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Pearson Prentice Hall
Operating Systems: Internals and Design Principles

Operating Systems: Internals and Design Principles

by William Stallings
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Blending up-to-date theory with state-of-the-art applications, this book offers a comprehensive treatment of operating systems, with an emphasis on internals and design issues. It helps readers develop a solid understanding of the key structures and mechanisms of operating systems, the types of trade-offs and decisions involved in OS design, and the context within which the operating system functions (hardware, other system programs, application programs, interactive users). Process Description And Control. Threads, SMP, And Microkernels. Concurrency: Mutual Exclusion And Synchronization. Concurrency: Deadlock And Starvation. Memory Management. Virtual Memory. Uniprocessor Scheduling. Multiprocessor And Real-Time Scheduling. I/O Management And Disk Scheduling. File Management. Distributed Processing, Client/Server, And Clusters. Distributed Process Management. Security. For product development personnel (Programmers, Systems Engineers, Network Designers, and others involved in the design of data communications and networking products), Product marketing personnel, and Information system and computer system personnel.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780136033370
Publisher: Pearson Prentice Hall
Publication date: 06/28/2008
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)

About the Author

Dr. William Stallings has authored 18 titles, and including the revised editions, over 40 books on computer security, computer networking, and computer architecture. His writings have appeared in numerous publications, including the Proceedings of the IEEE, ACM Computing Reviews and Cryptologia. He has received the Best Computer Science textbook of the Year award 13 times from the Text and Academic Authors Association.

In over 30 years in the field, he has been a technical contributor, technical manager, and an executive with several high-technology firms. He has designed and implemented both TCP/IP-based and OSI-based protocol suites on a variety of computers and operating systems, ranging from microcomputers to mainframes. As a consultant, he has advised government agencies, computer and software vendors, and major users on the design, selection, and use of networking software and products.

He created and maintains the Computer Science Student Resource Site at This site provides documents and links on a variety of subjects of general interest to computer science students (and professionals). He is a member of the editorial board of Cryptologia, a scholarly journal devoted to all aspects of cryptology. Dr. Stallings holds a Ph.D. from M.I.T. in Computer Science and a B.S. from Notre Dame in electrical engineering.

Table of Contents

(NOTE: Each chapter concludes with Summary, Key Terms, Review Questions and/or Recommended Reading, and Problems.)
Reader's Guide.

Outline of the Book. Topic Ordering. Internet and Web Resources.


1. Computer System Overview.
Basic Elements. Processor Registers. Instruction Execution. Interrupts. The Memory Hierarchy. Cache Memory. I/O Communication Techniques. Appendix 1A: Performance Characteristics of Two-Level Memory. Appendix 1B: Procedure Control.

2. Operating System Overview.
Operating System Objectives and Functions. The Evolution of Operating Systems. Major Achievements. Characteristics of Modern Operating Systems. Windows 2000 Overview. Traditional UNIX Systems. Modern UNIX Systems.


3. Process Description and Control.
Process States. Process Description. Process Control. UNIX SVR4 Process Management.

4. Threads, SMP, and Microkernels.
Processes and Threads. Symmetric Multiprocessing. Microkernels. Windows 2000 Thread and SMP Management. Solaris Thread and SMP Management. Linux Process and Thread Management.

5. Concurrency: Mutual Exclusion and Synchronization.
Principles of Concurrency. Mutual Exclusion: Software Approaches.Mutual Exclusion: Hardware Support. Semaphores. Monitors. Message Passing. Readers/Writers Problem.

6. Concurrency: Deadlock and Starvation.
Principles of Deadlock. Deadlock Prevention. Deadlock Avoidance. Deadlock Detection. An Integrated Deadlock Strategy. Dining Philosophers Problem. UNIX Concurrency Mechanisms. Solaris Thread Synchronization Primitives. Windows 2000 Concurrency Mechanisms.


7. Memory Management.
Memory Management Requirements. Memory Partitioning. Paging. Segmentation. Appendix 7A: Loading and Linking.

8. Virtual Memory.
Hardware and Control Structures. Operating System Software. UNIX and Solaris Memory Management. Linux Memory Management. Windows 2000 Memory Management. Appendix 8A: Hash Tables.


9. Uniprocessor Scheduling.
Types of Scheduling. Scheduling Algorithms. Traditional UNIX Scheduling. Appendix 9A: Response Time. Appendix 9B: Queuing Systems.

10. Multiprocessor and Real-Time Scheduling.
Multiprocessor Scheduling. Real-Time Scheduling. Linux Scheduling. UNIX SVR4 Scheduling. Windows 2000 Scheduling.


11. I/O Management and Disk Scheduling.
I/O Devices. Organization of the I/O Function. Operating System Design Issues. I/O Buffering. Disk Scheduling. RAID. Disk Cache. UNIX SVR4 I/O. Windows 2000 I/O. Appendix 11A: Disk Storage Devices.

12. File Management.
Overview. File Organization. File Directories. File Sharing. Record Blocking. Secondary Storage Management. UNIX File Management. Windows 2000 File System.


13. Distributed Processing, Client/Server, and Clusters.
Client/Server Computing. Distributed Message Passing. Remote Procedure Calls. Clusters. Windows 2000 Cluster Server. Sun Cluster. Beowulf and Linux Clusters.

14. Distributed Process Management.
Process Migration. Distributed Global States. Distributed Mutual Exclusion. Distributed Deadlock.


15. Computer Security.
Security Threats. Protection. Intruders. Malicious Software. Trusted Systems. Windows 2000 Security. Appendix 15A: Encryption.


Appendix A: TCP/IP.
The Need for a Protocol Architecture. The TCP/IP Protocol Architecture.

Appendix B: Object-Oriented Design.
Motivation. Object-Oriented Concepts. Benefits of Object-Oriented Design. CORBA.

Appendix C: Programming and Operating System Projects.
Projects for Teaching Operating Systems. Nachos. Research Projects. Programming Projects. Reading/Report Assignments.

Appendix D: OSP: An Environment for Operating System Projects.
Overview. Innovative Aspects of OSP. Comparison with Other Operating System Courseware. The OSP Software Distribution. OSP Mailing List. Future Plans.

Appendix E: BACI: The Ben-Ari Concurrent Programming System.
Introduction. BACI. Examples of BACI Programs. BACI Projects. Enhancements to the BACI System.


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