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Cairo since 1900: An Architectural Guide

Cairo since 1900: An Architectural Guide

by Mohamed Elshahed

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Overview

The first of its kind, a substantive guide to over 220 modern buildings in Cairo—and the basis of an exhibition at New York’s Center for Architecture entitled, “Cairo Modern”

The city of a thousand minarets is also the city of eclectic modern constructions, turn-of-the-century revivalism and romanticism, concrete expressionism, and modernist design. Yet while much has been published on Cairo’s ancient, medieval, and early-modern architectural heritage, the city’s modern architecture has to date not received the attention it deserves. Cairo since 1900: An Architectural Guide is the first comprehensive architectural guide to the constructions that have shaped and continue to shape the Egyptian capital since the early twentieth century.

From the sleek apartment tower for Inji Zada in Ghamra designed by Antoine Selim Nahas in 1937, to the city’s many examples of experimental church architecture, and visible landmarks such as the Mugamma and Arab League buildings, Cairo is home to a rich store of modernist building styles. Arranged by geographical area, the guide includes entries for more than 220 buildings and sites of note, each entry consisting of concise, explanatory text describing the building and its significance accompanied by photographs, drawings, and maps. This pocket-sized volume is an ideal companion for the city’s visitors and residents as well as an invaluable resource for scholars and students of Cairo’s architecture and urban history.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789774168697
Publisher: American University in Cairo Press, The
Publication date: 03/02/2020
Pages: 407
Sales rank: 931,181
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 7.50(h) x (d)

About the Author

Mohamed Elshahed is a researcher, curator, and specialist on architecture, design, and material culture in Egypt. He holds a PhD from New York University and an MA from MIT. He is the curator of the Modern Egypt Project at the British Museum and founder of Cairobserver.com.

Table of Contents

Contents

Foreword by Mercedes

Volait................................................................................................................17

Acknowledgments...............................................................................................................19

Building Selection..................................................................................................................................23

Introduction........................................................................................................................27

Glossary..................................................................................................................................43

Maps.....................................................................................................................................53

Historic Cairo.................................................................................................................69

1. Al-Azhar Administration, 1936..................................................................................72

2. Muhammad Abduh Auditorium, 1946....................................................................73

3. Museum of Islamic Art and National Library, 1903...................................................74

4. Al-Rifai Mosque, 1912................................................................................................76

5. Mustafa Kamel Mausoleum, 1947............................................................................78

6. Hassanein Bey Mausoleum, 1946............................................................................79

7. Al-Azhar Park, 2004....................................................................................................80

Downtown.....................................................................................................................83

8. Egyptian Museum, 1902............................................................................................86

9. Arab Socialist Union (demolished), 1959.................................................................87

10. Nile Hilton Hotel (Ritz Carlton), 1953–58...............................................................88

11. League of Arab States, 1955..................................................................................89

12. Qasr al-Nil Bridge, 1933...........................................................................................90

