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Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Civil War and Reconstruction / Edition 1

Civil War and Reconstruction / Edition 1

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Long considered the standard text in the field, The Civil War and Reconstruction—originally written by James G. Randall and revised by David Donald—is now available in a thoroughly revised new edition prepared by David Donald, Jean H. Baker, and Michael F. Holt.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780393974270
Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Publication date: 12/14/2000
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 781
Sales rank: 625,332
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Jean Harvey Baker is the author of many books on nineteenth-century American history. She is a professor of history at Goucher College in Baltimore, Maryland.

David Herbert Donald is Charles Warren Professor of American History Emeritus at Harvard University and the author of two Pulitzer Prize-winning works, including the acclaimed biography Lincoln.

Michael F. Holt is Langbourne M. Williams Professor of American History at the University of Virginia and the author, most recently, of The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party.

Table of Contents

List of MapsXI
Chapter 1A Modernizing Nation, 1840-18601
Expansion in Size and Numbers1
Reactions to Immigration5
Changes in Agriculture6
The Modernization of Transportation and Communication9
Changes in Industry10
A Changing Social Structure12
The Working Class13
The Growth of Cities14
Changes in Education16
The Spirit of the Age18
Antebellum Culture23
Chapter 2The Antebellum South27
Sectional Similarities27
Sectional Differences30
Southern Life and Society35
Life in the "Big House"42
The Development of "Southernism"45
Chapter 3Slavery, 1830-186050
Past Studies of Slavery50
Early Attitudes Toward Slavery51
The Slave Trade52
The Development of Slavery in the South55
Free Blacks58
The Distribution and Concentration of Slaves60
Slave Management62
Slave Life and Culture63
Slave Resistance67
Slavery as a Regional Economic System71
Chapter 4Sectionalism Politicized, 1848-185774
Wedges of Separation74
The Impact of Western Expansion77
The Compromise of 185079
Pierce, Douglas, and The Kansas-Nebraska Act85
New Parties90
Sectionalism in Kansas91
The Election of 185696
Chapter 5A House Dividing, 1857-186099
Radical Expressions of Sectionalism100
Slavery and the Supreme Court101
The Lincoln-Douglas Debate109
John Brown's Raid113
The Presidential Contest of 1860116
Chapter 6The Secession Winter125
The Secession of the Lower South126
The Reaction of the Buchanan Administration132
Congress and the Secession Crisis134
The Washington Peace Conference137
Buchanan Stiffens139
The Formation of the Confederacy140
Chapter 7Lincoln, the Upper South, and the Sumter Crisis149
Lincoln Takes Office150
Reactions to Lincoln's Inaugural152
Reluctant Confederates154
Controversy over the Forts156
Reaction in The Upper South to War Measures163
Effects of the Mobilization Orders in the North166
Chapter 8The Border States168
Kentucky's Attempted Neutrality169
Maryland's Contested Unionism172
Delaware's Unquestioned Allegiance175
Violence in Missouri176
West Virginia's Secession from the Confederacy179
Chapter 9First Campaigns183
Resources, Goals, and Military Structures183
Early Battles: West Virginia and Bull Run191
Early Campaigns in the West196
Chapter 10The Virginia Front 1861-1863203
McClellan in Charge203
The Peninsular Campaign207
Robert E. Lee210
The Seven Days' Campaign212
Second Bull Run215
Burnside and Fredericksburg222
Chapter 11Union Measures and Men225
Military Structures225
Improvised War: Initial Efforts at Supplying the Army234
A Soldier's Life237
The Union Command System240
Handling Prisoners of War242
Chapter 12Problems of the Confederacy247
Mobilizing the Confederate Army247
Supplies and Resources252
Financing the War255
Alienation in the Confederacy261
Opposition by the States to the Confederacy265
Problems of Leadership267
Chapter 13The Union Government at War271
Early Presidential Decisions271
The Thirty-seventh Congress274
Investigations by the Thirty-seventh Congress278
An Activist Congress281
Opposition to The Government287
The Merryman, Vallandigham, and Milligan Cases289
Measuring Lincoln's Actions293
Chapter 14Financing the War in the North296
General Issues and Problems296
Treasury Department Proposals for Taxes and Loans297
