From the Pit to the Market: Politics and the Diamond Economy in Sierra Leone

From the Pit to the Market: Politics and the Diamond Economy in Sierra Leone

by Diane Frost

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Overview

Diamonds have played an important role in the political economy of Sierra Leone, as was highlighted by the use of 'conflict' or 'blood' diamonds in the decade-long civil war. Conflict diamonds were used not only by rebels, military groups and others inside Sierra Leone and Liberia, but also by groups extending beyond the borders of West Africa: global criminal networks, international terror groups, and 'legitimate' transnational companies. The diamond trade in Sierra Leone has also been subject to exploitation by global business interests, a form of corporate neo-colonialist predation that continues today and which has curbed the country's growth, while recent newspaper headlines also demonstrate the currency of rough diamonds. Sierra Leone's diamonds have been used to finance factions in Lebanon's civil war, criminal networks in the US and Russia, and al-Qaeda. The marginalization and exclusion of Sierra Leone, this book argues, mean that it, and other such resource-rich nations, remain reliant on aid. Diane Frost is Lecturer in the Department of Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology, University of Liverpool

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781847010605
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer, Limited
Publication date: 11/15/2012
Series: African Issues Series
Pages: 248
Product dimensions: 5.40(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Diane Frost is Lecturer in the Department of Sociology, Social Policy and Criminology, University of Liverpool

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

Acronyms and Abbreviations xi

Glossary xiii

Acknowledgments xv

Preface xvii

Introduction 1

Part I Sierra Leone & Diamonds 25

1 Colonialism, Post-colonialism & Resource Predation 27

2 The Political Economy of Diamonds, Governance & Civil War 59

3 Digging for Diamonds 79

Work, Workers & Hidden Voices c. 1930s-1990s

4 The Grass Roots & Social Organisation 107

Part II The Global Context 123

5 Diamond Wheeling & Dealing 125

From the Pit to the Global Market

6 Parallel Economies, Global Criminal Networks & Sierra Leone Diamonds 149

7 Conclusion: The New 'Scramble for Africa' 176

Diamonds: 'A Blessing or a Curse'?

Appendix A The Diamond Chain and Pipeline 196

Appendix B A Note on Methodology 197

Appendix C Hidden Voices - Selection of Interviewees 199

Appendix D Movement of Concerned Kono Youth (MOCKY) 201

Bibliography 203

Index 221

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