Hardcover(1st ed. 2020)

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This open access volume presents a comprehensive account of all aspects of biological invasions in South Africa, where research has been conducted over more than three decades, and where bold initiatives have been implemented in attempts to control invasions and to reduce their ecological, economic and social effects. It covers a broad range of themes, including history, policy development and implementation, the status of invasions of animals and plants in terrestrial, marine and freshwater environments, the development of a robust ecological theory around biological invasions, the effectiveness of management interventions, and scenarios for the future. The South African situation stands out because of the remarkable diversity of the country, and the wide range of problems encountered in its varied ecosystems, which has resulted in a disproportionate investment into both research and management. The South African experience holds many lessons for other parts of the world, and this book should be of immense value to researchers, students, managers, and policy-makers who deal with biological invasions and ecosystem management and conservation in most other regions.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783030323936
Publisher: Stellenbosch University
Publication date: 03/11/2020
Series: Invading Nature - Springer Series in Invasion Ecology , #14
Edition description: 1st ed. 2020
Pages: 975
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

About the Author

Brian W. van Wilgen is Emeritus Professor at the DST-NRF Centre of Excellence for Invasion Biology at Stellenbosch University, South Africa. His interests include applied ecology and the development of evidence-based approaches to conservation management in Africa and beyond. His work has focussed mainly on fire ecology and biological invasions, and he has published over 250 peer-reviewed journal papers and book chapters.

John Measey is Chief Researcher at the NRF-DST Centre of Excellence for Invasion Biology, based in the Department of Botany and Zoology at Stellenbosch University, South Africa. He is author/co-author of over 200 peer-reviewed journal papers and chapters in edited books. His research focuses on animal invasions, especially those of reptiles and amphibians.

David M. Richardson is Director of the DST-NRF Centre of Excellence for Invasion Biology and a Distinguished Professor of Ecology at Stellenbosch University, South Africa. His research focuses mainly on plant invasions, especially trees and shrubs. He is author/co-author of over 430 peer-reviewed journal papers and chapters in edited books. He has edited/co-edited six books, including Fifty years of invasion ecology (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011) and is co-author of Invasion Dynamics (Oxford University Press; 2017).

John R. Wilson is the science lead for the South African National Biodiversity Institute's Biological Invasions Directorate. He is author/co-author of over 120 papers in peer-reviewed journals with a particular focus on invasion science, and was the lead author of a recent book on detecting and responding to alien plant incursions (Cambridge University Press; 2017). He is a member of the IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group, and works across science, management, and policy (e.g. as a lead editor of South Africa's National Status Report on Biological Invasions, and current chair of the South African Alien Species Risk Analysis Review Panel).

Tsungai Zengeya is a senior researcher in the Biological Invasions Directorate at the South African National Biodiversity Institute and leads up the team producing the South African National Status Report on Biological Invasions. His research interests are in aquatic ecology, with a focus on understanding the impacts of, and managing and preventing biological invasions. His is also a core team member of the DST-NRF Centre of Excellence for Invasion Biology at University of Pretoria, South Africa.

Table of Contents


1. Biological invasions in South Africa: An overview

Brian W. van Wilgen, G. John Measey, David M. Richardson, John R. Wilson and Tsungai A. Zengeya

2. A brief, selective history of researchers and research initiatives related to biological invasions in South Africa

Brian W. van Wilgen


3. The biogeography of South African terrestrial plant invasions

David M. Richardson, Llewellyn C. Foxcroft, Guillaume Latombe, David C. Le Maitre, Mathieu Rouget and John R. Wilson

4. Invasive alien aquatic plants in freshwater ecosystems

Martin P. Hill, Julie A. Coetzee, Grant D. Martin, Rosali Smith and Emily F. Strange