Banks and the Currency305
Evaluation of the Treasury Department307
Chapter 15The American Question Abroad309
European Attitudes Toward the North and South310
The Trent Affair314
The Failure of Cotton Diplomacy317
Crisis over Recognition319
Confederate Warships and Rams321
Relations with Other Nations323
Chapter 16Emancipation: The War Redefined325
Initial Attitudes325
Congress and Emancipation329
Lincoln and Emancipation330
Blacks and Emancipation336
Black Soldiers339
Emancipation by States and the Thirteenth Amendment344
Chapter 17The War's Middle Phase347
Early Operations in the West357
The Battles of Chattanooga and Chickamauga365
Chapter 18Military Campaigns in 1864370
The Soldiers' Life371
The Wilderness Campaign376
Continuing Battles in Northern Virginia379
Other Virginia Campaigns, May-September 1864381
Sherman's Campaign385
Chapter 19The Naval War394
Organizing The Confederate and Union Navies395
Battles of the Ironclads399
The Union's Coordinated Army-Navy Operations401
Privateers and Confederate Raiders404
Union Coastal Operations After 1862406
Chapter 20Northern Politics, 1861-1864409
The Republicans410
Opposition to Lincoln411
The 1862 Elections413
The Cabinet Crisis415
The Democratic Challenge in 1863416
Lincoln's Renomination418
The Peace Movement420
Further Political Challenges to Lincoln423
The Democratic Nomination of McClellan and the 1864 Presidential Vote424
Chapter 21The Home Front in the North428
Effects of Mobilization on Northern Women428
The Northern Economy432
The Labor Movement437
Urban Society438
Private and Public Assistance440
Shaping Northern Opinion443
Northern Newspapers During the War445
Religion in the North447
Chapter 22The Collapse of the Confederacy449
Northern Occupation of the South450
Women of the Confederacy455
Shortages and Nationalization459
Subversion in the Confederacy461
Religion and the Confederate Collapse463
Chapter 23The End of the War465
Military Actions in 1865465
Chapter 24The Challenge of Reconstruction: Legacies of the War in the North477
Initial Postwar Attitudes in the North479
Economic Legacies of the War in the North482
The Northern Economy, Politics, and Reconstruction489
The Challenge of Reconstruction492
Chapter 25The Challenge of Reconstruction: Legacies of the War in the South494
Immediate Postwar Chaos494
A Shattered Economy496
An Incomplete Economic Recovery498
The Reorganization of Southern Agriculture500
Contested Meanings of Freedom: Black Aspirations Versus White Expectations503
Toward Political Reconstruction507
Chapter 26Presidential Reconstruction508
Presidential Reconstruction Under Lincoln508
The 10 Percent Plan in Operation512
Louisiana and the Congressional Backlash Against Lincoln513
Presidential Reconstruction Under Andrew Johnson518
Chapter 27Responses to Presidential Reconstruction524
The Southern Response to Johnson's Policies525
Congressional Republicans Respond to Johnson's Program528
Chapter 28Congressional Reconstruction: The First Phase536
The Protagonists: Radicals and Moderates537
The Fourteenth Amendment543
The Congressional Elections of 1866550
Chapter 29Congressional Reconstruction: The Second Phase, 1867-1869556
The Military Reconstruction Acts558
What the Military Reconstruction Act Signified561
Grant, the Army, and Reconstruction564
The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson566
The Triumph of the Moderates572
Chapter 30Reconstruction in the South577
The Republican Coalition and the Myth of Black Reconstruction580
Republican Governance: The Constitutional Conventions585
Republican Governance: Expansion of the Public Sphere588
Chapter 31The Failure of Reconstruction in the South593
The Pattern of Southern Politics593
The Politics of the Center, 1869-1873597
The Politics of Polarization, 1873-1877599
Constant White Terrorism and Fluctuating Federal Intervention602
Chapter 32The North, the Grant Administration, and Reconstruction605
Grant as President606
The Political Context of Grant's Presidency609
The Fifteenth Amendment610
The Enforcement Acts612
The Liberal Republican Movement and the Border States615
Chapter 33The Retreat from Reconstruction617
Liberal Republicanism and Its Consequences617
The Supreme Court and Reconstruction621
The Panic of 1873 and the Specter of Realignment623
The Republicans Turn Northward626
Realignment Averted629
Chapter 34The End of Reconstruction633
The Disputed Results634
The Electoral Commission636
The "Compromise of 1877"638
Suggested Readings716

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