13. Omar Makram Mosque, 1948...............................................................................91

14. Al-Mugammaa, 1951...............................................................................................92

15. AUC Science Building (demolished), 1966............................................................94

16. Aziz Bahari Buildings (Tahrir Square), 1934.........................................................95

17. Cleopatra Palace Hotel, 1962..................................................................................96

18. Khoury Building, 1941.............................................................................................97

19. Baehler Buildings, 1920s, 1934..............................................................................98

20. Misr Insurance Company Offices, 1950..............................................................100

21. Misr Insurance Company Offices, 1952..............................................................101

22. Ahmed Kamel Pacha Building, 1936....................................................................102

23. AUC Jameel Building, 1989..................................................................................103

24. AUC Library (Greek Campus), 1978.....................................................................104

25. Bab al-Louq Station, 1932....................................................................................106

26. Chamber of Commerce, 1955..............................................................................107

27. Strand Building, 1957...........................................................................................108

28. Al-Tabbakh Mosque, 1931...................................................................................109

29. Awqaf Administration, 1898–1929......................................................................110

30. Alexandria Insurance Company, 1952................................................................112

31. Immobilia Building, 1940.......................................................................................114

32. Central Bank, 1930–47.........................................................................................116

33. Murad Wahba Pasha Building, 1949.................................................................117

34. Ayrout Building, 1937..........................................................................................118

35. Radio Tower, 1954................................................................................................119

36. Church and Convent of Saint Joseph, 1909.....................................................120

37. Banque Misr, 1927................................................................................................121

38. Banque Misr Tower, 1985....................................................................................121

39. Aziz Bahari Buildings (Mustafa Kamel Square), 1938.......................................122

40. Assicurazioni Generali Building, 1939................................................................123

41. Crédit Foncier Égyptien, 1903.............................................................................124

42. Shaar Hashamayim Synagogue, 1905................................................................125

43. Tiring Department Store, 1912...........................................................................126

44. Sednaoui Department Store, 1913.....................................................................127

45. Khedival Buildings, 1911......................................................................................128

46. George and Helal Shammaa Building, 1952......................................................129

47. Misr Petroleum Company, 1948.........................................................................130

48. Arabic Music Institute, 1923................................................................................131

49. Egyptian Society of Engineers, 1923–46.............................................................132

50. Abdel Hamid al-Shawarbi Pasha Building, 1925...............................................133

51. High Court, 1924–34.............................................................................................134

52. La Genevoise, 1937...............................................................................................136

53. Waqf Gamalian Buildings, 1940..........................................................................137

54. Ouzonian Building, 1949......................................................................................138

55. Al-Nasr Import–Export Company, 1964.............................................................139

Bulaq..................................................................................................................141

56. Nefertiti Hotel (proposed), 1962.........................................................................144

57. Ramses Hilton Hotel, 1976–79............................................................................145

58. TV and Radio Administration, 1960....................................................................146

59. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1994.........................................................................147

60. Nile Tower (proposed), 2007...............................................................................148

61. St. Regis Hotel, 2018.............................................................................................149

62. World Trade Center, 1988....................................................................................150

63. Akhbar al-Yom Building, 1948.............................................................................151

64. Al-Ahram Building, 1968......................................................................................152

65. Turguman Regeneration Plan (proposed), 1967...............................................153

66. Maspero Triangle Master Plan (proposed), 2015..............................................154

Sayeda Zeinab & Abdeen............................................................................................157

67. Cultural Park for Children, 1990.........................................................................160

68. Waqf of Raafat Bey, 1940.....................................................................................162

69. Al-Sharq Cinema, 1947.........................................................................................162

70. Dar al-Hilal Printing Press, 1945..........................................................................163

71. Saad Zaghloul Mausoleum, 1931........................................................................164

72. Misr Insurance Company, 1947..........................................................................166

73. Zeinhom Housing Development, 1955–2007....................................................168

74. National Museum of Egyptian Civilization (NMEC), 1984–2017......................169

Garden City..................................................................................................................171

75. Al Chams Building, 1949......................................................................................174

76. Cairo Center Office Building, 1969.....................................................................176

77. Embassy of the United States of America, 1989...............................................177

78. Egyptian Company for Real Estate Investment, 1940......................................178

79. Petroleum Cooperative Society, 1957................................................................180

80. Mobil Building, 1959.............................................................................................181

81. Serageldin Palace, 1908.......................................................................................182

82. Residential Building (2 al-Fasqiya Street), 1938................................................183

83. Houd al-Laban Building, 1960s...........................................................................184

84. Sabet Sabet Building, 1958..................................................................................185

85. Arab African International Bank, c.2000............................................................186

86. Ibrahimiya School, 1939.......................................................................................187

87. Residential Building (2 Ittihad al-Muhamiyin Street), 1940s............................188

88. Egyptian Medical Syndicate (Dar al-Hikma), 1949.............................................189

Manial..............................................................................................................191

89. Le Méridien Hotel, 1974.......................................................................................194

90. Qasr al-Aini Medical School, 1923–33.................................................................195

91. Manial Palace, 1901–29.........................................................................................196

92. Saraya Ahmed Mustafa Abu Rehab, 1949.........................................................198

93. Ibrahim Mosque, 1945.........................................................................................199

Giza...................................................................................................................201

94. Cairo University Hall, 1937...................................................................................204

95. Al-Shafiq Building, 1948.......................................................................................206

96. Halim Dos Bey Building, 1937.............................................................................208

97. Misr Insurance Company, 1961..........................................................................210

98. Villa Anis Serageldin (demolished), 1934...........................................................211

99. Villa William Habib (demolished), 1933..............................................................212

100. Villa Cassab (demolished), 1940.......................................................................213

101. Villa Dr. Kamal Abdel Razeq (demolished), 1947............................................214

102. Villa Ibrahim al-Kassas Bey (demolished), 1948..............................................215

Dokki & Agouza...........................................................................................................217

103. Aziz Abdel Malik Hanna Building, 1937............................................................220

104. Faisal Bank, 2000................................................................................................221

