Bulk Collection: Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data

Bulk Collection: Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data

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Overview

This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations.

This book is the culmination of nearly six years of research initiated by Fred Cate and Jim Dempsey to examine national practices and laws regarding systematic government access to personal information held by private-sector companies. Leading an effort sponsored by The Privacy Projects, they commissioned a series of country reports, asking national experts to uncover what they could about government demands on telecommunications providers and other private-sector companies to disclose bulk information about their customers. Their initial research found disturbing indications of systematic access in countries around the world. These data collection programs, often undertaken in the name of national security, were cloaked in secrecy and largely immune from oversight, posing serious threats to personal privacy. After the Snowden leaks confirmed these initial findings, the project morphed into something more ambitious: an effort to explore what should be the rules for government access to private-sector data, and how companies should respond to government demands for access.

This book contains twelve updated country reports plus eleven analytic chapters that present descriptive and normative frameworks for assessing national surveillance laws, survey evolving international law and human rights principles applicable to government surveillance, and describe oversight mechanisms. It also explores the concept of accountability and the role of encryption in shaping the surveillance debate. Cate and Dempsey conclude by offering recommendations for both governments and industry.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780190685515
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 10/06/2017
Pages: 504
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author

Fred H. Cate is Vice President for Research, Distinguished Professor, and C. Ben Dutton Professor of Law at Indiana University. The author of more than 150 articles and books and a frequent advisor to government and industry on privacy and security issues, he serves as a senior policy advisor to the Centre for Information Policy Leadership at Hunton & Williams LLP and is one of the founding editors of the OUP journal, International Data Privacy Law.

James X. Dempsey is executive director of the Berkeley Center for Law & Technology at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law. Previously, he was at the Center for Democracy & Technology, where he held a number of leadership positions, including Executive Director and head of CDT West. From 2012 to January 2017, he served as a member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board, an independent federal agency charged with advising senior policymakers and overseeing US counterterrorism programs. He is coauthor (with David Cole) of Terrorism & the Constitution: Sacrificing Civil Liberties in the Name of National Security.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors

Acknowledgments

Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations

Introduction and Background
Fred H. Cate and James X. Dempsey

Part I: Country Reports

Overview

1. Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data: a Comparative Analysis
Ira S. Rubinstein, Gregory T. Nojeim and Ronald D. Lee

Europe and the Middle East

2. Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data in France
Winston Maxwell

3. Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data in Germany
Paul M. Schwartz

4. Systematic Government Access to Private Sector Data in Israel
Omer Tene

5. Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data in Italy
Giorgio Resta
The Americas

6. Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data in Brazil
Bruno Magrani

7. Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data in Canada
Jane Bailey and Sara Shayan

8. Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data in the United States I
Stephanie Pell

9. Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data in the United States II: The US Supreme Court and Information Privacy
Fred H. Cate and Beth E. Cate

Asia and the Pacific

10. Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data in Australia
Dan Jerker B. Svantesson

11. Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data in China
Zhizheng Wang

12. Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data in India
Sunil Abraham

13. Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data in Japan
Motohiro Tsuchiya

14. Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data in the Republic of Korea
Sang Jo Jong

Part II: Governance and Oversight

15. Chapter 5: Organisational Accountability, Government Use of Private Sector Data, National Security, and Individual Privacy
James X. Dempsey, Fred H. Cate, and Martin Abrams

16. Chapter 6: Surveillance and Privacy Protection in Latin America: Examples, Principles, and Suggestions
Eduardo Bertoni and Collin Kurre

17. Trust But Verify: The Importance of Oversight and Transparency in the Pursuit of Public Safety and National Security
Scott Charney

18. Regulating Foreign Surveillance through International Law
Ashley Deeks

19. Preventing the Police State: International Human Rights Laws Concerning Systematic Government Access to Communications Held or Transmitted by the Private Sector
Sarah St. Vincent

20. Standards for Independent Oversight: the European Perspective
Nico van Eijk

21. Stakeholders in Reform of the Global System for Mutual Legal Assistance [New 5550 words]
Peter Swire
Justin Hemmings

22. From Real-Time Intercepts to Stored Records: Why Encryption Drives the Government to Seek Access to the Cloud
Peter Swire

Part III: Conclusion

23. Recommendations for Government and Industry
James X. Dempsey and Fred H. Cate

Part IV: Appendices
Participants, Washington, April 3, 2012
Participants, London, June 3, 2013
Participants, Brussels, November 12, 2013
Participants, Montreal, May 9, 2014
Participants, London, May 30, 2014
Participants, London, March 1-2, 2016

Index

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