The Cider House Rules

The Cider House Rules

by John Irving


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The Cider House Rules is filled with people to love and to feel for. . . . The characters in John Irving’s novel break all the rules, and yet they remain noble and free-spirited.”—The Houston Post

First published in 1985, The Cider House Rules is set in rural Maine in the first half of the twentieth century. The novel tells the story of Dr. Wilbur Larch—saint and obstetrician, founder and director of the orphanage in the town of St. Cloud’s, ether addict and abortionist. This is also the story of Dr. Larch’s favorite orphan, Homer Wells, who is never adopted.

Praise for The Cider House Rules

“ [Irving] is among the very best storytellers at work today. At the base of Irving’s own moral concerns is a rare and lasting regard for human kindness.”The Philadelphia Inquirer

“ Superb in scope and originality, a novel as good as one could hope to find from any author, anywhere, anytime. Engrossing, moving, thoroughly satisfying.”—Joseph Heller

“ An old-fashioned, big-hearted novel . . . with its epic yearning caught in the nineteenth century, somewhere between Trollope and Twain.”Boston Sunday Globe

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780345417947
Publisher: Random House Publishing Group
Publication date: 06/28/1997
Series: Reader's Circle Series
Pages: 640
Sales rank: 85,151
Product dimensions: 5.58(w) x 10.60(h) x 1.23(d)

About the Author

John Irving has been nominated for a National Book Award three times—winning once, in 1980, for the novel The World According to Garp. In 1992, Mr. Irving was inducted into the National Wrestling Hall of Fame in Stillwater, Oklahoma. In 2000, he won the Oscar for Best Adapted Screenplay for The Cider House Rules—a film with seven Academy Award nominations.



Date of Birth:

March 2, 1942

Place of Birth:

Exeter, New Hampshire


B.A., University of New Hampshire, 1965; also studied at University of Vienna; M.F.A., Iowa Writers' Workshop, 1967

Read an Excerpt

Chapter One

The Boy Who Belonged to St. Cloud’s

In the hospital of the orphanage-the boys’ division at St. Cloud’s, Maine-two nurses were in charge of naming the new babies and checking that their little penises were healing from the obligatory circumcision. In those days (in 192_), all boys born at St. Cloud’s were circumcised because the orphanage physician had experienced some difficulty in treating uncircumcised soldiers, for this and for that, in World War I. The doctor, who was also the doctor of the boys’ division, was not a religious man; circumcision was not a rite with him-it was a strictly medical act, performed for hygienic reasons. His name was Wilbur Larch, which, except for the scent of ether that always accompanied him, reminded one of the nurses of the tough, durable wood of the coniferous tree of that name. She hated, however, the ridiculous name of Wilbur, and took offense at the silliness of combining a word like Wilbur with something as substantial as a tree.

The other nurse imagined herself to be in love with Dr. Larch, and when it was her turn to name a baby, she frequently named him John Larch, or John Wilbur (her father’s name was John), or Wilbur Walsh (her mother’s maiden name had been Walsh). Despite her love for Dr. Larch, she could not imagine Larch as anything but a last name-and when she thought of him, she did not think of trees at all. For its flexibility as a first or as a last name, she loved the name of Wilbur-and when she tired of her use of John, or was criticized by her colleague for overusing it, she could rarely come up with anything more original than a Robert Larch or a Jack Wilbur (she seemed not to know that Jack was often a nickname for John).

If he had been named by this dull, love-struck nurse, he probably would have been a Larch or a Wilbur of one kind or another; and a John, a Jack, or a Robert-to make matters even duller. Because it was the other nurse’s turn, he was named Homer Wells.

The other nurse’s father was in the business of drilling wells, which was hard, harrowing, honest, precise work-to her thinking her father was composed of these qualities, which lent the word “wells” a certain deep, down-to-earth aura. “Homer” had been the name of one of her family’s umpteen cats.

