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World Bank Publications
Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy / Edition 1

Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy / Edition 1

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Civil war conflict is a core development issue. The existence of civil war can dramatically slow a country's development process, especially in low-income countries which are more vulnerable to civil war conflict. Conversely, development can impede civil war. When development succeeds, countries become safer-when development fails, they experience a greater risk of being caught in a conflict trap. Ultimately, civil war is a failure of development.

'Breaking the Conflict Trap' identifies the dire consequences that civil war has on the development process and offers three main findings. First, civil war has adverse ripple effects that are often not taken into account by those who determine whether wars start or end. Second, some countries are more likely than others to experience civil war conflict and thus, the risks of civil war differ considerably according to a country's characteristics including its economic stability. Finally, Breaking the Conflict Trap explores viable international measures that can be taken to reduce the global incidence of civil war and proposes a practical agenda for action.

This book should serve as a wake up call to anyone in the international community who still thinks that development and conflict are distinct issues.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780821354810
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Publication date: 05/30/2003
Series: Policy Research Reports
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 6.78(w) x 9.26(h) x 0.47(d)

Table of Contents

The Report Teamxiii
Acronyms and Abbreviationsxv
Let Them Fight It Out among Themselves?1
What Can We Do about Ancestral Hatreds?3
The Conflict Trap4
The Rising Global Incidence of Conflict5
Nothing Can Be Done6
Part I.Cry Havoc: Why Civil War Matters11
1.Civil War as Development in Reverse13
Costs during Conflict13
Legacy Effects of Civil War19
2.Let Them Fight It Out among Themselves?33
Neighborhood Effects of Civil War33
Global Effects of Civil War41
Part II.What Fuels Civil War?51
3.What Makes a Country Prone to Civil War?53
Understanding Rebellion55
The Conflict Trap79
4.Why Is Civil War So Common?93
Changes in the Global Pattern of Civil War93
Changes in the Incidence of Civil War98
Unpacking the Global Incidence of Civil War100
Conclusion: Poverty and the Conflict Trap117
Part III.Policies for Peace119
5.What Works Where?121
Conflict Prevention in the Successful Developers122
Marginalized Countries at Peace125
Ending Conflicts140
Reducing Postconflict Risks150
6.An Agenda for International Action173
Precedents for International Action174
International Policies for Peace175
Conclusion: A New Goal for 2015?186
Appendix 1.Methods and Data189
Data Set and Model189
Data Sources193
Appendix 2.A Selected Bibliography of Studies of Civil War and Rebellion197
Economic Factors197
Role of Ethnicity and Nationalism198
Anatomy of Rebellion199
Role of the State199
Negotiation and Implementation of Peace200
1.1Violent conflict and the transformation of social capital16
1.2Refugees and IDPs in Liberia and Sudan20
1.4Psychological trauma29
1.5Landmines: A bitter legacy for Cambodians31
2.1Regional arms races34
3.1Modeling the risk of civil war58
3.2Oil and demands for secession in Nigeria61
3.3Inefficient counterinsurgency measures in Indonesia73
3.4Financing the Chechen rebellion78

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