Easy French Phrase Book NEW EDITION: Over 700 Phrases for Everyday Use

Easy French Phrase Book NEW EDITION: Over 700 Phrases for Everyday Use

by Heather McCoy

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Overview

Here's the perfect companion for tourists and business travelers in France and other French-speaking locales. With over 700 French phrases and sentences, this book offers fast, effective communications for everyday situations that range from asking directions and renting a car to finding an ATM and ordering dinner.
An easy study guide as well as a handy reference, this user-friendly book features completely up-to-date terms for modern telecommunications. Contents are organized for quick access to phrases related to greetings, transportation, shopping, emergencies, and other common circumstances. A phonetic pronunciation accompanies each phrase.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780486499024
Publisher: Dover Publications
Publication date: 10/17/2012
Series: Dover Language Guides French
Edition description: New edition
Pages: 96
Product dimensions: 5.00(w) x 8.00(h) x (d)

About the Author


Heather McCoy is the Director of the Basic Language Program at Penn State University. She is the author of five other Dover French Language titles.

Read an Excerpt

Easy French Phrase Book

Over 700 Phrases for Everyday Use


By Heather McCoy

Dover Publications, Inc.

Copyright © 2012 Dover Publications, Inc.
All rights reserved.
ISBN: 978-0-486-31031-2



CHAPTER 1

Greetings and Everyday Expressions


GREETINGS, INTRODUCTIONS, AND SOCIAL CONVERSATION

One of the ways in which French differs from English is that French uses formal and informal registers of language. These are expressed in the choice of the subject pronoun (vous is formal; tu is informal); the form of the verb; and, sometimes, in the way a question is formed. Always address adults whom you don't know well using the formal form of the verb, and reserve the informal for friends and children. It is interesting to note that Americans have a tendency to be informal in many situations in which the French prefer to interact formally. We've indicated below whenever a given sentence is formal or informal.

You will discover that although the subject pronoun for "we" is nous, the pronoun on frequently is used instead. You can usually tell by the context whether the speaker using on is referring to someone in general, or to the first-personal plural form "we."

You also will note that another difference between French and English is that nouns in French are either masculine or feminine. This has nothing to do with actual gender—say, the inherent masculine nature of le stylo (the pen), so it's better to memorize the gender of a noun rather than try to figure out this system of classification! Another important aspect to remember about the gender of nouns in French is that articles, adjectives, pronouns, and some verbs must agree with nouns in gender and number. We have indicated this below where appropriate by providing both the masculine and feminine forms, with the feminine form indicated either with an "e" in parentheses or given in a separate example. Note that when choosing sentences to describe yourself, you'll want to choose the appropriate form.

1. Good morning. Bonjour.Bohn-zhoor

2. Good evening. Bonsoir.Bohn-swahr

3. Good night. (bedtime) Bonne nuit.Buhn nwee

4. Hello. Bonjour.Bohn-zhoor

5. Hi. Salut.Sah-loo

6. Good-bye. Au revoir.Oh ruh vwahr

7. See you soon. À bientôt.Ah byehn-toh

8. Have a nice day. Bonne journée.Buhn zhoor-nay

9. My name is ... Je m'appelle ... Zhuh ma-pel

10. Allow me to introduce you to ... (most formal)

Permettez-moi de vous présenter ...

Per-meh-tay mwah duh voo pray-zehn-tay

my colleagues. mes collègues.may koll-eg
my friend. (m— mon ami.mohn ah-mee
masculine)
my friend. (f— mon amie.mohn ah-mee
feminine)

11. This is ... (formal) Je vous présente ...

Zhuh voo pray-zehnt

my wife. ma femme.ma fahm
my husband. mon mari.mohn mah-ree
my spouse/partner. mon conjoint.mohn kon-zhwehn
my boyfriend. mon copain.mohn co-pihn
my girlfriend. ma copine.ma co-peen

12. This is ... (informal) Voici ...Vwa-see

my daughter. ma fille.ma fee
my son. mon fils.mohn feese
my child. mon enfant.mohn ehn-fehn
my children. mes enfants.maze ehn-fehn
my brother. mon frére.mohn fraire
my sister. ma sœur.ma suhr
my family. ma famille.ma fa-mee

