"Vanessa rebels against the dominance of age; she watches [her grandfather] imitate her aunt Edna; and her rage at times is such that she would gladly kick him. It takes great skill to keep this story within the expanding horizon of this young girl and yet make it so revealing of the adult world."—Atlantic
"A Bird in the House achieves the breadth of scope which we usually associate with the novel (and thereby is as psychologically valid as a good novel), and at the same time uses the techniques of the short story form to reveal the different aspects of the young Vanessa." —Kent Thompson, The Fiddlehead
"I am haunted by the women in Laurence's novels as if they really were alive—and not as women I've known, but as women I've been."—Joan Larkin, Ms. Magazine
"Not since . . . To Kill a Mockingbird has there been a novel like this. It should not be missed by anyone who has a child or was a child."—Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
One of Canada's most accomplished writers, Margaret Laurence (1926-87) was the recipient of many awards including Canada's prestigious Governor General's Literary Award on two separate occasions, once for The Diviners.
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A Bird in the House
By Margaret Laurence
The University of Chicago PressCopyright © 1974 Margaret Laurence
All rights reserved.
The Sound of the Singing
THAT HOUSE in Manawaka is the one which, more than any other, I carry with me. Known to the rest of the town as "the old Connor place" and to the family as the Brick House, it was plain as the winter turnips in its root cellar, sparsely windowed as some crusader's embattled fortress in a heathen wilderness, its rooms in a perpetual gloom except in the brief height of summer. Many other brick structures had existed in Manawaka for as much as half a century, but at the time when my grandfather built his house, part dwelling place and part massive monument, it had been the first of its kind.
Set back at a decent distance from the street, it was screened by a line of spruce trees whose green-black branches swept down to the earth like the sternly protective wings of giant hawks. Spruce was not indigenous to that part of the prairies. Timothy Connor had brought the seedlings all the way from Galloping Mountain, a hundred miles north, not on whim, one may be sure, but feeling that they were the trees for him. By the mid-thirties, the spruces were taller than the house, and two generations of children had clutched at boughs which were as rough and hornily knuckled as the hands of old farmers, and had swung themselves up to secret sanctuaries. On the lawn a few wild blue violets dared to grow, despite frequent beheadings from the clanking guillotine lawn mower, and mauve-flowered Creeping Charley insinuated deceptively weak-looking tendrils up to the very edges of the flower beds where helmeted snapdragon stood in precision.
We always went for Sunday dinner to the Brick House, the home of my mother's parents. This particular day my father had been called out to South Wachakwa, where someone had pneumonia, so only my mother and myself were flying down the sidewalk, hurrying to get there. My mother walked with short urgent steps, and I had to run to keep up, which I did not like having to do, for I was ten that spring and needed my dignity.
"Dad said you shouldn't walk so fast because of the baby. I heard him."
My father was a doctor, and like many doctors, his advice to his own family was of an exceedingly casual nature. My mother's prenatal care, apart from "For Pete's sake, honey, quit running around like a chicken with its head cut off," consisted mainly of admonitions to breathe deeply and drink plenty of water.
"Mercy," my mother replied, "I don't have to slow up that much, I should hope. Get a move on, Vanessa. It's nearly five, and we should've been there by now. I suppose Edna will have the dinner all ready, and there won't be a thing for me to do. I wish to heaven she wouldn't, but try to tell her. Anyway, you know how your grandfather hates people to be late."
When we got to the Brick House, my mother stopped hurrying, knowing that Grandfather would be watching from the bay window. She tidied my hair, which was fine and straight and tended to get in my eyes, and she smoothed down the collar of the white middy which I hated and resented having to wear today with my navy pleated skirt as though it had still been winter.
"Your summer dresses are all up to your neck," my mother had said, "and we just can't manage a new one this year, but I'm certainly not going to have you going down there looking like a hooligan."
