John Rawls’s work on justice has drawn more commentary and aroused wider attention than any other work in moral or political philosophy in the twentieth century. Rawls is the author of two major treatises, A Theory of Justice (1971) and Political Liberalism (1993); it is said that A Theory of Justice revived political philosophy in the English-speaking world. But before and after writing his great treatises Rawls produced a steady stream of essays. Some of these essays articulate views of justice and liberalism distinct from those found in the two books. They are important in and of themselves because of the deep issues about the nature of justice, moral reasoning, and liberalism they raise as well as for the light they shed on the evolution of Rawls’s views. Some of the articles tackle issues not addressed in either book. They help identify some of the paths open to liberal theorists of justice and some of the knotty problems which liberal theorists must seek to resolve. A complete collection of John Rawls’s essays is long overdue.
John Rawls was James Bryant Conant University Professor at Harvard University. He was recipient of the 1999 National Humanities Medal.
Samuel Freeman is Professor of Philosophy and Law, University of Pennsylvania.
Table of Contents
Cover Title Page Copyright Dedication Contents Editor’s Preface Chapter 1. Outline of a Decision Procedure for Ethics Chapter 2. Two Concepts of Rules Chapter 3. Justice as Fairness Chapter 4. Constitutional Liberty and the Concept of Justice Chapter 5. The Sense of Justice Chapter 6. Legal Obligation and the Duty of Fair Play Chapter 7. Distributive Justice Chapter 8. Distributive Justice: Some Addenda Chapter 9. The Justification of Civil Disobedience Chapter 10. Justice as Reciprocity Chapter 11. Some Reasons for the Maximin Criterion Chapter 12. Reply to Alexander and Musgrave Chapter 13. A Kantian Conception of Equality Chapter 14. Fairness to Goodness Chapter 15. The Independence of Moral Theory Chapter 16. Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory Chapter 17. Social Unity and Primary Goods Chapter 18. Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical Chapter 19. Preface for the French Edition of A Theory of Justice Chapter 20. The Idea of an Overlapping Consensus Chapter 21. The Priority of Right and Ideas of the Good Chapter 22. The Domain of the Political and Overlapping Consensus Chapter 23. Themes in Kant’s Moral Philosophy Chapter 24. The Law of Peoples Chapter 25. Fifty Years after Hiroshima Chapter 26. The Idea of Public Reason Revisited Chapter 27. Commonweal Interview with John Rawls Credits Index