13. Pleased to meet you.

Enchanté. (if you are male) Enchantée. (if you are female)

Ehn-shehn-tay

14. What line of work are you in? Quelle est votre profession?

Kell ay vote pro-fess-yion

15. I am ... Je suis ... Zhuh swee

a stay-at-home mom. femme au foyer.fahm oh-fwa-yay

a doctor. médecin.made-sihn

a teacher. prof.prohf

a university professor. un(e) universitaire.

uhn / oon oo-nee-vers-uh-tare

a businessman. homme d'affaires.umm dah-fare

a businesswoman. femme d'affaires.fahm dah-fare

an architect. architecte.are-shee-tekt

an engineer. ingénieur.ihn-zhayn-yer

a scientist. un(e) scientifique.uhn / oon see-yehn-tee-feek

16. I am retired. Je suis à la retraite.

Zhuh swee ah la ruh-tret

17. I'm a college student. Je suis étudiant(e).

Zhuh swee zay-too-dyehn Zhuh swee zay-too-dyehnt

18. I'm studying ... J'étudie ... Zhay-too-dee

English. l'anglais.lehn-glay
history. l'histoire.lee-stwahre
French. le français.luh frehn-say
biology. la biologie.la bee-oh-low-zhee
chemistry. la chimie.la shee-mee
engineering. l'ingénierie.lihnzhayn-yoor-ee

19. How are you? (formal) Comment allez-vous?

Kuh-muh tall-ay voo

20. How are you? (informal) Ça va?Sah vah

21. Fine, thanks. And you? Je vais bien, merci. Et vous? (formal) Je vais bien, merci. Et toi? (informal)

Zhuh vay byehn mare-see. Ay voo

Zhuh vay byehn mare-see. Ay twah

22. All right. Ça va.Sah vah

23. Where are you from? (formal) D'où venez-vous?

Doo vuh-nay voo

24. Where are you from? (informal) Tu viens d'où?

Too vyihn doo

25. I am from Boston. Je suis de Boston.

Zhuh swee duh bos-ton

26. I am American.

Je suis américain. (m.) Je suis américaine. (f.)

Zhuh swee za-mary-kihn Zhuh swee za-mary-kenn

27. Are you French?

Vous êtes français? (m.) Vous êtes française? (f.)

Voo zet frehn-say Voo zet frehn-sez

28. What a pleasure to see you.

Quel plaisir de vous voir. (formal and when addressing a group)

Quel plaisir de te voir. (informal)

Kell play-zeer duh voo vwahr Kell play-zeer duh tuh vwahr

29. Come visit us. Venez nous rendre visite.

Vuh-nay noo rand-ruh vee-zeet

30. Can I visit you sometime? (informal)

Je peux te rendre visite un jour?

Zhuh puh tuh rand-ruh vee-zeet uhn zhoor

31. What is your address?

Quelle est votre adresse? (formal)

Quelle est ton adresse? (informal)

Kell ay vote ah-dress Kell ay tone ah-dress

32. What is your phone number?

Quel est votre numéro de téléphone? (formal)

Quel est ton numéro de téléphone? (informal)

Kell ay vote noo-mare-oh duh tay-lay-phone

Kell ay tone noo-mare-oh duh tay-lay-phone

33. What is your email address?

Quelle est votre adresse courriel? (formal)

Quelle est ton adresse courriel? (informal)

Kell ay vote ah-dress koo-ree-ehl

Kell ay tone ah-dress koo-ree-ehl

34. Here is my address. Voici mon adresse.

Vwa-see mohn ah-dress

35. Here is my cellphone number.

Voici mon numéro de portable.

Vwa-see mohn noo-mare-oh duh por-tahble

36. Here is my website address.

Voici l'adresse de mon site Internet.

