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Edith Stein and Companions: On the Way to Auschwitz

Edith Stein and Companions: On the Way to Auschwitz

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On the same summer day in 1942, Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein) and hundreds of other Catholic Jews were arrested in Holland by the occupying Nazis. One hundred thirteen of those taken into custody, several of them priests and nuns, perished at Auschwitz and other concentration camps. They were murdered in retaliation for the anti-Nazi pastoral letter written by the Dutch Catholic bishops.

While Saint Teresa Benedicta is the most famous member of this group, having been canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1998, all of them deserve the title of martyr, for they were killed not only because they were Jews but also because of the faith of the Church, which had compelled the Dutch bishops to protest the Nazi regime. Through extensive research in both original and secondary sources, P.W.F.M. Hamans has compiled these martyrs’ biographies, several of them detailed and accompanied by photographs. Included in this volume are some remarkable conversion stories, including that of Edith Stein, the German philosopher who had entered the Church in 1922 and later became a Carmelite nun, taking the name Sister Teresa Benedicta of the Cross.

Several of the witnesses chronicled here had already suffered for their faith in Christ before falling victim to Hitler’s “Final Solution”, enduring both rejection by their own people, including family members, and persecution by the so-called Christian society in which they lived. Among these were those who, also like Sister Teresa Benedicta, perceived the cross they were being asked to bear and accepted it willingly for the salvation of the world. Illustrated

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781586173364
Publisher: Ignatius Press
Publication date: 04/01/2010
Edition description: First Edition
Pages: 310
Product dimensions: 5.20(w) x 7.90(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Fr. Paul Hamans is a diocesan priest in Roermond, Netherlands, where he teaches Church history at the seminary there. He has a doctorate in history from the University of Augsburg, Germany, and is an expert on the Dutch martyrs of the twentieth century. His other publications include History of the Catholic Church in the Netherlands.

Table of Contents

Foreword Ralph McInerny vii

Introduction xi

Chapter 1 The Murder of Catholic Jews in Response to the Dutch Bishops 1

Chapter 2 The Stein Sisters 58

Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, O.C.D. 60

Rosa Maria Agnes Adelheid Stein 87

Chapter 3 Dr. Ruth Renate Frederike Kantorowicz 95

Chapter 4 The Goldschmidt Sisters 105

Annemarie Louise Sara 105

Elfriede Karoline Ida Sara 105

Chapter 5 Alice Maria Reis 115

Chapter 6 Sister Maria Aloysia Löwenfels, P.H.J.C. 123

Chapter 7 Sister Mirjam Michaelis, C.S.J. (Trier) 141

Chapter 8 The Löb Family 154

Sister Hedwigis, O.C.S.O. 167

Father Ignatius, O.C.S.O. 169

Brother Linus, O.C.S.O. 171

Sister Maria-Theresia, O.C.S.O. 173

Father Nivardus, O.C.S.O. 175

Hans Jozef 177

Chapter 9 Dr. Lisamaria Meirowsky 181

Chapter 10 The Bock Family 195

Sister Charitas, S.S.C.J. 196

Edith 209

Helene Luise 211

Hermine Merkelbach-Van Enkhuizen-Grünbaum 212

Chapter 11 Elvira Maria Josepha Sanders-Platz 217

Chapter 12 The Hamburger (de Man) Family 223

Chapter 13 Brother Wolfgang Rosenbaum, O.F.M. 232

Chapter 14 Sister Judith Mendes da Costa, O.P. 241

Appendix: List of Murdered Catholic Jews 261

Bibliography 287

Index 297

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