This other nurse-Nurse Angela, to almost everyone-rarely repeated the names of her babies, whereas poor Nurse Edna had named three John Wilbur Juniors, and two John Larch the Thirds. Nurse Angela knew an inexhaustible number of no-nonsense nouns, which she diligently employed as last names-Maple, Fields, Stone, Hill, Knot, Day, Waters (to list a few)-and a slightly less impressive list of first names borrowed from a family history of many dead but cherished pets (Felix, Fuzzy, Smoky, Sam, Snowy, Joe, Curly, Ed and so forth).

For most of the orphans, of course, these nurse-given names were temporary. The boys’ division had a better record than the girls’ division at placing the orphans in homes when they were babies; too young ever to know the names their good nurses had given them; most of the orphans wouldn’t even remember Nurse Angela or Nurse Edna, the first women in the world to fuss over them. Dr. Larch made it a firm policy that the orphans’ adoptive families not be informed of the names the nurses gave with such zeal. The feeling at St. Cloud’s was that a child, upon leaving the orphanage, should know the thrill of a fresh start-but (especially the boys who were difficult to place and lived at St. Cloud’s the longest) it was hard for Nurse Angela and Nurse Edna, and even for Dr. Larch, not to think of their John Wilburs and John Larches (their Felix Hills, Curly Maples, Joe Knots, Smoky Waterses) as possessing their nurse-given names forever.

The reason Homer Wells kept his name was that he came back to St. Cloud’s so many times, after so many failed foster home, that the orphanage was forced to acknowledge Homer’s intention to make St. Cloud’s his home. It was not easy for anyone to accept, but Nurse Angela and Nurse Edna-and, finally, Dr. Wilbur Larch-were forced to admit that Homer Wells belonged to St. Cloud’s. The determined boy was not put up for adoption anymore.

Nurse Angela, with her love of cats and orphans, once remarked of Homer Wells that the boy must adore the name she gave him because he fought so hard not to lose it.

Reading Group Guide

1. The rules posted on the cider house wall aren't read or understood by anyone living there except Mr. Rose, who makes — and breaks — his own set of rules. What point is John Irving making with the unread rules?

2. What rules, both written and unwritten, do other characters follow in the novel? Did most characters violate their own rules? Who stays the most true to his or her rules?

3. Dr. Larch makes the interesting statement that because women don't legally have the right to choose, Homer Wells does not have a moral claim in choosing not to perform abortions. Do you find Larch's argument compelling? Do you think Homer was ultimately convinced or that he needed an escape from Ocean View?

4. In order to set future events on what he believes to be the correct path, Larch alters the history of the orphanage to create a false heart murmur for Homer and changes various school transcripts to create Dr. Fuzzy Stone. What other doctoring of history does Larch do? Do you think Homer, as Dr. Fuzzy Stone, will continue the tradition?

5. St. Cloud's setting is grim, unadorned, and unhealthy, while Ocean View is healthy, wide open, and full of opportunities. In what ways do the settings of the orphanage and the orchards belie their effect on their residents? What did you make of Homer bringing the apple trees to St. Cloud's?

6. As you were reading, what did you expect Melony to do to Homer when she finally found him? Though Homer forgets about Melony for many years, do you think she had more of an impact on his future than Candy did?

7. Larch's introduction to sex comes through a prostitute and her daughter, and his introduction to abortion is given by the same women. Sex with Melony, the picture of the pony, and abortions performed by Larch introduces Homer to the same issues, yet Homer doesn't maintain sexual abstinence as Larch does. Why do you think this is? Do you think Larch substitutes ether for sex?

8. Violence against women forms a thread throughout the novel; Melony fights off apple pickers, Grace receives constant beatings from her husband, and Rose Rose suffers incest. Does the author seem to be making a connection between violence and sex? How do the women's individual responses to violence reflect their personalities?

9. The issues of fatherhood are complex—as seen in Larch's relation-ship with Homer, and Homer's relationship with Angel — but being a good father or good parent is stressed throughout. According to the novel, what are some of the ingredients that make a good father? Is truthfulness one of them?

10. Candy's "wait and see" philosophy contrasts with Larch's constant tinkering with the future to suit his desires. Based on his personality, is Homer better suited to waiting or to working?

