Forensic Chemistry

Forensic Chemistry

by David Newton

Paperback

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Overview

Forensic Chemistry examines the most important recent developments in this field and their contribution to crime investigation. The book explores the expanding array of instruments, on-site equipment, chemicals, and other means with which evidence is examined, as well as state-of-the-art forensic procedures.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780816078004
Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
Publication date: 09/01/2008
Series: The New Chemistry Series
Pages: 208
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.80(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range: 11 - 17 Years

Table of Contents


Introduction ix
1 The Origins of Forensic Science 1 The Early Years of Forensic Science 2 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930) 4 Advances in the 19th Century 4 The Scope of Forensic Chemistry 10
2 Fingerprinting 11 The History of Fingerprinting 12 Sir Edward Henry (1850-1931) 14 General Principles of Fingerprinting 15 Fingerprinting Systems 18 Fingerprint Detection 20 Powder Tests 22 Chemical Tests 24 Light Tests 29 Brian Dalrymple (1947- ) 30
3 Forensic Serology 32 Blood Types 33 Mathieu Joseph Bonaventure Orfila (1787-1853) 34 Polymorphic Proteins and Isoenzymes 40 Philip Levine (1900-1987) 42 Characterization of Bloodstains 47 Bloodstain Patterns 55 Testing for Semen and Saliva 59
4 Toxicology and Drug Testing 64 Alcohol and the Human Body 65 American Academy of Forensic Sciences 66 Testing for Blood Alcohol Concentration 70 Robert Borkenstein (1912-2002) 74 Testing for Drugs 80 Testing for Poisons 88 Confirmatory Tests 89 Mikhail Semenovich Tswett (1872-1919) 92
5 Arson and Explosives Investigations 100 Arson as an Economic and Social Problem 100 Arson Investigations 101 Paul Leland Kirk (1902-1970) 114 Explosives Investigations 116 Richard G. Livesay (1921- ) 128
6 DNA Fingerprinting 131 An Introduction to DNA 132 Chemistry Explains Biology 135 Applications of DNA Testing 138 Forensic DNA Typing 141 Sir Alec Jeffreys (1950- ) 142 Procedures for DNA Typing 147 Methods of DNA Typing 151 Kary B. Mullis (1944- ) 163 Issues Involved in DNA Typing 164 Conclusion 169 Glossary 171 Further Reading 177 Index 179

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