Chemistry of the Environment

Chemistry of the Environment

by David Newton

Paperback

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Overview

Chemistry of the Environment focuses on the role of chemistry in environmental issues-including air and water pollution, solid waste, and the field of green chemistry. It presents an overview of pollution in human societies and describes the various problems arising from it with which people have had to deal. The balance between progress and pollution is considered, and a brief introduction to social, political, economic, legal, and other issues related to the environment is provided.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780816077472
Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
Publication date: 09/01/2008
Series: The New Chemistry Series
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.70(d)
Age Range: 11 - 17 Years

Table of Contents


Introduction ix
1 The Road to Earth Day 1 Pollution Issues in Human History 2 The Birth of Pollution Laws and Regulations 6 Earth Day 1970 8 Rachel Carson (1907-1964) 10 Gaylord Nelson (1916-2005) 13 Denis Hayes (1944- ) 14
2 Chemistry of the Air: Pollutants 18 Carbon Monoxide 18 Oxides of Nitrogen 24 Eugene Houdry (1892-1962) 30 Sulfur Dioxide 33 Particulate Matter 38 Volatile Organic Compounds 42 Ozone 46 Lead 48 Air Quality Standards 51
3 Chemistry of the Atmosphere: Changes in the Atmosphere 55 Properties of the Atmosphere 56 Acid Rain 57 Depletion of the Ozone Layer 67 Thomas Midgley, Jr. (1889-1944) 70 Global Climate Change 79 Veerabhadran Ramanathan (1944- ) 88
4 Chemistry of Water Pollution 95 Common Pollutants and Sources 96 John Cairns, Jr. (1923- ) 100 Oxygen-depleting Substances 100 Nutrients 105 Sedimentation and Siltation 108 Pathogens 111 Ruth Patrick (1907- ) 112 Toxic Organic Chemicals 115 Heavy Metals 119 Acidity 124 Heat 126
5 Chemistry of Solid Waste Disposal 132 An Overview of Solid Wastes 133 Municipal Solid Wastes 135 Municipal Solid Waste Disposal: Landfills 138 Municipal Solid Waste Disposal: Incineration 144 Reducing Municipal Solid Wastes: Recycling 146 Vance Packard (1914-1996) 150 Industrial Wastes 155 Robert Bullard (1946- ) 156 Nuclear Wastes 166
6 Green Chemistry 174 The Problem: Releasing Hazardous Chemicals into the Environment 175 A Solution: Green Chemistry 178 The Structure of Green Chemistry in the United States 180 Joe Breen (1942-1999) 182 Paul Anastas (1962- ) 185 Atom Economy 186 Alternative Raw Materials 191 Catalysis 199 Solvents 203 Conclusion 208 Glossary 211 Further Reading 218 Index 221

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