11. Herb Fowler's sabotaged condoms are one example of how people and rules in Ocean View are actually the opposite of what they seem. What other examples can you recall?

12. 12. Near the end, Homer's meeting with Melony is a turning point, spurring him to reveal the truth about Angel's parentage and to return to St. Cloud's, where he can be "of use." While reading, did you want to learn more about Melony's adventures during the intervening years or less? Which character do you think drove the novel's momentum?

13. If you saw the film adaptation of The Cider House Rules, discuss the aspects of the story that you think were stronger in the novel, and the portions of the film that were especially potent. What are your feelings about film adaptations of novels in general, and about the adaptation of this novel in particular? 14. What did you find to be particularly effective or well done in Irving's writing? If you've read other Irving novels, name some of the themes that he carries over from novel to novel.

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The Cider House Rules 4.4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 182 reviews.
songcatchers More than 1 year ago
This is a heavy-hearted novel. The dreams and wishes go unfulfilled for most of the characters. The Cider House Rules takes place mostly between the 1930's and 1950's. It's about rules. It's about how society has rules for people but those rules aren't always the right rules. This is a story about Dr. Wilbur Larch, the "saint" of St. Cloud's, the head of an orphanage and an abortionist in a time when abortions are illegal. But it's even more about Homer Wells, an orphan who is never adopted and becomes a sort of son to Dr. Larch. This novel touches on some delicate issues besides abortion: incest, interracial relationships, lesbianism, child and spousal abuse and ether addiction. I really like the writing style which makes The Cider House Rules a good read. The content of the book is deep. The characters are believable and Irving provides a lot of background. I will absolutely be looking forward to reading other John Irving books in the near future!
Mshchuk More than 1 year ago
I loved this book, and its seemingly complex webs of human interaction and simple cause and effect. Cider House Rules is not for those who lazily skip lines to get to the finish quicker, or those that cringe at frank exploration of taboo subjects, for in the moments one least expects it, Irving exposes some of the most important themes in his novels. What I might possibly love most about Irving's writing is the manner in which he develops his story and the characters along with it. The books starts off with some knowledge about the protagonists that seems a bit insignificant, though shocking, as the middle section of the novel rolls around (there is admittedly a rather long exposition which very carefully evolves into rising action). Throughout the novel readers learn about different characters' complicated backgrounds, which force us to sympathize with them. It's virtually impossible to choose sides in this novel - which is one of the major facts of life the characters have to learn to live with; that there really is no black and white, right or wrong, lord or devil's work (in reference to Larch's secondary, though no less important, job at the orphanage). Another major theme in the novel is that no matter how much you may love someone, that's "all you can do" - you can't force them to love you back, you can't protect them - you can only love them. When I realized that this is in fact true of the world I further embraced Irving's genius at the most unsubtle and blunt manner in which he explores such a paradox. The third major theme, which is executed brilliantly through the use of an orphanage as the central setting, is one to do with belonging and destiny. Larch belongs at the orphanage, though he is not an orphan, and he doesn't mind. He believes that nobody should belong to an orphanage, but eventually comes to the conclusion that Homer does. Homer believes he belongs at the orphanage, until he decides he likes his life at the orchard. However, it seems that Larch (as a sort of 'god' figure) has decided on the course of history, and Larch's 'history' ends up becoming the only history. As I have shown, this novel explores (rather psychologically and twistedly) the roles of all sorts of people and how each character's history twines with another's. An exceptionally profound read, this novel is sure to knock just about anyone's socks off.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I saw the movie before I read the book. Then, when I read the book, I felt even more connected with Homer Wells. I never read anything by John Irving before, but it's definately something I could not put down! If you've seen the movie, read the book. You won't regret it!
Allie736 More than 1 year ago
