Fairness and Freedom: A History of Two Open Societies: New Zealand and the United States

Fairness and Freedom: A History of Two Open Societies: New Zealand and the United States

by David Hackett Fischer

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Overview

Fairness and Freedom compares the history of two open societies--New Zealand and the United States--with much in common. Both have democratic polities, mixed-enterprise economies, individuated societies, pluralist cultures, and a deep concern for human rights and the rule of law. But all of these elements take different forms, because constellations of value are far apart. The dream of living free is America's Polaris; fairness and natural justice are New Zealand's Southern Cross. Fischer asks why these similar countries went different ways. Both were founded by English-speaking colonists, but at different times and with disparate purposes. They lived in the first and second British Empires, which operated in very different ways. Indians and Maori were important agents of change, but to different ends. On the American frontier and in New Zealand's Bush, material possibilities and moral choices were not the same. Fischer takes the same comparative approach to parallel processes of nation-building and immigration, women's rights and racial wrongs, reform causes and conservative responses, war-fighting and peace-making, and global engagement in our own time--with similar results. On another level, this book expands Fischer's past work on liberty and freedom. It is the first book to be published on the history of fairness. And it also poses new questions in the old tradition of history and moral philosophy. Is it possible to be both fair and free? In a vast array of evidence, Fischer finds that the strengths of these great values are needed to correct their weaknesses. As many societies seek to become more open--never twice in the same way, an understanding of our differences is the only path to peace.


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199912957
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 02/10/2012
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
File size: 9 MB

About the Author

David Hackett Fischer teaches history at Brandeis University. His books include The Great Wave, Albion's Seed, and Liberty and Freedom. Washington's Crossing was a New York Times bestseller and won the Pulitzer Prize in 2005. Champlain's Dream was an international bestseller, and won McGill's Cundill Award for Excellence in 2008.

Hometown:

Wayland, Massachusetts

Date of Birth:

December 2, 1935

Place of Birth:

Baltimore, Maryland

Education:

A.B., Princeton University, 1958; Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University, 1962

Table of Contents

PREFACE A Voyage of Discovery INTRODUCTION Fairness and Freedom COLONIAL ORIGINS Settler Societies Two British Empires Indians and Maori Frontier and Bush NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Federalists and Centralists Immigration: Voluntary and Assisted Women's Rights: Two Feminist Traditions Racial Wrongs: Struggles for Freedom and Justice Lib-Labs and Progressives WORLD AFFAIRS External Relations, Foreign Affairs Long Slump and Great Crash Two Military Traditions World Crisis and Restructuring CONCLUSION Learning to be Fair and Free APPENDICES Fairness as a Philosophical Problem: The "Original Position" of John Rawls Fairness as a Behavioral Problem: An Animal Instinct? Fairness as a Mathematical Problem: The Problem of Fair Division HISTORIOGRAPHY New World Societies: Comparative Approaches BIBLIOGRAPHY Primary and Secondary Sources NOTES ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

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