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Computer Security: Principles and Practice / Edition 2

Computer Security: Principles and Practice / Edition 2

by William Stallings
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For courses in computer/network security

Balancing principle and practice–an updated survey of the fast-moving world of computer and network security

Computer Security: Principles and Practice, 4th Edition, is ideal for courses in Computer/Network Security. The need for education in computer security and related topics continues to grow at a dramatic rate–and is essential for anyone studying Computer Science or Computer Engineering. Written for both an academic and professional audience, the 4th Edition continues to set the standard for computer security with a balanced presentation of principles and practice. The new edition captures the most up-to-date innovations and improvements while maintaining broad and comprehensive coverage of the entire field. The extensive offering of projects provides hands-on experience to reinforce concepts from the text. The range of supplemental online resources for instructors provides additional teaching support for this fast-moving subject.

The new edition covers all security topics considered Core in the ACM/IEEE Computer Science Curricula 2013, as well as subject areas for CISSP (Certified Information Systems Security Professional) certification. This textbook can be used to prep for CISSP Certification and is often referred to as the ‘gold standard’ when it comes to information security certification. The text provides in-depth coverage of Computer Security, Technology and Principles, Software Security, Management Issues, Cryptographic Algorithms, Internet Security and more.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900132775068
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 11/23/2011
Series: Stallings Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 816
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 1.50(h) x 9.50(d)

About the Author

Dr. William Stallings authored 18 textbooks, and, counting revised editions, a total of 70 books on various aspects of these subjects. His writings have appeared in numerous ACM and IEEE publications, including the Proceedings of the IEEE and ACM Computing Reviews. He has 11 times received the award for the best Computer Science textbook of the year from the Text and Academic Authors Association.

In over 30 years in the field, he has been a technical contributor, technical manager, and an executive with several

high-technology firms. He has designed and implemented both TCP/IP-based and OSI-based protocol suites on a variety of computers and operating systems, ranging from microcomputers to mainframes. Currently he is an independent consultant whose clients have included computer and networking manufacturers and customers, software development firms, and leading-edge government research institutions.

He created and maintains the Computer Science Student Resource Site at This site provides documents and links on a variety of subjects of general interest to computer science students (and professionals). He is a member of the editorial board of Cryptologia, a scholarly journal devoted to all aspects of cryptology. His articles appear regularly at, where he is the Networking Category Expert Writer.

Dr. Lawrie Brown is a visiting senior lecturer in the School of Engineering and Information Technology, UNSW Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy.

His professional interests include communications and computer systems security and cryptography, including research on pseudo-anonymous communication, authentication, security and trust issues in Web environments, the design of secure remote code execution environments using the functional language Erlang, and on the design and implementation of the LOKI family of block ciphers. During his career, he has presented courses on cryptography

During his career, he has presented courses on cryptography, cybersecurity, data communications, data structures, and programming in Java to both undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Table of Contents

Online Resources



About the Authors

Chapter 1 Overview

1.1 Computer Security Concepts

1.2 Threats, Attacks, and Assets

1.3 Security Functional Requirements

1.4 Fundamental Security Design Principles

1.5 Attack Surfaces and Attack Trees

1.6 Computer Security Strategy

1.7 Standards

1.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems


Chapter 2 Cryptographic Tools

2.1 Confidentiality with Symmetric Encryption

2.2 Message Authentication and Hash Functions

2.3 Public-Key Encryption

2.4 Digital Signatures and Key Management

2.5 Random and Pseudorandom Numbers

2.6 Practical Application: Encryption of Stored Data

2.7 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 3 User Authentication

3.1 Digital User Authentication Principles

3.2 Password-Based Authentication

3.3 Token-Based Authentication

3.4 Biometric Authentication

3.5 Remote User Authentication

3.6 Security Issues for User Authentication

3.7 Practical Application: An Iris Biometric System

3.8 Case Study: Security Problems for ATM Systems

3.9 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 4 Access Control

4.1 Access Control Principles

4.2 Subjects, Objects, and Access Rights

4.3 Discretionary Access Control

4.4 Example: UNIX File Access Control

4.5 Role-Based Access Control

4.6 Attribute-Based Access Control

4.7 Identity, Credential, and Access Management

4.8 Trust Frameworks

4.9 Case Study: RBAC System for a Bank

4.10 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 5 Database and Data Center Security

5.1 The Need for Database Security

5.2 Database Management Systems

5.3 Relational Databases

5.4 SQL Injection Attacks

5.5 Database Access Control

5.6 Inference

5.7 Database Encryption

5.8 Data Center Security

5.9 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 6 Malicious Software

6.1 Types of Malicious Software

6.2 Advanced Persistent Threat

6.2 Propagation — Infected Content - Viruses

6.3 Propagation — Vulnerability Exploit - Worms

6.4 Propagation — Social Engineering — SPAM E-Mail, Trojans

6.5 Payload — System Corruption

6.6 Payload — Attack Agent — Zombie, Bots

6.7 Payload — Information Theft — Keyloggers, Phishing, Spyware

6.8 Payload — Stealthing — Backdoors, Rootkits

6.9 Countermeasures

6.10 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 7 Denial-of-Service Attacks

7.1 Denial-of-Service Attacks

7.2 Flooding Attacks

7.3 Distributed Denial-of-Service Attacks

7.4 Application-Based Bandwidth Attacks

7.5 Reflector and Amplifier Attacks

7.6 Defenses Against Denial-of-Service Attacks

7.7 Responding to a Denial-of-Service Attack

7.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 8 Intrusion Detection

8.1 Intruders

8.2 Intrusion Detection

8.3 Analysis Approaches

8.4 Host-Based Intrusion Detection

8.5 Network-Based Intrusion Detection

8.6 Distributed or Hybrid Intrusion Detection

8.7 Intrusion Detection Exchange Format

8.8 Honeypots

8.9 Example System: Snort

8.10 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 9 Firewalls and Intrusion Prevention Systems

