The Biological Consequences of Socioeconomic Inequalities

The Biological Consequences of Socioeconomic Inequalities

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Social scientists have repeatedly uncovered a disturbing feature of economic inequality: people with larger incomes and better education tend to lead longer, healthier lives. This pattern holds across all ages and for virtually all measures of health, apparently indicating a biological dimension of inequality. But scholars have only begun to understand the complex mechanisms that drive this disparity. How exactly do financial well-being and human physiology interact? The Biological Consequences of Socioeconomic Inequalities incorporates insights from the social and biological sciences to quantify the biology of disadvantage and to assess how poverty gets under the skin to impact health. Drawing from unusually rich datasets of biomarkers, brain scans, and socioeconomic measures, Biological Consequences of Socioeconomic Inequalities illustrates exciting new paths to understanding social inequalities in health. Barbara Wolfe, William N. Evans and Nancy Adler begin the volume with a critical evaluation of the literature on income and health, providing a lucid review of the difficulties of establishing clear causal pathways between the two variables. In their chapter, Arun S. Karlamangla, Tara L. Gruenewald, and Teresa E. Seeman outline the potential of biomarkers—such as cholesterol, heart pressure, and C-reactive protein—to assess and indicate the factors underlying health. Edith Chen, Hannah M. C. Schreier, and Meanne Chan reveal the empirical power of biomarkers by examining asthma, a condition steeply correlated with socioeconomic status. Their analysis shows how stress at the individual, family, and neighborhood levels can increase the incidence of asthma. The volume then turns to cognitive neuroscience, using biomarkers in a new way to examine the impact of poverty on brain development. Jamie Hanson, Nicole Hair, Amitabh Chandra, Ed Moss, Jay Bhattacharya, Seth D. Pollack, and Barbara Wolfe use a longitudinal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) study of children between the ages of four and eighteen to study the link between poverty and limited cognition among children. Michelle C. Carlson, Christopher L. Seplaki, and Teresa E. Seeman also focus on brain development to examine the role of socioeconomic status in cognitive decline among older adults. Featuring insights from the biological and social sciences, Biological Consequences of Socioeconomic Inequalities will be an essential resource for scholars interested in socioeconomic disparities and the biological imprint that material deprivation leaves on the human body.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781610447935
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Publication date: 11/09/2012
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 292
File size: 4 MB

About the Author

BARBARA WOLFE is professor of public affairs, economics, and population health sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. WILLIAM N. EVANS is Keough-Hesburge Professor of Economics in the Department of Economics at the University of Notre Dame. TERESA E. SEEMAN is professor of medicine and epidemiology in the school of public health at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Table of Contents

Contents List of Tables and Figures Contributors Preface 1. The SES and Health Gradient: A Brief Review of the Literature 2. Promise of Biomarkers in Assessing and Predicting Health 3. Biological Imprints of Social Status: Socioeconomic Gradients in Biological Markers of Disease Risk 4. Dissecting Pathways for Socioeconomic Gradients in Childhood Asthma 5. Cardiovascular Consequences of Income Change 6. Cognitive Neuroscience and Disparities in Socioeconomic Status 7. Brain Development and Poverty: A First Look 8. Reversing the Impact of Disparities in Socioeconomic Status over the Life Course on Cognitive and Brain Aging 9. Conclusions Index

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