Vwa-see lah-dress duh mohn seet In-tare-net

37. May I see you again? Puis-je vous revoir?

Pwee-zhuh voo ruh-vwahr


MAKING YOURSELF UNDERSTOOD

When approaching a stranger to ask a question, remember to show politeness by starting with "Excusez-moi, Madame" when addressing a woman and "Excusez-moi, Monsieur" when addressing a man.

38. Do you speak English?

Vous parlez anglais? (formal)

Tu parles anglais? (informal)

Voo pah-lay ehn-glay Too pahl ehn-glay

39. Does anyone here speak English?

Il y a quelqu'un qui parle anglais ici?

Eel ya kell-kuhn kee pahl ehn-glay ee-see

40. I speak a little French. Je parle un peu français.

Zhuh pahl uhn puh frehn-say

41. I speak only English. Je ne parle que l'anglais.

Zhuh nuh pahl kuh lehn-glay

42. I don't speak French well. Je ne parle pas bien français.

Zhuh nuh pahl pah byehn frehn-say

43. Can you translate this word? Pouvez-vous traduire ce mot?

Poo-vay voo trah-dweer suh moh

44. Do you understand? Vous comprenez?Voo com-pren-ay

45. I understand. Je comprends.Zhuh kom-prehn

46. I don't understand. Je ne comprends pas.

Zhuh nuh kom-prehn pah

47. Say it again, please. Répétez, s'il vous plaît.

Ray-pay-tay see voo play

48. Speak more slowly, please.

Parlez moins vite, s'il vous plaît.

Pah-lay mwehn veet see voo play

49. Write it down, please. Pouvez-vous l'écrire, s'il vous plaît?

Poo-vay voo lay-kreer see voo play

50. How do you say "dog" in French?

Comment dit-on "dog" en français?

Kuh-muh dee-ton dog ehn frehn-say

51. What does this mean in English?

Que veut dire cela en anglais?

Kuh vuh deer suh-lah ehn ehn-glay


USEFUL WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS

52. Yes. Oui.Wee

53. No. Non.Noh

54. Maybe. Peut-être.Puh tet-ruh

55. Please. S'il vous plaît. (formal) S'il te plaît. (informal)

See voo play Seel tuh play

56. Thanks (a lot). Merci (beaucoup).Mare-see (boh-koo)

57. You're welcome. (formal) Je vous en prie.

Zhuh voo zehn pree

58. You're welcome. (informal) De rien.Duh ree-ehn

59. Pardon? Pardon?Par-duhn

60. Excuse me! (to get someone's attention) Excusez-moi!

Ecks-kyoo-zay mwah

61. Can I help you? Je peux vous aider?

Zhuh poo vooz ay-day

62. Please come in. Entrez, s'il vous plaît. (formal) Entre, s'il te plaît. (informal)

Ehn-tray see voo play Ehn-tray seel tuh play

63. Come here.

Venez, s'il vous plaît. (formal) Viens, s'il te plaît. (informal)

Vuh-nay see voo play Vyihn seel tuh play

64. I am in a hurry. Je suis pressé. (m.) Je suis pressée. (f.)

Zhuh swee press-say Zhuh swee press-say

65. I am late. Je suis en retard.Zhuh swee ehn ruh-tar

66. I am hungry. J'ai faim.Zhay fihm

67. I am thirsty. J'ai soif.Zhay swahf

68. I am tired. Je suis fatigué. (m.) Je suis fatiguée. (f.)

Zhuh swee fah-tee-gay Zhuh swee fah-tee-gay

69. What's wrong? Qu'est-qu'il y a?Kess keel yah

70. It's ok. Ça va.Sah vah

71. I know. Je sais.Zhuh say

72. I don't know. Je ne sais pas.Zhuh nuh say pah

73. It doesn't matter. Ça ne fait rien.Sah nuh fay ree-ehn

74. It's not serious. C'est pas grave.Say pah grahv

75. Can you help me? Vous pouvez m'aider?

Voo poo-vay may-day

76. Where is the restroom? Où sont les toilettes?

Oo sone lay twah-let

77. Leave me alone! Laissez-moi tranquille!

Lay-say mwah tran-kee

78. I am looking for ... Je cherche ...Zhuh share-sh

my hotel. mon hôtel.mohn oh-tell
the train station. la gare.lah gahr
a restaurant. un restaurant.uhn ress-toh-rehn
a bank. une banque.oon behn-kuh