The Cider House Rules satisfies those who look for a unique plot as well as those seeking intriguing characters. Since the storyline follows the fascinating lives of Dr. Larch and Homer Wells from the very beginning, the reader comes to feel as though he has known these figures his entire life. The book essentially covers three generations, accentuating the differences and similarities between fathers and sons, and providing intimate detail as to why the characters act and feel the way that they do. The book is extremely sociological in that it dissects each individual character's thoughts and feelings, relating them to the people around the character and the things the character has witnessed. Anyone who enjoys the complex interactions between people and their surroundings will appreciate The Cider House Rules. John Irving delves deeper into each character's mind than most other authors, giving the reader a special sense of sympathy and understanding for each. The plot of The Cider House Rules also presents several thought provoking issues. Firstly, since Homer Wells grows up in an orphanage, he is constantly searching for a place where he belongs. Many readers can relate to this plight. Also, Irving thoroughly discusses the place of sex in society. Dr. Larch is completely abstinent, and Homer must figure out the role of sex in his own life. This issue, along with those such as the morality and legality of abortion, and the effects of racism, makes The Cider House Rules an excellent piece to discuss in a group. The Cider House Rules provides insight into controversial issues and addresses universal topics, making it an outstanding book for mature readers. Anyone younger than 16 should probably wait to read The Cider House Rules since the content may not be appropriate for young readers. However, Irving's style of writing is not difficult to comprehend, making the book easy to read, but full of profound ideas. At the end of The Cider House Rules, readers will be eager to get their hands on another of John Irving's books.
Guest More than 1 year ago
This is both my favorite John Irving novel, and one of my favorite novels overall. This is a beautifully constructed story about relationships and love. The love in this book occurs between parents and children, lovers, colleagues, children and adults, and friends. Each element of love and each relationships's flaws and tribulations are essential elements of this story. Some people may be offended by the abortion-related themes in the book, but I found them essential to explaining the rules of society and how those rules can be stretched to accomodate choice and individual circumstances. Please read this book with an open mind and heart.
Guest More than 1 year ago
The Cider House Rules is a must read for any aspiring author. I have never read an author who has such a brilliant gift for exposition. By the time the exposition is over you love the characters and it hooks you for the rest of the book. I have never read a 600 page book this fast. I object to the notion many people say that this is a coming of age novel. Coming of age means 16-25 not 1-50 this is a life novel. This is a human novel and very realistic. The Characters are a mix of good and bad, all of them. This is the first book I read of Irving and I have already bought another one of his books yesterday. My only objection of the book is that it deals with abortion way to much. It did clarify however, why some people are pro-choice. Your position on that subject will be entrenched after you read it though. Overall, an excellent novel and I would recommend it to anyone. It takes you away to another time and place which is slower and more interesting which is always a good thing. If you don¿t have the time to read it don¿t pick it up or you will be hooked and totally neglect anyone around you.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I revisited 'The Cider House Rules' recently, just before picking up another of John Irving's earlier novels, and I again recalled before I reached page 25 what it was about Irving and this novel that made me fall in love with his writing. 'The Cider House Rules' is an epic, Dickensian story, a didactic old-fashioned tale of love and loss that speaks to both the most basic human dilemmas and contentious contemporary subjects. Irving writes with an absurdist aplomb that causes me to find myself laughing when I would never expect to, and cry soon thereafter; his character Homer Wells is a delight, winsome and true. 'The Cider House Rules' is an exquisite novel, and one of the greatest achievements in American letters. I can recommend no book any higher.
Minibush More than 1 year ago
John Irving writes like no one else. His characters' voices have a cadence that gets in your head and you'll find yourself hearing them even after you've set the book aside. Irving is such a talented writer that he can put more into a sentence than most authors can in two paragraphs. "The coastal winds gave the brittle orchard such a shaking that the clashing trees resembled frozen soldiers in all the postures of saber-rattling, but Olive had heard so many years of this season that she never knew a war was coming." Your only regret about reading this book is that when it's over you'll know that the next book you read will never be as good. Unless, of course, you read another Irving.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I read this novel in high school at the time when I was trying to discover 'adult books'. This book changed the way I viewed the world of adults. As a sheltered 14 yr old, I never knew such complexities existed. I was immediately drawn into the world of Homer. Irving described such rich characters that their 'voices' have stayed with me through my college years. It is a book that you never want to forget.
