Freedom As a Value: A Critique of the Ethical Theory of Jean-Paul Sartre

Freedom As a Value: A Critique of the Ethical Theory of Jean-Paul Sartre

by David Detmer


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This dramatic re-evaluation of Sartre’s ethical theory will establish its author as a leading American exponent of phenomenology and win many new followers for Sartre in the English-speaking world.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780812690835
Publisher: Open Court Publishing Company
Publication date: 09/07/2001
Pages: 276
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.62(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1Freedom5
1.2Sartre's Arguments for Freedom6
1.2.1The First Argument: Consciousness is Not What it Is6 Rejection of the Phenomenological Reduction9 Transcendence of the Ego16, Roles, Psychic States, and Emotions22
1.2.2The Second Argument: Consciousness Is What it is Not25 Experience of Absence31
1.3The Nature of Freedom35
1.3.1The Omnipotence Objection36 to Freedom39 of Adversity43 Condition49 Relations With Others54 Omnipotence Objection Answered55
1.3.2The Inconsistency Objection56 Senses of Freedom57 Sartre Recognize a Need to Distinguish Between Different Senses of Freedom?58 Sartre in Fact Distinguish Between Different Senses of Freedom?59 Sartre's Distinctions Between Different Senses of Freedom Relevant?60 Freedom and Practical Freedom62 Objection to Sartre's Ontological Freedom69 Difficulties with Sartre's Practical Freedom70 Inconsistency Objection Answered76
1.3.3The Radical Break Objection93's Testimony93 of the Radical Break Theorists96 Conversion102 Radical Break Objection Answered131
Chapter 2Values133
2.2The Subjectivity of Values and the Subjectivity of Value-Judgments135
2.2.1The Compatibility of the Subjectivity of Values and the Objectivity of Value-Judgments137
2.3Sartre's Arguments for Ethical Subjectivism144
2.3.1The Experience of Values as "Lacks"144 of the Argument from the Experience of Values as "Lacks"146
2.3.2The Distinction Between Facts and Values148 of the Argument from the Distinction Between Facts and Values149
2.3.3The Hierarchy of Projects150 of the Argument from the Hierarchy of Projects152
2.3.4The Nonexistence of God153 of the Argument from the Nonexistence of God154
2.3.5Irresolvable Moral Dilemmas155 of the Argument from Irresolvable Moral Dilemmas160
2.4General Criticisms of Sartre's Ethical Subjectivism163
2.4.1The Moral Equivalence of All Free Actions164
2.4.2The Authentic Torturer Problem165
2.4.3The Groundlessness of the Value of Authenticity166
2.4.4The Absurdity of Total Subjectivism167
2.4.5The Coefficient of Adversity in Our Value Experience168
Chapter 3Freedom as a Value177
3.2Sartre's Ethical Objectivism178
3.2.1Freedom and Needs181
3.3The Problem of Justification186
3.3.1Intuition186 Does Sartre Mean by "Intuition"?187 Sartre's Claims About Intuition True?187 Intuition Give Us Ethical Knowledge?196
3.4Subjectivism and Objectivism in Sartre203
3.5Sartre's Contribution to Ethics207

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