79. Who? Qui?Kee

80. What? Quoi?Kwah

81. Why? Pourquoi?Por-kwah

82. Where? Où?Oo

83. When? Quand?Kehn

84. How much? Combien?Kum-byehn

85. How long/much time? Combien de temps?Kum-byehn duh tehn

86. To. À.Ah

87. From. De.Duh

88. With. Avec.Ah-vek

89. Without. Sans.Sehn

90. In. Dans.Dehn

91. On. Sur.Soor

92. Near. Près de.Pray duh

93. Far. Loin de.Lwehn duh

94. In front of. Devant.Duh-vehn

95. Behind. Derrière.Dare-ee-air

96. Next to. À côté de.Ah koh-tay duh

97. Outside. À l'extérieur.Ah lecks-tare-ee-er

98. Inside. À l'intérieur.Ah lehn-tare-ee-er

99. Empty. Vide.Veed

100. Full. Plein. (m.) Pleine. (f.)Plihn Plen

101. Something. Quelque chose.Kell-kuh shows

102. Nothing. Rien.Ree-ehn

103. Several. Plusieurs.Ploo-zyer

104. (Much) more. (Beaucoup) plus.(Boh-koo) ploos

105. Less. Moins.Mwehn

106. (A little) more. (Un peu) plus.(Uhn puh) ploos

107. Enough. Assez.ah-say

108. Too much. Trop.Troh

109. Look out! Attention!Ah-tehn-syion

110. Listen! Écoutez!Ay-koo-tay


DESCRIBING YOURSELF AND OTHERS

111. What does he look like? Comment est-il?Kuh-muh et eel

112. Can you describe him/her? Pouvez-vous le / la décrire?

Poo-vay-voo luh / lah day-kreer

113. He is young / old. Il est jeune / vieux.

Eel ay zhuhn / vee-yuh

114. She is (quite) young / old. Elle est (très) jeune / vielle.

Ell ay (tray) zhun / vee-yay

115. He has ... eyes. Il a les yeux ... Eel ah lays yuh ...

blue. bleus.bluh
green. verts.vair
brown. marron.mah-ruhn
hazel. noisette.nwah-zet
gray. gris.gree

116. She has ... hair. Elle a les cheveux ...

Ell ah lay shuh-vuh ...

brown. bruns.bruhn
gray. gris.gree
blond. blonds.blohn
red. roux.roo

117. He has ... hair. Il a des cheveux ...

Eel ah day shuh-vuh

short. courts.koor
long. longs.lohn
straight. raides.red
curly. bouclés.boo-klay

118. He's bald. Il est chauve.Eel ay shoh-vuh

119. He has a beard and a mustache.

Il porte une barbe et une moustache.

Eel port oon barb ay oon moo-stash

120. I am ... Je suis ...Zhuh swee ...

tall. grand(e).grehn / grehn-duh short. petit (e).puh-tee / puh-teet (very) thin. (très) mince.(tray) mihnse (not very) fat. (pas très) gros(se).(pah tray) grow /gross


DIFFICULTIES

121. I cannot find my hotel address.

Je ne peux pas trouver l'adresse de mon hôtel.

Zhuh nuh puh pah troo-vay lah-dress duh mohn oh-tell

122. Can you help me? Vous pouvez m'aider?

Voo poo-vay may-day

123. Help! (in case of an emergency) Au secours!

Oh suh-koor


(Continues...)

Excerpted from Easy French Phrase Book by Heather McCoy. Copyright © 2012 Dover Publications, Inc.. Excerpted by permission of Dover Publications, Inc..
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

Table of Contents

Contents

INTRODUCTION,
Chapter 1: Greetings and Everyday Expressions,
Chapter 2: Travel,
Chapter 3: Mealtimes,
Chapter 4: Leisure Activities,
Chapter 5: Shopping,
Chapter 6: Health and Well-being,
Chapter 7: Communications,
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS,
INDEX,

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