Guest More than 1 year ago
Although I have not read too many books in my life, I thoroughly enjoyed this book by far. Irving has a wonderful imagination that he details so great. The Cider House Rules had me constantly thinking and questioning what would happen to each character. The way you are left hanging at each interval made me not want to put the book down. I will definately read another book by him if not more than that.
Guest More than 1 year ago
When I first started to read this book immedately I was drawn into it and could not put it down. This book has some really good lessons on how to find what you want to do with your life, how to deal with unfamiliar situations, and how to cope with the loss of someone. Irvings style of writing is very easy to follow so it will not be difficult to read. I would reccommend this book to anyone.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I loved the book the whole time I was reading it. Like some books I read I get bored in reading them when it is in the middle of the book, but this book The Cider House Rules I did not get bored at all. This was the most interesting and funniest book I have ever read in my life! With that I would tell you that The Cider House Rules is a great book to read if you wanted to read a book it keeps you in the book the whole time you read it.
Guest More than 1 year ago
The Cider House Rules is a deep novel on many levels. With such richly developed characters it is quite easy to become absorbed in this novel. It is a novel that when you are away dealing with real life, you are longing for some free time to delve back into this created life. It is a novel ultimately about a boy coming of age and his struggles in finding his stance on moral issues of extreme importance. A great novel. Having viewed the movie, I became curious about the novel on which it was based. I certainly was not disappointed!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Just rediscovered this brilliant writer after reading (A prayer for Owen Meany) I love this guy.
Emlyn_Chand on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Preview¿ ¿The Cider House Rules¿ is one of my top three favorite books (along with ¿Jane Eyre¿ and ¿Love in the Time of Cholera¿).Irving tells a fascinating story that spans three generations of characters. The eldest primary character is Dr. Wilbur Larch, the director of an orphanage, who both delivers and aborts unwanted children. For the bulk of the story, we follow Homer Wells, an orphan who was never adopted and ended up becoming Dr. Larch¿s protégé in the obstetric business. Homer decides that it is morally wrong to perform abortions and eventually leaves the orphanage (and his apprenticeship) in the company of a young couple, who he meets when they come in for an abortion. Homer secretly falls in love with the girl, Candy, while her boyfriend, Wally, is off to war.The third primary character that we follow is Angel, Homer¿s son. Angel grows up and falls in love with a migrant African-American orchard worker, who is pregnant with her father¿s child. Homer must decide whether abortion can be correct and proper in some instances, all the while his heart keeps pulling him back towards the orphanage and Dr. Larch.You may like this book if¿ You like reading stories that are both entertaining and informative, you enjoy following multiple main characters, you are interested in learning more about abortion and back-alley abortion against the back drop of WW2, you like dramatic storytelling, you like to ponder several moral and social questions, you like reading about characters who are flawed and vulnerableYou may not like this book if¿ you do not want to read about issues that you think are wrong, you don¿t want to get into your characters¿ heads too much, you don¿t like reading about uncomfortable circumstances, like accountings of back-alley abortion, rape, assault or racial discrimination, you prefer the film adaptation to closely follow the story in the book and don¿t like things to be cut out of the plot line, you do not like characters who are flawed and sometimes make very obvious mistakes
BrianDewey on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Irving, John. The Cider House Rules. Ballentine Books, New York, 1985. This book is a big, sweeping tale. Irving self-consciously copies the major literary works of the 19th century in this story of the 20th. It's got the immense swath of time, the enormous ensemble cast, an orphanage, etc. Overall, I was quite impressed. One failing, that I think keeps me from being more impressed by the book, is the shallowness of Irving's portrayal of Candy, the centerpiece of a fifteen-year love triangle. Since I didn't understand Homer's attraction to her, the final third of the book lacked the requisite emotional punch.
pwjone1 on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
