Pub. Date:
Essential Assessment: Six Tenets for Bringing Hope, Efficacy, and Achievement to the Classroom-deepen teachers' understanding of assessment to meet standards and generate a culture of learning

Essential Assessment: Six Tenets for Bringing Hope, Efficacy, and Achievement to the Classroom-deepen teachers' understanding of assessment to meet standards and generate a culture of learning


View All Available Formats & Editions
Choose Expedited Shipping at checkout for delivery by Tuesday, October 26


While much research has revealed which assessment practices have the most positive impact on student achievement and instruction, out-of-date, unproductive practices, which students find disengaging and disheartening, still persist. Discover how to use the power of assessment to instill hope, efficacy, and achievement in your students. With this research-based resource, you’ll explore six essential tenets of assessment—assessment purpose, communication of assessment results, accurate interpretation, assessment architecture, instructional agility, and student investment—that will help deepen your understanding of assessment to not only meet standards but also enhance students’ academic success and self-fulfillment.


  • Interpret the research-based tenets of assessment that are necessary to maximize all students’ learning.
  • Gain advice and strategies for immediately acting on the six essential assessment tenets, including how to communicate assessment results to give feedback that produces constructive responses.
  • Discover why it is vital that assessment practices build students’ and teachers’ hope, efficacy, and achievement.
  • Consider scenarios that illustrate traditional, outmoded assessment practices and revised scenarios that feature practices that better reflect modern assessment needs.
  • Reflect on questions related to the content of each chapter and study next steps that teaching teams can take.



Chapter 1: Hope, Efficacy, and Achievement

Chapter 2: Assessment Purpose

Chapter 3: Communication of Assessment Results

Chapter 4: Accurate Interpretation

Chapter 5: Assessment Architecture

Chapter 6: Instructional Agility

Chapter 7: Student Investment



Related collections and offers

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781943874491
Publisher: Solution Tree Press
Publication date: 01/09/2017
Pages: 176
Sales rank: 747,711
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

About the Authors xi

Introduction 1

A Brief Inventory 2

Past Practice 2

Mixed Messages 3

New Aims 4

Assessment at the Center 5

The Framework 6

About This Book 7

It's Personal 8

1 Hope, Efficacy, and Achievement 11

A New Direction 14

Measuring What Matters Most 15

Measuring in Ways Conducive to Learning 16

Research Synthesis 16

Hope 17

Efficacy 18

Achievement 20

Hope, Efficacy, and Achievement in the Classroom 20

Building Relationships 21

Using Assessment Processes to Build Relationships 22

Creating the Culture 23

Pause and Ponder 26

2 Assessment Purpose 27

Understanding the First Tenet: Assessment Purpose 29

The Evolution of the Modern Assessment Paradigm 30

The Formative Purpose 31

The Summative Purpose 32

Research Synthesis 33

Formative Assessment 34

Summative Assessment 35

Assessment Purpose in the Classroom 36

It's About Use, Not Labels 36

Formative Targets, Summative Standards 36

Formative Imbalance 37

Pause and Ponder 39

3 Communication of Results 41

Understanding the Second Tenet: Communication of Results 43

Formative Feedback 44

Summative Feedback 45

Research Synthesis 46

The Power of Feedback 46

Motive, Opportunity, and Means 48

Personal Triggers Instead of Generic Impact 49

The More We Know, the Less We Know 49

Grading and Reporting 50

Communication of Results in the Classroom 51

Formative Feedback 51

Summative Feedback (Grading) 53

Pause and Ponder 58

4 Accurate Interpretation 59

Understanding the Third Tenet: Accurate Interpretation 61

Research Synthesis 63

Accuracy and Validity 63

Accuracy and Reliability 65

Accurate Interpretation in the Classroom 69

Establish Clear Criteria and Identify Evidence to Monitor Proficiency and Progress 69

Use Classroom Observations to Maintain Deliberate Focus and Monitor Student Responses 69

Collaborate During the Development Phase 70

Collaborate During the Appraisal Phase 70

Pause and Ponder 75

5 Assessment Architecture 77

Understanding the Fourth Tenet: Assessment Architecture 79

Research Synthesis 81

Planned Assessment 82

Purposeful Assessment 83

Assessment Architecture in the Classroom 83

Understanding Standards 84

Isolating Learning Progressions 85

Outlining Levels of Complexity 85

Articulating Learning Intentions: Targets and Success Criteria 87

Choosing the Best Assessment Method 88

Designing Measurement Tools 91

Pause and Ponder 94

6 Instructional Agility 95

Understanding the Fifth Tenet: Instructional Agility 97

Research Synthesis 98

Asking Quality Questions 99

Employing Reciprocal Questions 101

Engaging in Class Dialogue 101

Analyzing Responses 102

Generating Sufficient Sample Sizes of Quality Evidence 103

Instructional Agility in the Classroom 104

Preplanning Questions 105

Generating Engaging Conversations 105

Analyzing Errors 108

Promoting Continued Thinking 108

Pause and Ponder 110

7 Student Investment 111

Understanding the Sixth Tenet: Student Investment 113

Research Synthesis 114

Promoting Self-Regulation and Assessment 115

Getting to Know Learners 118

Promoting a Growth Mindset 118

Student Investment in the Classroom 120

The Forethought, Planning, and Activation Phase 123

The Monitoring Phase 125

The Control Phase 127

The Reaction and Reflection Phase 128

Pause and Ponder 130

Epilogue 131

Risk Taking 133

Productive Failure 133

Celebrated Successes 134

Leadership When Assessment Is at the Center 136

Read and Learn 137

Co-construct a Vision for Assessment With Teachers 137

Pilot Practices and Reflect on Impact 138

Ask Students 138

Provide Resources and Focus 138

A New Emphasis for Assessment 138

References & Resources 141

Index 153

Customer Reviews