Now that the pace of our walking had slowed, I began to hop along the sidewalk trying to touch the crooked lines where the cement had been frost-heaved, some winter or other, and never repaired. The ants made their homes there, and on each fissure a neat mound of earth appeared. I carefully tamped one down with my foot, until the ant castle was flattened to nothing. Then I hopped on, chanting.
"Step on a crack, break your grandfather's back."
"That's not very nice, Vanessa," my mother said. "Anyway, I always thought it was your mother's back."
"Well?" I said accusingly, hurt that she could imagine the substitution to have been accidental, for I had genuinely thought it would please her.
"Try not to tear up and down stairs like you did last week," my mother said anxiously. "You're too old for that kind of shenanigans."
Grandfather was standing on the front porch to greet us. He was a tall husky man, drum-chested, and once he had possessed great muscular strength. That simple power was gone now, but age had not stooped him.
"Well, Beth, you're here," Grandfather said. "Past five, ain't it?"
"It's only ten to," my mother said defensively. "I hoped Ewen might be back — that's why I waited. He had to go to South Wachakwa on a call."
"You'd think a man could stay home on a Sunday," Grandfather said.
"Good grief, Father," my mother said, "people get sick on Sundays the same as any other day."
But she said it under her breath, so he did not hear her.
"Well, come in, come in," he said. "No use standing around here all day. Go and say hello to your grandmother, Vanessa."
Ample and waistless in her brown silk dress, Grandmother was sitting in the dining room watching the canary. The bird had no name. She did not believe in bestowing names upon non-humans, for a name to her meant a christening, possible only for Christians. She called the canary "Birdie," and maintained that this was not like a real name. It was swaying lightly on the bird-swing in its cage, its attentive eyes fixed upon her. She often sat here, quietly and apparently at ease, not feeling it necessary to be talking or doing, beside the window sill with its row of African violets in old ginger jars that had been painted orange. She would try to coax the canary into its crystal trilling, but it was a surly creature and obliged only occasionally. She liked me to sit here with her, and sometimes I did, but I soon grew impatient and began squirming, until Grandmother would smile and say, "All right, pet, you run along, now," and then I would be off like buckshot. When I asked my grandmother if the bird minded being there, she shook her head and said no, it had been there always and wouldn't know what to do with itself outside, and I thought this must surely be so, for it was a family saying that she couldn't tell a lie if her life depended on it.
"Hello, pet," Grandmother said. "Did you go to Sunday school?"
"What did you learn?" Grandmother asked, not prying or demanding, but confidently, serenely.
I was prepared, for the question was the same each week. I rarely listened in Sunday school, finding it more entertaining to compose in my head stories of spectacular heroism in which I figured as central character, so I never knew what the text had been. But I had read large portions of the Bible by myself, for I was constantly hard-up for reading material, so I had no trouble in providing myself with a verse each week before setting out for the Brick House. My lines were generally of a warlike nature, for I did not favour the meek stories and I had no use at all for the begats.
"How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle," I replied instantly.
"Second Samuel," Grandmother said, nodding her head. "That's very nice, dear."
I was not astonished that my grandmother thought the bloody death of Jonathan was very nice, for this was her unvarying response, whatever the verse. And in fact it was not strange, for to her everything in the Bible was as gentle as she herself. The swords were spiritual only, strokes of lightness and dark, and the wounds poured cochineal.
Grandfather tramped into the dining room. His hair was yellowish white, but once it had been as black as my own, and his brown beaked leathery face was still handsome.
"You'd best come into the living room, Agnes," he said. "No use waiting here. Beth says Ewen's gone away out to South Wackakwa. It'll be a wonder if we get our dinner at all tonight."
Grandmother rose. "Yes, I was just coming in."
Grandfather walked over to the window and peered at the plants on the sill.
"Them jars could do with a coat of paint," he said. "I've got some enamel left in the basement. It's that bottle-green I used on the tool-shed."
"Is there no orange left?" Grandmother enquired.
"No. It's all used up. What's the matter with bottle-green?"
"Oh, nothing's the matter with it, I guess. I just wondered, that's all."