105. State Council, c.1990..........................................................................................222

106. Goethe-Institut, 2016.........................................................................................223

107. Mohandes Insurance Headquarters, 1999......................................................224

108. Embassy of the Czech Republic, 1980..............................................................225

109. Ahram Beverages Company, 1900...................................................................226

110. National Research Center, 1956.......................................................................227

111. Musaddaq Office Building, 1995.......................................................................228

112. Mahmoud Othman Building, 1955...................................................................229

113. Al-Kateb Hospital, 1946......................................................................................230

114. Bishara Building, 1937.......................................................................................231

115. Agouza Hospital, 1939........................................................................................232

116. Shahrazad Hotel, c.1982....................................................................................233

Mohandiseen ...............................................................................................................235

117. Madinat al-Awqaf, 1948.....................................................................................238

118. Media City Apartments, 1959............................................................................239

119. National Center for Social and Criminological Research, 1959.....................240

120. Sphinx Cinema,1965..........................................................................................241

121. Residential Building (26 Gameat al-Diwal al-Arabiya Street), 1986..............242

122. City Central Premium Offices, 2017.................................................................243

123. Residential Building (16 Lebanon Street), 1980s............................................244

124. Villa Shawky, 1968..............................................................................................245

125. Villa Badran, 1971...............................................................................................246

Imbaba...........................................................................................................249

126. Imbaba Bridge, 1924..........................................................................................252

127. New Amiriya Printing Press, 1973...................................................................253

128. Workers’ City, 1950.............................................................................................254

129. Tahrir City, 1958..................................................................................................256

130. Giza Park, 2013...................................................................................................257

Zamalek..........................................................................................................259

131. Exhibition Grounds, 1936–49.............................................................................262

132. Opera House, 1988.............................................................................................263

133. Mahmoud Mukhtar Museum, 1962.................................................................264

134. 1952 Revolution Museum (unfinished), 1951–2009.......................................265

135. Cairo Tower, 1961...............................................................................................266

136. Nabil Amr Ibrahim Palace, 1923.......................................................................268

137. All Saints Cathedral, 1988..................................................................................269

138. Forte Tower (unfinished), 1976.........................................................................270

139. Islamic Congress Secretariat (proposed), 1957...............................................271

140. Rodrigue Flats, 1945...........................................................................................272

141. Lebon Building, 1950..........................................................................................273

142. Henri and Georges Boinet Building, 1934.......................................................274

143. Ali Labib Gabr Building, 1951............................................................................275

144. Zamalek Tower (Wahbi Mousa Soliman Building), 1953................................276

145. Dar al-Hana (Madame Khayyat Building), 1938..............................................278

146. Villa Umm Kulthoum (demolished), 1936........................................................279

147. Virgin Mary Church (al-Maraashli Church), 1959............................................280

148. Sedky Pasha Building, 1947...............................................................................281

Shubra..............................................................................................................283

149. Corniche al-Nil Towers, 1992.............................................................................286

150. Rod al-Farag Market, 1947.................................................................................287

151. Don Bosco Italian Technical Institute, 1926....................................................288

152. Khazindara Mosque, 1927.................................................................................290

153. Saint Teresa Church, 1931................................................................................291

Daher & Abbasiya........................................................................................................293

154. Church of Collège de la Salle Frères School, 1955..........................................296

155. Al-Halabi Print House, 1937...............................................................................297

156. Residential Building (35 Sabil al-Khazindar Street), 1931..............................298

157. École Alliance Israélite Universelle, 1928........................................................299

158. Waqf Inji Zada, 1937...........................................................................................300

159. October Bridge, 1969–99....................................................................................301

160. Boutros Ghali Memorial Church, 1911.............................................................302

161. Saint Mark’s Coptic Cathedral, 1968.................................................................303

162. 23 July Development, 1962................................................................................304

163. Ain Shams University Lecture Halls, 1969.......................................................305

164. Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University, 1933.......................................306

165. Gamal Abdel Nasser Mosque, 1966.................................................................307

Heliopolis......................................................................................................309

