cherny 328

Conclusion: Harvesting the Fruits of Transnational and Comparative History Sheltan Stromquist Greg Patmore 347

Contributors 353

Index 359

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