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Ethical Questions: East and West is an anthology of source material from various Eastern and Western traditions, addressing fundamental and enduring questions in moral philosophy. It is intended for use in undergraduate level comparative ethics courses. Each section begins with an introductory essay in which the leading ethical questions and their responses from different traditions are presented in overview. Sections are centered around ethical questions such as, Who Am I? What Ought I to Do? What Kind of Person Ought I to Be? Questions of religion and morality, freedom, and the just society are also included. Ancient and modern sources are examined, ranging from the Buddha, Aristotle, and Upanishads to Kant, Simone de Beauvoir, and Alasdair MacIntyre. Ethical Questions provides a comprehensive, comparative introduction to key ethical concepts, stressing the importance of diverse traditions in the global community, and encouraging understanding between and among traditions.
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About the Author
Bina Gupta is professor of philosophy and director of the South Asia Studies Area and Language Center at the University of Missouri, and co-editor with J. N. Mohanty of Philosophical Questions: East and West (Rowman&Littlefield, 2000).
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 General Introduction
Chapter 2 Who Am I?
Chapter 3 1.Introduction
Chapter 4 Chandogya Upanishad, The Nature of the Self
Chapter 5 Katha Upanisad, Nachiketas and Death
Chapter 6 Plato, The Allegory of the Cave.
Chapter 7 Thomas Hobbes, Egoism and Human Nature
Chapter 8 Mencius, Human Nature
Chapter 9 Simone de Beauvoir, Women as the Second Sex
Chapter 10 Gautama Buddha, King Milinda and Nagasena on Annatta
Chapter 11 III. What Ought I to Do?
Chapter 12 Introduction
Chapter 13 The Bible, The Ten Commandments
Chapter 14 Immanuel Kant, The Categorical Imperative
Chapter 15 John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism
Chapter 16 Mo Tzu, Universal Love
Chapter 17 The Mahabharata, Precepts for Life
Chapter 18 The Bhagavad Gita, Duty in the Gita
Chapter 19 Edward Conze, The Five Buddhist Precepts and the Rules of Monastic Restraint
Chapter 20 What Kind of Person Ought I to Be?
Chapter 21 Introduction
Chapter 22 Aristotle, Virtue Ethics
Chapter 23 Gautama Buddha, The Teachings of the Buddha
Chapter 24 Gautama Buddha, The Five Cardinal Virtues
Chapter 25 Confucius, The Teachings of Confucius
Chapter 26 Bhagavad Gita, Virtues in the Gita
Chapter 27 Alasdair MacIntyre, The Nature of the Virtues
Chapter 28 Religion and Morality, Freedom, and Just Society
Chapter 29 Introduction
Chapter 30 Is Religion the Source of Morality?
Chapter 31 Emile Brunner, The Divine Imperative
Chapter 32 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Religion and Morality
Chapter 33 Herbert Fingarette, Human Community as Holy Rite
Chapter 34 Are We Free?
Chapter 35 St. Augustine, Evil, Providence, Foreknowledge, and Free Will
Chapter 36 Aristotle, Continence and Incontinence
Chapter 37 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Karma and Freedom
Chapter 38 Edward Conze, Emancipation and Nirvana
Chapter 39 Lao-tzu, Tao Te Ching
Chapter 40 What is a Just Society?
Chapter 41 Mahatma Gandhi, Swaraj—Freedom and Self-Rule
Chapter 42 2. John Rawls, Justice as Fairness