One thing you can say for a John Irving book: It's either great, or it's not. The Cider House Rules is one of his great ones. For one, there's no bears in Austria, vultures in India, or anything like it, and it's set in New England, a place Mr. Irving understands perhaps too well. Cider House is the story of an orphan, growing up, assisting the other main character, a doctor, in deliveries of unmarried women, and other associated activities. We see the orphan then mature and leave the house, not agreeing to everything the doctor is about, but then going out into the world, experiencing the broader life, richer and poorer, learning to do real work. He grows up, learns to love, experiences real life, but that love and experience then seem to lead him, inevitably, inexorably back to where he came from, to resolve issues and his life direction ultimately. The characters all seem very real, with good points and flaws, and the plot line driven by how they interact. Not ultimately a totally happy story, but a very real one, and in the end a satisfying one. You empathize very much with these characters, their directions and decisions, and feel with them both pain and joy.One word on the movie. It's pretty true to the book, but my suggestion would be to both read the book and see the movie. They each add layers, and are both well done. Not at all like Hotel New Hampshire, one of Mr. Irving's good books, but a really very awful movie. Perhaps this is because Cider House is of more moderate length, with fewer characters, and therefore ultimately something that could reasonably be made into a film. But of the Irving books, World According to Garp, Hotel New Hampshire, and Cider House are at the top, while the Cider House movie is probably the best to date.
picardyrose on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
I haven't reread it since it came out, so I might be able to read it again after all these years. It broke my heart. He got a little carried away with Homer's failed adoptions, but the rest was splendid in a very dramatic way.
unlikelyaristotle on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Irving is a storyteller of the first order. He has intriguing characters, interesting plots, and what I think is a unique way of looking at the world. There is a lot of depth to his stories, and I wonder whether all his books can possibly be as good as this one, or the few others that I have read. He's such a prolific writer, I'm almost afraid to read all of them I don't want to ruin my own image of him!
HotWolfie on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This book is heavy handed in its message, but since that would be the mindset of the lead characters (third person omniscient POV) I didn't mind. I thought the characters were all well rounded, and each had a distinctive voice. The story was entertaining to read, and I enjoyed seeing the character arc with Homer. It was interesting to see Homer start off very grounded in his moral opinion, and then as he wandered through the harshness of the world outside the orphanage he learned that maybe things weren't as simple as before, that there were gray areas. It was thought provoking.So, the heavy handed message may turn some readers off, but whether you are pro-choice or pro-life I feel it's an interesting read, especially for the unique characters presented in the story.
jaapberk on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Wonderful book, wonderful picture
HoladayB on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
One of my favorite's by Irving. And actually, the movie wasn't too bad!
BookBindingBobby on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
One of the Great American Novels of the 20th centurty.
petiteflour on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
I enjoyed this story, serious and funny all at the same time. John Irving is a great story teller.
Glorybe1 on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
I loved this book about Homer Wells an Orphan born at St Clouds orphanage in Maine. Everyone loves his sweet disposition yet all the adoptions set up for Homer Wells are unsuccessful! Wilbur Larch the patriarch of St Clouds, loves Homer like a son and is secretly glad!Wilbur Is addicted to ether from his younger days when he contracted Gonorrhoea from a prostitute that his father organised as a right of passage. He sees 2 women die in terrible pain because of botched abortions and decides he will do all he can to stop it happening to other women, so he performs abortions,( always safely but always in secret) or delivers a live baby to women that want their babies adopted, but he always wants to make things easy for these poor women.He has plans for Homer Wells, but has to let him have a life of his own, to make sure they come to fruition! We see Homer trying to find happiness, but always feel that there is something missing for him. He falls into an unpassionate relationship with Melony another lonely orphan at St Clouds, but it was never going to last as Melony was angry MOST of the time and frightened Homer ALL of the time! the relationship fizzles out naturally and Meloney spends the rest of her adult life searching for the hero she thought Homer was going to be.The story is complex and very very touching, I so wanted happiness for Homer but it never fully arrived and I was a little disappointed in how we see Melony at the end.I loved this book and would recommend it wholeheartedly.