"I'll do them first thing tomorrow, then," Grandfather said decisively.
No tasks could be undertaken today, but there was no rule against making plans for Monday, so my grandfather invariably spent the Sabbath in this manner. Thwarted, but making the best of a bad lot, he lumbered around the house like some great wakeful bear waiting for the enforced hibernation of Sunday to be over. He stopped at the hall door now and rattled it, running hard expert fingers along the brass hinges.
"Hinge is loose," he said. "The pin's worn. I'll have to go down to the store and see if they've got one. That Barnes probably won't have the right size — he's got no notion of stock. Maybe I've got an extra one in the basement. Yes, I have an idea there's one there. I'll just step down and have a look."
I heard him clumping down the basement steps, and soon from the area of his work-bench there arose the soft metallic jangle of nails and bolts, collected oddments being sifted through. I glanced at my grandmother, but if she was relieved that he was rummaging down there, she gave no sign.
I did not know then the real torment that the day of rest was for him, so I had no patience with his impatience. What I did know, however, was that if he had been any other way he would not have passed muster in Manawaka. He was widely acknowledged as an upright man. It would have been a disgrace if he had been known by the opposite word, which was "downright." A few of my friends had downright grandfathers. They were a deep mortification to their families, these untidy old men who sat on the Bank of Montreal steps in the summertime and spat amber tobacco jets onto the dusty sidewalk. They were described as "downright worthless" or "downright lazy," these two terms being synonymous. These shadows of wastrels, these flimsy remnants of past profligates, with their dry laughter like the cackle of crows or the crackling of fallen leaves underfoot, embarrassed me terribly, although I did not have any idea why. Walking down main street, I would avoid looking at them, feeling somehow that they should not be on view, that they should be hidden away in an attic along with the other relics too common to be called antiques and too broken to be of any further use. Yet I was inexplicably drawn to them, too.
With Grandfather safely occupied, one danger for me was temporarily over, for if he could think of nothing else to do, he would sit me down on a footstool beside his chair and make me listen, fidgeting with boredom, while he talked of the past. To me there was nothing at all remarkable in the fact that he had come out west by sternwheeler and had walked the hundred-odd miles from Winnipeg to Manawaka. Unfortunately, he had not met up with any slit-eyed and treacherous Indians or any mad trappers, but only with ordinary farmers who had given him work shoeing their horses, for he was a blacksmith. He had been the first blacksmith in Manawaka, and finally had saved enough money to set himself up in the hardware business. He frequently related the epic of that significant day.
"I mind well the day I sold out the smithy to Bill Saunders. He was my helper in them days. He died of a growth only last year, and no wonder. He was always a great man for eating fried stuff. I used to tell him it coats the inside of your stomach, but he never paid heed. Well, I'd rented the store space in the old Carmichael block, and I says to Billy, 'I'm going into hardware and if you want the smithy, she's yours for five hundred on the anvil.' He laid down his money, just like that. I picked it up and walked out and I never shoed another horse from that day to this. It was hard going in them days, to make the store pay, but I used to load up the buckboard with kettles and axes and that, and take it all around the countryside, and I done a sight better than I would've if I'd sat at home like some fellows I could mention, just waiting for the business to come to me."
I had been trained in both politeness and prudence, so I always said "Gee" in an impressed voice, but it did not seem very exciting to me. I could not imagine the store looking any other way than it did now, a drab place full of kitchen utensils and saw-blades and garden tools and kegs of nails. It was not even Connor's Hardware any longer, for Grandfather had sold it a few months ago and had officially retired: He still felt as though he were in the business, however, and would often go down to the store and give good advice to Mr. Barnes, the present owner. Once he took me with him, and I pretended to be studying the paint charts while Grandfather held forth and Mr. Barnes kept saying, "Well, well, that's a thought all right, yessiree, I'll have to think about that, Mr. Connor." Finally Grandfather went stomping home and said to Grandmother, "The man's a downright fool, and lazy as a pet pig, I'll tell you that much," and my grandmother chirped softly to my aunt, "Edna, make your father a nice cup of tea, will you, pet?"
