Classical Mythology in Context available in Paperback
Classical Mythology in Context encourages students to directly encounter and explore ancient myths and to understand them in broader interpretative contexts. Featuring a modular structure that coincides with the four main components of a classical mythology coursehistory, theory, comparison, and receptioneach chapter (with the exception of Chapter 1) is built around one central figure or topic.
Classical Mythology in Context provides:
A sustained discussion of religious practices and sacred places that offers a key approach to the historical contextualization of Greek myths
An introduction toand integration oftheoretical approaches to myth in each chapter that shows how these approaches affect the ways in which students understand myths and mythic figures
Ample selections of primary sources, all from the Oxford World's Classics series
A robust comparative approach examining Greek myths alongside other myths from the Mediterranean Basin and the Ancient Near East
An approach to the reception of myths as interpretation and reflection in Western art, with an emphasis on contemporary culture
An Ancillary Resource Center (ARC) that includes PowerPoint-based lecture slides and an Instructor's Resource Manual
A Companion Website that provides additional student and instructor resources
Compelling and relevant illustrations provide visual evidence for placing myths in context
Abundant maps help students locate all sites in Greece, the larger Greek world, and the Ancient Near East
A detailed Timeline for Greece, Rome, and the Ancient Near East helps students situate key works within their cultural and historical contexts
"The Essentials": In Part I, these boxes appear at the start of each chapter, introducing students to the most essential information about a god or goddess and previewing that chapter's content. In Part II, they appear whenever a new hero or heroine is introduced.
"Before You Read" section for each primary source and critical reading is prefaced with a brief contextual overview followed by questions that encourage critical thinking
Paired chapters explore different aspects of a god, hero, or heroine, equipping students with analytical tools that can be applied to other topics
A list of Key Terms at the end of each chapter helps students review and retain its most important points
A "For Further Exploration" annotated bibliography at the end of each chapter provides a starting point for students who wish to learn more about the chapter's content
A Select Bibliography at the end of the book, divided by chapter (and further divided by chapter section) emphasizes scholarly works that are accessible to students
A Combined Glossary and Index includes a pronunciation key, the Greek form (where relevant), and brief description for all figures, places, and rituals in the text
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||7.50(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.10(d)|
About the Author
Lisa Maurizio is Associate Professor of Classical and Medieval Studies at Bates College. She publishes on Greek religious practices, especially divination at Delphi. In addition, she has written several plays on classical themes, two of which have been produced by Animus Ensemble at the Boston Center for the Arts: "Tereus in Fragments" and "The Memory of Salt."
Table of Contents
About the Author
PART I: GODDESSES AND GODS
Genealogy of the Greek Gods
Timeline of Classical Mythology
Map: Greece and Greek-Speaking Cities in Anatolia
1. CLASSICAL MYTHS AND CONTEMPORARY QUESTIONS
1.1 What Is a Myth?
Myth, Legend, and Folklore
A Three-Point Definition of a Mythological Corpus
1.2 What Is Classical Mythology?
Myths from Ancient Greece
Myths from the Ancient Near East
Myths from Ancient Rome
1.3 How Do We Make Sense of Classical Myths?
1.4 Why Study Classical Myths in the Twenty-First Century?
2.1 History: A Greek Creation Story
Historical Settings of Hesiod's Theogony
Hesiod's Creation Story: The Theogony
* Hesiod, Theogony
2.2 Theory: The Social World Shapes Myths
* Ivan Strenski, from "Introduction" to Malinowski and the Work of Myth
2.3 Comparison: Levant: Creation Stories
* Genesis 1:1-3:24
2.4 Reception: Titans in Modern Art
Paul Manship, Prometheus, the Light Bringer
Lee Oscar Lawrie, Atlas
3. ZEUS AND HERA
3.1 History: Order and Rebellion
Zeus and Prometheus Bound
* Aeschylus, from Prometheus Bound
3.2 Theory: Universal Questions Shape Myth
Wendy Doniger, from The Implied Spider: Politics and Theology in Myth
3.3 Comparison: Levant: Flood Stories
* Genesis 6-9
3.4 Reception: Leda and the Swan in Modernist Poetry
Marie Laurencin, Leda and the Swan
William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan
Hilda Doolittle (H.D.), "Leda"
4. DEMETER AND HADES
4.1 History: Life and Death
* Unknown, Hymn 2: To Demeter
4.2 Theory: Myths Reinforce Social Norms
* Helene P. Foley, from "A Question of Origins: Goddess Cults Greek and Modern"
4.3 Comparison (Mesopotamia): A Sumerian Mother Goddess
* Unknown, from In the Desert by the Early Grass
4.4 Reception: Persephone in Contemporary Women's Poetry
* Rita Frances Dove, "The Narcisssus Flower" (1995)
* Rachel Zucker,"Diary [Underworld]" (2003)
* Alison Townsend, "Persephone in America" (2009)
5. APHRODITE, HEPHAESTUS, AND ARES
5.1 History: Love and Strife
Unknown, Hymn 5: To Aphrodite
5.2 Theory: Myths Challenge Social Norms
* John J. Winkler, from "The Laughter of the Oppressed: Demeter and the Gardens of Adonis"
5.3 Comparison: Mesopotamia: Ishtar
* Unknown, The Descent of Ishtar to the Underworld
5.4 Reception: Pygmalion in Hollywood
My Fair Lady
Lars and the Real Girl
6. ATHENA AND POSEIDON
6.1 History: Wisdom and War
Athena's Practical Intelligence and Men's Activities
Athena and the City of Athens
* Aeschylus, from Eumenides
6.2 Theory: The Mind Structures Myth in Oppositions
Simon Goldhill, from Aeschylus: The Oresteia
6.3 Comparison: Egypt: Neith
* Unknown, from "Cosmogonies at the Temple of Esna"
6.4 Reception: Athena as a Political Allegory
Eugene Delacroix "Liberty Leading the People"
François-Charles Morice and Léopold Morice, "The Statute of the Republic"
Emma Lazarus, "The New Colossus"
Frédéric Bartholdi, "The Statue of Liberty"
7. HERMES AND HESTIA
7.1 History: From Herms to Hermes
* Unknown, Hymn 4: To Hermes
7.2 Theory: The Mind Structures Myth in Archetypes
* Lewis Hyde, from Trickster Makes This World: Mischief, Myth and Art
7.3 Comparison: Egypt: Thoth
* Unknown, "The Hymn to Thoth"
* Plato, from Phaedrus
7.4 Reception: Hermaphroditus in Pre-Raphaelite Art
Charles Algernon Swinburne, "Hermaphroditus" (1863)
Edward Burne-Jones, "The Tree of Forgiveness"
Aubrey Beardsley, "A Hermaphrodite amongst the Roses"
8. ARTEMIS AND APOLLO
8.1 History: From Adolescence to Adulthood
* Unknown, Homer, Hymn 3: To Apollo
* Unknown, Homer, Hymn 27: To Artemis
8.2 Theory: Myth, Ritual, and Initiations
Jane Harrison and the Cambridge Ritualists
Arnold van Gennep and Rites of Passage
* Ken Dowden, "Initiation: The Key to Myth?"
