Black Congressmen During Reconstruction: A Documentary Sourcebook

Black Congressmen During Reconstruction: A Documentary Sourcebook

by Stephen Middleton


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During the Reconstruction, African Americans from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia—former slave-owning states—were elected to Congress in remarkable numbers. They included lawyers, teachers, businessmen, editors, and ministers. African Americans gained the right to vote through the Reconstruction Acts and the Civil War Amendments, and elected 2 blacks to the Senate and 19 to the House of Representatives. This book provides brief biographical sketches of these extraordinary politicians and excerpts from documents illuminating their activities in Congress.

These politicians took an active role and spoke out on issues from civil rights legislation and policies on Native Americans to the Chinese Exclusion Bill and foreign policy. They demanded a federal law making lynching a capital crime, denounced massacres in the South, and decried the activities of the Ku Klux Klan. They played important roles until the South successfully drove blacks away from the polls and from Congress.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780313322815
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/30/2002
Pages: 464
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

STEPHEN MIDDLETON is Associate Professor of History at North Carolina State University. He is the author of The Black Laws in the Old Northwest: A Documentary History (Greenwood, 1993). His specialty is U.S. Constitutional History with a research interest in race and constitutional and legal history.

Table of Contents

Foreword by John David Smith

Editorial Statement


Senator Blanche Kelso Bruce

Representative Richard Harvey Cain

Representative Henry Cheatham

Representative Robert Carlos De Large

Representative Robert Brown Elliott

Representative Jeremiah Haralson

Representative John Adams Hyman

Representative John Mercer Langston

Representative Jefferson Franklin Long

Representative John Roy Lynch

Representative Thomas Ezekiel Miller

Representative George Washington Murray

Representative Charles Edmund Nash

Representative James Edward OHara

Representative Joseph Hayne Rainey

Representative Alonzo Jacob Ransier

Representative James Thomas Rapier

Senator Hiram Rhodes Revels

Representative Robert Smalls

Representative Benjamin Sterling Turner

Representative Josiah Thomas Walls

Representative George Henry White



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