Clinical Preventive Services 2014: Recommendations of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Clinical Preventive Services 2014: Recommendations of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

by U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

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Overview

The Guide to Clinical Preventive Services includes U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening, counseling, and preventive medication topics and includes clinical recommendations for each topic. This new pocket guide provides family physicians, internists, pediatricians, nurses, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and other clinicians with an authoritative source for making decisions about preventive services.


The clinical summaries in this Guide are abridged versions of recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). To view the full recommendation statements, supporting evidence, or recommendations published after March 2014, go to http://www.USPreventiveServicesTaskForce.org 
Each of the abridged clinical summaries include the following criteria:
·        Title
·        Population
·        Recommendation
·        Risk Assessment
·        Screening Tests
·        Interventions
·        Balance of Benefits and Harms
·        Other Relevant USPSTF Recommendations

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780160926426
Publisher: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services
Publication date: 11/15/2014
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 294
File size: 3 MB
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

About the Agency

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's (AHRQ’s) mission is to produce evidence to make health care safer, higher quality, more accessible, equitable, and affordable, and to work within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and with other partners to make sure that the evidence is understood and used. Since 1998, through acts of the U.S. Congress, AHRQ has been authorized to convene the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and to provide ongoing scientific, administrative, and dissemination support to the Task Force. The Task Force is an independent group of national experts in prevention and evidence-based medicine that makes evidence-based recommendations about clinical preventive services.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Foreword................................................................................................................iii
Preface......................................................................................................................v
Preventive Services Recommended by the USPSTF...............................................1
Clinical Summaries of Recommendations for Adults (alphabetical list)...............5
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm, Screening...............................................................7
*Alcohol Misuse, Screening and Behavioral Counseling.......................................8
Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Preventive Medication.......9
Aspirin or NSAIDS for Prevention of Colorectal Cancer, Preventive Medication.....10
Bacterial Vaginosis in Pregnancy, Screening........................................................11
Bacteriuria, Screening.........................................................................................12
Bladder Cancer, Screening..................................................................................13
*BRCA-Related Cancer in Women, Screening...................................................14
*Breast Cancer, Preventive Medications..............................................................15
Breast Cancer, Screening....................................................................................16
Breastfeeding, Counseling..................................................................................17
Carotid Artery Stenosis, Screening.....................................................................18
Cervical Cancer, Screening.................................................................................19
Chlamydial Infection, Screening........................................................................20
*Chronic Kidney Disease, Screening..................................................................21
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Screening...........................................22
*Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults, Screening............................................23
Colorectal Cancer, Screening..............................................................................24
Coronary Heart Disease (Risk Assessment, Nontraditional Risk Factors), Screening........................................................................................................25
*Coronary Heart Disease, Screening (With Electrocardiography).......................26
Depression in Adults, Screening.........................................................................27
Diabetes Mellitus, Screening..............................................................................28
*Falls in Older Adults, Counseling, Preventive Medication, and Other Interventions..................................................................................................29
Folic Acid Supplementation to Prevent Neural Tube Defects, Preventive Medication.....................................................................................................30
Genital Herpes, Screening..................................................................................31
*Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Screening..........................................................32
*Glaucoma, Screening........................................................................................33
Gonorrhea, Screening.........................................................................................34
*Healthful Diet and Physical Activity, Counseling..............................................35
*Hearing Loss in Older Adults, Screening..........................................................36x
Hemochromatosis, Screening.............................................................................37
Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Pregnant Women, Screening...............................38
*Hepatitis C Virus Infection in Adults, Screening................................................9
High Blood Pressure in Adults, Screening...........................................................40
*HIV Infection, Screening..................................................................................41
Illicit Drug Use, Screening.................................................................................42
Impaired Visual Acuity in Older Adults, Screening............................................43
*Intimate Partner Violence and Elderly Abuse, Screening...................................44
Lipid Disorders in Adults, Screening..................................................................45
*Lung Cancer, Screening....................................................................................46
*Menopausal Hormone Therapy for the Primary Prevention of Chronic Conditions, Preventive Medication................................................................47
Motor Vehicle Occupant Restraints, Counseling................................................48
*Obesity in Adults, Screening and Counseling...................................................49
*Oral Cancer, Screening.....................................................................................50
Osteoporosis, Screening.....................................................................................51
*Ovarian Cancer, Screening................................................................................52
*Peripheral Artery Disease and Cardiovascular Risk Assessment, Screening........53
*Prostate Cancer, Screening................................................................................54
Sexually Transmitted Infections, Counseling......................................................55
*Skin Cancer, Counseling...................................................................................56
Skin Cancer, Screening.......................................................................................57
Suicide Risk, Screening.......................................................................................58
Syphilis Infection (Pregnant Women), Screening................................................59
Testicular Cancer, Screening...............................................................................60
Tobacco Use in Adults, Counseling and Interventions........................................61
*Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation to Prevent Fractures, Preventive Medication.....................................................................................................62
*Vitamin, Mineral, and Multivitamin Supplements for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer, Preventive Medication........................63
Clinical Summaries of Recommendations for Children and Adolescents (alphabetical list)...................................................................................................65
*Alcohol Misuse, Screening and Behavioral Counseling.......................................8
Blood Lead Levels in Children and Pregnant Women, Screening.......................67
Cervical Cancer, Screening.................................................................................19
*Child Maltreatment, Interventions to Prevent..................................................68
Chlamydial Infection, Screening........................................................................20
Congenital Hypothyroidism, Screening..............................................................69
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip, Screening.................................................70
Genital Herpes, Screening..................................................................................31
Gonococcal Ophthalmia Neonatorum, Preventive Medication...........................71xi
Gonorrhea, Screening.........................................................................................34
Hearing Loss in Newborns, Screening................................................................72
*High Blood Pressure in Children, Screening.....................................................73
*HIV Infection, Screening..................................................................................41
Hyperbilirubinemia in Infants, Screening...........................................................74
*Illicit and Prescription Drug Use in Children and Adolescents, Counseling......75
Iron Deficiency Anemia, Screening..............................................................76, 77
Lipid Disorders in Children, Screening..............................................................78
Major Depressive Disorder in Children and Adolescents, Screening...................79
Motor Vehicle Occupant Restraints, Counseling................................................48
Obesity in Children and Adolescents, Screening.................................................80
Phenylketonuria (PKU), Screening.....................................................................81
Sexually Transmitted Infections, Counseling......................................................55
Sickle Cell Disease in Newborns, Screening........................................................82
*Skin Cancer, Counseling...................................................................................56
Speech and Language Delay, Screening...............................................................83
Suicide Risk, Screening.......................................................................................58
Testicular Cancer, Screening...............................................................................60
*Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents, Primary Care Interventions............84
Visual Impairment in Children Ages 1-5, Screening...........................................85
Immunizations......................................................................................................87
Topics in Progress..................................................................................................91
Appendixes and Index...........................................................................................95
Appendix A. How the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Grades Its Recommendations.......97
Appendix B. Members of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force 2004-2014.......101
Appendix C. Acknowledgements......................................................................104
Appendix D. About the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.............................107
Appendix E. More Resources............................................................................112
Appendix F. 2002 Breast Cancer Screening Recommendation..........................115
Index. Recommendations, Cross-Referenced....................................................117

*New recommendations released March 2012 to March 2014.

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