Aunt Edna and my mother were talking in the kitchen now, so I went out. My mother was the eldest in the family of five, and Aunt Edna was the youngest, and while both had the Connor black hair and blue eyes, they were not alike in appearance. My mother was slight and fine-boned, with long-fingered hands like those on my Chinese princess doll, and feet that Aunt Edna enviously called "aristocratic," which meant narrow. "It's a poor family can't afford one lady," my mother would reply ironically, for we all knew she worked as hard as anyone. Aunt Edna, on the other hand, was handsome and strong but did not like being so. She said she had feet like scows, and she was constantly asking if we thought she had put on weight. My mother, torn between honesty and affection, would reply. "Not so anyone would really notice."
I climbed up on the high kitchen stool, as unobtrusively as possible. I was a professional listener. I had long ago discovered it was folly to try to conceal oneself. The best concealment was to sit quietly in plain view.
"He's always been so active," my mother was saying. "It's understandable, Edna."
"It's all right for you," my aunt said. "Ken Barnes doesn't phone you to complain."
"I know," my mother said.
She leaned against the kitchen cabinet, and all at once I saw the intricate lines of tiredness in her face. Perhaps they had been there all along, but I had never before noticed them. The sight frightened me, for I still needed the conviction that no one except myself ever suffered anything. Aunt Edna, too, was scrutinizing her.
"You need a few more smocks, Beth, I thought I'd run up a couple for you on the machine. I've got that rose crepe — I never wear it here. The colour would suit you."
"What? Do sewing, with this house to run? You haven't the time, Edna. Don't be silly."
My mother disliked rose intensely, but Aunt Edna had forgotten. The dress had been my aunt's best one, which she had bought when she went to Winnipeg a few years before, to take a commercial course.
"I've got nothing to do with my evenings," Aunt Edna said. "I can't just sit around and twiddle my thumbs, can I? It's settled then. I'll get at it next week."
"Well, thanks," my mother said. "It's very good of you. What are we going to do about the other, Edna?"
"What can we do? I'm certainly not tackling him about it, are you?"
"Hardly. My, what a pity he ever sold the place. Maybe it was getting too much for him, but still —"
"I was against it, but you know what he's like when his mind's made up. He said a man of his age ought to be able to afford to retire. He thought he'd been in hardware long enough." Then Aunt Edna laughed. "Hardware — that was certainly the right thing for him to go into, wasn't it? Can you imagine him in software or — heaven forbid — perishables?"
"Is there such a thing as software?" my mother asked.
"Not in his language, kiddo," Aunt Edna said.
Then they both giggled, and I, all at once wanting to be included, dropped my camouflage of silence.
"Why does Grandfather always say 'I seen' and 'I done'? Doesn't he know?"
Aunt Edna laughed again, but my mother did not.
"Because he never had your advantages, young lady, that's why," she said crossly. "He had to leave school when he was just a child. Don't you ever mention it to him, either, do you hear? At least he doesn't say 'guy,' like some people I could name."
"Haw haw," I said sarcastically, but I said it very quietly so she did not hear.
"Nessa," Aunt Edna said, "where's that clothespeg doll you were making?"
I had forgotten it. I got it out now and decided I would be able to finish it today. Everyone else in Manawaka used the metal-spring type of clothespegs, but my grandmother still stuck to the all-wooden ones with a round knob on top and two straight legs. They were perfect for making dolls, and I used a pipe cleaner for the arms and bits of coloured crepe-paper for the clothes. This one was going to be an old-fashioned lady.
Excerpted from A Bird in the House by Margaret Laurence. Copyright © 1974 Margaret Laurence. Excerpted by permission of The University of Chicago Press.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
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Table of Contents
1. The Sound of the Singing
2. To Set Our House in Order
3. The Mask of the Bear
4. A Bird in the House
5. The Loons
6. Horses of the Night
7. The Half-Husky
8. Jericho's Brick Battlements