Effect of Changing Disinfectants on Distribution System Lead and Copper Releases: Part 1 -- Literature Review available in Paperback
- Pub. Date:
- American Water Works Association
The objective of this research is to determine the effects of changing disinfectants (from free chlorine to chloramines and vice versa) on rates and concentrations of metals leaching from lead, brass, and copper distribution system components. Within the next five years, more than 100 sizeable utilities will undergo disinfection conversion to chloramines. Part 1 (Literature Review) was published within a few months of the start of the project in order to provide timely information to utilities concerning the effects of changing disinfectants and compliance with the Lead and Copper Rule. Part 2 (Laboratory Studies, Pipe Loop Testing, and Field Sampling) should be available by early 2009, after completion of the laboratory and field sampling that will be conducted through May of 2008.
|Publisher:||American Water Works Association|
|Product dimensions:||8.30(w) x 10.70(h) x 0.20(d)|
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 - Background
Chapter 2 - How Does a Change in Disinfection Impact Lead Release?
Chapter 3 - How Does a Change in Disinfection Affect Copper Release?
Chapter 4 - Does Galvanic Couplining Affect Metals Release With the Change in Disinfectant?
Chapter 5 - How Does the Change in Disinfectant Affect the Nature of Protective Scales Formes on Plumbing Materials?
Chapter 6 - Historically, What Have Been The Effects Of Various Forms Of Treatment On Galvanic Coupling Corrosion And Metals Release After Disinfectant Changes In The Distribution System?
Chapter 7 - What Effect Does Background Water Chemistry Have On Metals Release And Galvanic Coupling?
Chapter 8 - What Effect Does A Change In Disinfectant Have On Redox?
Chapter 9 - Summary Of Preliminary Findings And Key Research Issues