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This text explores the pervasive influence of pacifism on Victorian feminism. Drawing on previously unused source material, it provides an account of Victorian women who campaigned for peace and the many feminists who incorporated pacifist ideas into their writing on women and women's work. It explores feminists' ideas about the role of women within the empire, their eligibility for citizenship and their ability to act as moral guardians in public life. Brown shows that such ideas made use - in varying ways - of gendered understandings of the role of force and the relevance of arbitration and other pacifist strategies. This title examines the work of a wide range of individuals and organizations, from well-known feminists such as Lydia Becker, Josephine Butler and Milicent Garrett Fawcett, to lesser-known figures such as the Quaker pacifists Ellen Robinson and Priscilla Peckover. Women's work within male-dominated organizations, such as the Peace Society and the International Arbitration and Peace Association, is covered alongside single-sex organizations, such as the International Council of Women. Also reviewed are the arguments put forward in feminist journals like the 'Englishwoman's Review' and the 'Women's Penny Paper'. Brown uncovers a wide range of pacifist, internationalist and anti-imperialist strands in Victorian feminist thought, focusing on how these ideas developed within the political and organizational context of the time. This book should be of interest to anyone studying 19th-century social movements and to those with an interest in the history of British feminism.
Table of ContentsClaiming a second empire: imperial expansion and its critics.
Establishing settler dominance: Canada - "If they treat the Indians humanely, all will be well"
Australasia - one or two "honorable cannibals" in the house?
South Africa - "The Hottentot at the hustings, or the Hottentot in the wilds with his gun on his shoulder".
Entrenching settler control: Canada - "A vote the same as any other person"
Australasia - "Australia for the white man"
South Africa - saving the white voters from being "utterly swamped".