Defending the Faith

Defending the Faith

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At the dawn of the 20th Century, several writers who were to become famous under the title of "Modernists" were advancing a deep agenda for reform in the faith and praxis of the Roman Catholic Church. But their agenda met with serious and scholarly opposition from another group of writers, whose essays are here made available in English. They include the historian and university rector Pierre Battifol, the biblical exegete M.J. Lagrange, OP, the Jesuit historical theologians Eugène Portalié and Léonce de Grandmaison, and the philosophers Eugène Franon and Joannès Wehrlé. All welcomed the historico-critical methods of research, and far from thinking them fatal to orthodoxy (as the Modernists did), they thought the Church's faith would survive and be strengthened by rigorous scholarship. These thinkers, then, are the true predecessors of Pius XII (Divino afflante Spiritu) and Vatican II (Dei Verbum). At the same time, these men thought outside the boxes drawn by 19th Century Positivism (Loisy), anti-intellectualist pragmatism (LeRoy), and romantic mysticism (Tyrrell). Their concerns hold new significance in the light of John Paul II's 1990 encyclical Fides et Ratio. Reading these too-long forgotten writers, then, deepens in a new way one's understanding of the Catholic Church's decision to decline and even condemn the Modernists' agenda, whether one ultimately applauds that decision or deplores it.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813228969
Publisher: The Catholic University of America Press
Publication date: 11/18/2016
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 368
Sales rank: 422,084
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

William H. Marshner is professor of theology at Christendom College

Table of Contents

Editors Preface ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction C.J. T. Talar 1

Part 1 Critical Responses to Alfred Loisy's L'Évangile et l'Église

1 "The Gospel and the Church" (1903) Pierre Batiffol 17

1 Review of Alfred Loisy, L'Évaugile et l'Église (1903) M.-J. Lagrange 38

Part 2 Critical Responses to Alfred Loisy's Autour d'un petit livre

3 "Jesus and Gospel Criticism": Parr I of "Autour des fondements de la foi" (1903) M.-J. Lagrange 73

4 "Jesus and the Church": Part 2 of "Autour des fondements de la foi" (1903) Pierre Batiffol 93

5 "Dogma and History": Part 3 of "Autour des fondements de la foi" (1904) Eugène Portalié 111

Part 3 Critical Responses to George Tyrrell

6 "A New Catholic Manifesto of Agnosticism" (1903) Eugène Franon 189

7 "The Religious Philosophy of Fr. Tyrrell" (1906) Eugène Franon 197

Part 4 Critical Responses to Édouarcl Le Roy's "Qu'est-ce qu'un dogme?"

8 "What Is a Dogma?" (1905) Léonce de Grandmaison 213

9 "An Anti-Intellectualist Scholastic" (1905) Eugène Franon 242

10 "On the Moral Exposition of Dogmas" A Response to La Quinzaine (1905) Eugène Portalié 250

11 "On the Nature of Dogma" (1905) J. Wehrlé 298

Bibliography 327

Index of Biblical Verses 335

General Index 337

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