9.1 The Need for Firewalls

9.2 Firewall Characteristics and Access Policy

9.3 Types of Firewalls

9.4 Firewall Basing

9.5 Firewall Location and Configurations

9.6 Intrusion Prevention Systems

9.7 Example: Unified Threat Management Products

9.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems


Chapter 10 Buffer Overflow

10.1 Stack Overflows

10.2 Defending Against Buffer Overflows

10.3 Other Forms of Overflow Attacks

10.4 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 11 Software Security

11.1 Software Security Issues

11.2 Handling Program Input

11.3 Writing Safe Program Code

11.4 Interacting with the Operating System and Other Programs

11.5 Handling Program Input

11.6 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 12 Operating System Security

12.1 Introduction to Operating System Security

12.3 System Security Planning

12.3 Operating Systems Hardening

12.4 Application Security

12.5 Security Maintenance

12.6 Linux/UNIX Security

12.7 Windows Security

12.8 Virtualization Security

12.9 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 13 Cloud and IoT Security

13.1 Cloud Computing

13.2 Cloud Security Concepts
13.3 Cloud Security Approaches
13.4 The Internet of Things
13.5 IoT Security

13.6 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems


Chapter 14 IT Security Management and Risk Assessment

14.1 IT Security Management

14.2 Organizational Context and Security Policy

14.3 Security Risk Assessment

14.4 Detailed Security Risk Analysis

14.5 Case Study: Silver Star Mines

14.6 Recommended Reading

14.7 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 15 IT Security Controls, Plans and Procedures

15.1 IT Security Management Implementation

15.2 Security Controls or Safeguards

15.3 IT Security Plan

15.4 Implementation of Controls

15.5 Monitoring Risks

15.6 Case Study: Silver Star Mines

15.7 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 16 Physical and Infrastructure Security

16.1 Overview

16.2 Physical Security Threats

16.3 Physical Security Prevention and Mitigation Measures

16.4 Recovery from Physical Security Breaches

16.5 Example: A Corporate Physical Security Policy

16.6 Integration of Physical and Logical Security

16.7 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 17 Human Resources Security

17.1 Security Awareness, Training, and Education

17.2 Employment Practices and Policies

17.3 E-Mail and Internet Use Policies

17.4 Computer Security Incident Response Teams

17.5 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 18 Security Auditing

18.1 Security Auditing Architecture

18.2 The Security Audit Trail

18.3 Implementing the Logging Function

18.4 Audit Trail Analysis

18.5 Security Information and Event Management

18.6 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 19 Legal and Ethical Aspects

19.1 Cybercrime and Computer Crime

19.2 Intellectual Property

19.3 Privacy

19.4 Ethical Issues

19.5 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Appendix 19A: Information Privacy Standard of Good Practice


Chapter 20 Symmetric Encryption and Message Confidentiality

20.1 Symmetric Encryption and Message Confidentiality

20.2 Data Encryption Standard

20.3 Advanced Encryption Standard

20.4 Stream Ciphers and RC4

20.5 Cipher Block Modes of Operation

20.6 Key Distribution

20.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 21 Public-Key Cryptography and Message Authentication

21.1 Secure Hash Functions

21.2 HMAC

21.3 Authenticated Encryption

21.4 The RSA Public-Key Encryption Algorithm

21.5 Diffie-Hellman and Other Asymmetric Algorithms

21.6 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems


Chapter 22 Internet Security Protocols and Standards

22.1 Secure Email and S/MIME

22.2 DomainKeys Identified Mail

22.3 Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS)

22.4 HTTPS

22.5 IPv4 and IPv6 Security

22.6 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 23 Internet Authentication Applications

23.1 Kerberos

23.2 X.509

23.3 Public-Key Infrastructure

23.4 Federated Identity Management

23.5 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 24 Wireless Network Security

24.1 Wireless Security Overview

24.2 Mobile Device Security

24.3 IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN Overview

24.4 IEEE 802.11i Wireless LAN Security

24.5 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems


Appendix A Projects and Other Student Exercises for Teaching Computer Security

A.1 Hacking Project

A.2 Laboratory Exercises

A.3 Security Education (SEED) Projects

A.4 Research Projects

A.5 Programming Projects

A.6 Practical Security Assessments

A.7 Firewall Projects

A.8 Case Studies

A.9 Reading/Report Assignments

A.10 Writing Assignments

A.11 Webcasts for Teaching Computer Security






Online chapters, appendices, and other documents are Premium Content, available via the access card printed in the front of the book.

Chapter 25 Linux Security

25.1 Introduction

25.2 Linux's Security Model

25.3 The Linux DAC in Depth: Filesystem Security

25.4 Linux Vulnerabilities

25.5 Linux System Hardening

25.6 Application Security

25.7 Mandatory Access Controls

25.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 26 Windows and Windows Vista Security

26.1 Windows Security Architecture

26.2 Windows Vulnerabilities

26.3 Windows Security Defenses

26.4 Browser Defenses

26.5 Cryptographic Services

26.6 Common Criteria

26.7 Key Terms, Review Questions, Problems, and Projects

Appendix B Some Aspects of Number Theory

Appendix C Standards and Standard-Setting Organizations

Appendix D Random and Pseudorandom Number Generation

Appendix E Message Authentication Codes Based on Block Ciphers

Appendix F TCP/IP Protocol Architecture

Appendix G Radix-64 Conversion

Appendix H The Domain Name System

Appendix I The Base-Rate Fallacy

Appendix J SHA-3

Appendix K Glossary

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