8.3 Comparison: Anatolia and Rome: Cybele
Artemis and the Phrygian Great Mother
Artemis in Roman Ephesus
* Xenophon, from An Ephesian Tale
8.4 Reception: Actaeon and Daphne in Contemporary Poetry
Alicia E. Stallings, "Daphne"
Seamus Heaney, "Actaeon"
Don Paterson, "A Call"
9.1 History: Encountering Dionysus
Viticulture, Wine, and Fertility
Theater and Masks
* Euripides, from Bacchae
* Unknown, Hymn 7: To Dionysos
9.2 Theory: Initiations and Inversions
Liminality and Initiation Rituals
Liminality and Dionysus
* Eric Csapo, from "Riding the Phallus for Dionysus: Iconology, Ritual, and Gender-Role De/Construction"
9.3 Comparison: Anatolia and Rome: Cybele and Attis
The Great Mother in Greece
The Great Mother in Rome
* Catullus, "Attis"
9.4 Reception: Dionysus as a God of the 1960s
Dionysus in '69
The Rocky Horror Picture Show
The Bacchae of Euripides: A Communion Rite
PART II: HEROES AND HEROINES
10. ACHILLES: THE MAKING OF A HERO
10.1 History: Defining Greek Heroes
Five Traits of Greek Heroes
Heroes in Cult
Heroes in Myth
* Homer, from the Iliad
10.2 Theory: The Plot of the Hero's Story
* Vladimir Propp, from Morphology of the Folktale
10.3 Comparison: Mesopotamia and Rome: Gilgamesh and Aeneas
Gilgamesh and the Burden of Mortality
Aeneas and the Founding of Rome
* Unknown, from the Epic of Gilgamesh
* Vergil, from Aeneid
10.4 Reception: Achilles and War Poetry
Patrick Shaw-Stewart, "I Saw A Man This Morning"
Randall Jarrell, "When Achilles Fought and Fell"
Michael Longley, "Ceasefire"
Jonathan Shay, from Achilles in Vietnam: Combat Trauma and the Undoing of Character
11. MEDEA: THE MAKING OF A HEROINE
11.1 History: Defining Heroines
Five Traits of Greek Heroines
Heroines in Cult
Heroines in Myth
* Euripides, from Medea
11.2 Theory: The Plot of the Heroine's Story
* Mary Ann Jezewski, from "Traits of the Female Hero: The Application of Raglan's Hero Trait Patterning"
11.3 Comparison: Rome: Medea
* Ovid, from Metamorphoses
11.4 Reception: African American Medea
Countée Cullen, The Medea, and Some Other Poems
Owen Dodson, The Garden of Time
Toni Morrison, Beloved
12. ODYSSEUS AND QUEST HEROES
12.1 History: The Hero's Quest
Defining a Quest Hero
* Homer, from the Odyssey
12.2 Theory: The Quest Hero
Joseph Campbell's Monomyth
Subjective Experience and the External Landscape
W.H. Auden, from "The Quest Hero"
12.3 Comparison: Mesopotamia and Rome: Gilgamesh and Aeneas
Gilgamesh and the Waters of Death
Odysseus in the Underworld
Aeneas in Avernus
* Vergil, from Aeneid
* Unknown, from the Epic of Gilgamesh
12.4 Reception: African American Odysseus
Sterling A. Brown, "Odyssey of Big Boy"
Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching God
13. IPHIGENIA AND QUEST HEROINES
13.1. History: The Heroine's Quest
Changing Definitions of Heroes and Heroines in Ancient Greece
The New Heroine (and the New Hero)
Iphigenia in Aulis and among the Taurians
* Euripides, from Iphigenia among the Taurians
13.2. Theory: A Paradigm for the New Heroine
Apuleius' Tale of Amor and Psyche
Defining the New Heroine in Anthropology and Literature
Lee R. Edwards, from Psyche as Hero: Female Heroism and Fictional Form
13.3. Comparison: Rome: Thecla
Saints and Martyrs in Early Christian Communities
New Heroines and Martyrs
Thecla as a Christian Heroine
* Unknown, from "The Acts of Paul and Thecla"
13.4 Reception: Ten Years of Iphigenia in New York City
Charles L. Mee's Iphigenia 2.0
Michi Barall's Rescue Me: A Postmodern Classic with Snacks