166. Waqf Asmaa Hanem Halim, 1948.....................................................................312

167. Heliopolis (Ferial) Hospital, 1955......................................................................314

168. Saint Catherine’s Church, 1950.........................................................................316

169. Le Méridien Hotel, 1987.....................................................................................317

170. Society for Culture and Development, 1997...................................................318

171. Heliopolis War Cemetery, 1941........................................................................318

172. Baron Empain Palace, 1911...............................................................................319

173. Cathedral of Our Lady of Heliopolis, 1910......................................................320

174. Fayza Hanem Owais Building, 1949................................................................322

175. Mahallawy Building, 1949..................................................................................323

176. Residential Building (Sesostris/Mamoun Streets), 1911...............................324

177. Cinema Farouk, 1949........................................................................................325

178. Heliopolis Company Buildings, 1908................................................................326

179. Elias Bey Rizq Building, 1948.............................................................................328

180. Regine Khoury Building, 1934...........................................................................328

181. Fattouh Bey Guinenah Building, 1941..............................................................329

182. Merryland Apartments, 1958............................................................................330

183. Merryland Park, 1963.........................................................................................332

184. Madinat Ghernata, 1928....................................................................................334

185. Debbane Bey Building, 1940.............................................................................335

186. Gamal Abdel Nasser Museum, 2017................................................................336

187. Villa Kamel Bek Abdel Halim (demolished), 1932...........................................337

188. Villa Mrs. Valadji (demolished), 1933................................................................337

Nasr City.......................................................................................................................339

189. Nasr City Plan, 1953...........................................................................................342

190. Al-Azhar University Campus, 1962–65..............................................................344

191. Cairo International Stadium, 1960...................................................................346

192. Expo City (proposed), 2009................................................................................347

193. Unknown Soldier Memorial, 1975....................................................................348

194. Military Parade Stands, 1960.............................................................................349

195. Government Sector, 1960..................................................................................350

196. Nasr City Company for Housing and Development headquarters, 1959....351

197. Housing Model 20, 1959 ...................................................................................352

198. Housing Model 10, 1959....................................................................................353

199. Housing Model 15, 1959....................................................................................354

200. Nasr City Cinema (demolished), 1962..............................................................355

201. Al-Rahma Mosque, 1982....................................................................................356

202. Housing Model 22, 1959....................................................................................357

203. Housing Model 33, 1959.....................................................................................358

Maadi...........................................................................................................................361

204. Residential Building (Road 256), 1962..............................................................364

205. Saint Thérèse Church (proposed), 1950s.........................................................365

206. Maadi Mosque, 1938..........................................................................................366

207. Villa Sayed Karim, 1948......................................................................................367

208. Maadi Garden Villas, 1949.................................................................................370

209. Maadi Palace Building, 1996.............................................................................371

210. Supreme Constitutional Court, 1999................................................................372

211. Maadi Towers, 1987...........................................................................................373

Outskirts.....................................................................................................................375

212. The American University in Cairo, 2008...........................................................378

213. Bank ABC, 2018...................................................................................................380

214. Unity Building, 2015...........................................................................................381

215. Cairo International Airport, 1963......................................................................382

216. Abusir House 2, 2003.........................................................................................384

217. Harraniya Arts Center, 1951–72........................................................................386

218. Farouk Resthouse, 1946....................................................................................387

219. Grand Egyptian Museum, projected 2022.......................................................388

220. Pyramid House, 2009–19....................................................................................389

221. National Cancer Institute, projected 2019.......................................................390

222. Dar al-Handasa Office Building, 2013..............................................................391

223. Designopolis, 2012..............................................................................................392

224. Japanese Garden, 1917.....................................................................................393

225. Studios Misr, 1935...............................................................................................394

226. Skyline, projected 2020......................................................................................395

Notes.......................................................................................................................................400

Bibliography........................................................................................................................402

Index of Architects..............................................................................................................................406

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

" Cairo since 1900: An Architectural Guide not only fills an immense gap in the architectural history of the region, but also makes a much-needed intervention into the history of global modernism. The urban fabric of this cosmopolitan and vibrant city is described in rich detail, with information on the architects as well as the patrons who gave shape to it. It will serve as an essential guide to understanding, visiting, and studying modern Cairo."—Kishwar Rizvi, Yale University

“The Egyptian capital, for too many visitors, is a bewildering urban fabric to be traversed in search of antiquity, circum-navigated to reach the pyramids of Giza, or bisected rapidly to reach historic mosques. Yet to the trained eye sprawling Cairo’s modern fabric spells out the fascinating history of twentieth-century Egypt. Scholarly and user-friendly at the same time, this indispensable guide is a veritable Rosetta stone for decoding the various languages in which the quest for modernization and identity was expressed in concrete, steel, brick, and stone.”—Barry Bergdoll, Columbia University

"The abundant architectural production which has dotted Cairo since the early twentieth century with dozens of remarkable structures has never been thoroughly documented. This guide is a revelation and will help, thanks to its clarity and precision, both locals and visitors to discover the astonishing buildings which have crystallized the modernization of Egypt's capital."—Jean-Louis Cohen, New York University Institute of Fine Arts

" Cairo since 1900 is a timely addition to our appreciation of Cairo's urban fabric. With meticulous research and beautiful photographs, Elshahed offers us a unique survey of the city's modernist architectural gems."—Khaled Fahmy, University of Cambridge

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