Building Rules: How Local Controls Shape Community Environments and Economies

Building Rules: How Local Controls Shape Community Environments and Economies

by Kee Warner, Harvey Molotch

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Overview

Urban and suburban growth is a burning local issue for communities across the United States and many other parts of the world. Concerns include protecting habitats, high costs of infrastructure, social inequalities, traffic congestion, and more intangible worries about "quality of life." Citizens pressure public officials to intensify development regulations, flying in the face of local "growth machines." Builders and growth boosters oppose regulation as unfair and bad for local economies. Based on a systematic comparative study of urban areas in Southern California, this book provides a much-needed examination of the true impacts of local development controls, including the ways that they ahve and have not made a difference. The authors draw general implications for communities elsewhere and how to better understand theories of growth and urban governance.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780913339237
Publisher: Bryce-Waterton Publications
Publication date: 01/28/2001
Pages: 204
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author


Kee Warner is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Colorado, Colorado Springs. Harvey Molotch teaches in the Department of Sociology at the University of California, Santa BarbaraKee Warner is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Colorado, Colorado Springs. Harvey Molotch teaches in the Department of Sociology at the University of California, Santa Barbara

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Illustrationsix
Acknowledgmentsxi
1The Relevance of Regulation1
Environmentalism as Local Urge4
The Critique: Stranglers of the Economy7
Economy Versus the Environment: Some Past Findings12
Local Regulation and Urban Theory16
Assessing Regulation20
Plan of the Book21
2Sites23
Learning from Southern California23
Selecting Study Sites25
Identifying Growth Controls26
Santa Barbara South Coast30
Santa Monica36
The Riverside Area41
Growth Controls in Place: A Summary50
3Has Growth Been Stopped? Not Much52
First Findings: Rates of Growth52
Testing the Power of Growth Restrictions56
An Alternative Testing Strategy57
4Power to Build: How Cities Grow Under Growth Control59
Growth Through Symbolic Growth Control60
Growth Through Episodic Growth Control62
Growth Through Countervailing Policies64
Growth Through Developer Initiatives66
The Context of Control: Comparative Power Advantages69
The Ways of Growth73
5Project Peddling: What Gets Approved and How78
Peddling Around with Our Projects80
What Gets Approved and How80
Project Environmental Reviews95
Local Knowledge Base for Planning Decisions100
Resisting Growth: A Matter of Degree101
6Indirect Effects: How Building Rules Make Growth Different104
Traffic105
Natural Limits108
Affordable Housing109
Social Equity112
Urban Spatial Form117
Project Aesthetics120
Exactions on the Ground: A Tally Between Places122
7Building the Rules129
Enhancing the Quality of Public Decisions130
Regulation as Economic Boon132
Grounding Sustainability133
Who Wins What?135
Making Markets Smarter141
Valuing Land and Community143
Balancing Commercial and Public Interests145
Taking Stock of Local Controls146
Appendix AMeasuring Growth Control Impacts149
Notes to Appendix A156
Appendix BChronologies of Growth Control157
Appendix CCommercial Valuation Data, 1970-1990167
Appendix DResidential Building Rates169
Appendix ECase Study Details171
Appendix FInterview Schedule183
Reference List185
Index201

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