5. Terrestrial Vertebrate Invasions in South Africa

G. John Measey, Cang Hui and Michael Somers

6. Alien freshwater fauna in South Africa

Olaf L.F. Weyl, Bruce Ellender, Ryan J Wassermann, Marliese Truter, Tatenda Dalu, Tsungai A. Zengeya and Nico J. Smit

7. Alien terrestrial invertebrates in South Africa

Charlene Janion-Scheepers and Charles L. Griffiths

8. Biological invasions in South Africa’s offshore sub-Antarctic territories

Michelle Greve, Charles Eric Otto von der Meden, and Charlene Janion-Scheepers

9. Coastal invasions: The South African context

Tamara B. Robinson, Koebraa Peters and Ben Brooker

10. Pathogens of vertebrate animals as invasive species: Insights from South Africa

Lesley van Helden, Paul D. van Helden and Christina Meiring

11. Biological invasions in South Africa’s urban ecosystems: Patterns, processes, impacts and management

Luke J. Potgieter, Errol Douwes, Mirijam Gaertner, G. John Measey, Trudy Paap and David M. Richardson


12. South Africa’s pathways of introduction and dispersal and how they have changed over time

Katelyn T. Faulkner, Amy Burness, Marcus Byrne, Sabrina Kumschick, Koebraa Peters, Mark P. Robertson, Davina L. Saccaggi, Olaf L. F. Weyl and Vivienne Williams

13. The role of environmental factors in promoting and limiting biological invasions in South Africa

John R. Wilson, Llewellyn C. Foxcroft, Sjirk Geerts, M. Timm Hoffman, Sandra MacFadyen, G. John Measey, Anthony Mills, David M. Richardson, Mark P. Robertson and Brian W. van Wilgen

14. Biotic interactions as mediators of biological invasions: Insights from South Africa

Johannes J. Le Roux, Susanna Clusella-Trullas, Thabiso M. Mokotjomela, Mario Mairal, David M. Richardson, Lisa Skein, John R. Wilson, Olaf L.F. Weyl and Sjirk Geerts


15. Impacts of invasions on terrestrial water resources in South Africa

David C. Le Maitre, James N. Blignaut, Alistair Clulow, Sebinasi Dzikiti, Colin S. Everson, Andre H. M. Görgens and Mark B. Gush

16. The impact of invasive alien plants on rangelands in South Africa

Timothy O’Connor and Brian W. van Wilgen

17. An evaluation of the impacts of alien species on biodiversity in South Africa using different methods

Tsungai A. Zengeya, Sabrina Kumschick, Olaf L. F. Weyl and Brian W. van Wilgen


18. Biological invasion policy and legislation development and implementation in South Africa

Peter Lukey and Jenny Hall

19. More than a century of biological control against invasive alien plants in South Africa: a synoptic view of what has been accomplished

Martin P. Hill, Vincent C. Moran, John H. Hoffmann, Stefan Neser, Helmuth G. Zimmermann, David O. Simelane, Hildegard Klein, Costas Zachariades, Alan R. Wood, Marcus J. Byrne, Iain D. Paterson, Grant D. Martin and Julie A. Coetzee

20. Analysing the risks posed by biological invasions to South Africa

Sabrina Kumschick, Llewellyn C. Foxcroft and John R. Wilson

21. The extent and effectiveness of alien plant control projects in South Africa

Brian W. van Wilgen, John R. Wilson, Andrew Wannenburgh and Llewellyn C. Foxcroft

22. Experience and lessons from alien and invasive animal control projects carried out in South Africa

Sarah J. Davies, Martine Jordaan, Minette Karsten, John. S. Terblanche, Andrew Turner, Nicola J. van Wilgen, Ruan Veldtman, Tsungai A. Zengeya and G. John Measey

23. Biological invasions and ecological restoration in South Africa

Patricia M. Holmes, Karen J. Esler, Mirijam Gaertner, Sjirk Geerts, Stuart A. Hall, Mlungele M. Nsikani, David M. Richardson and Sheunesu Ruwanza

24. The social dimensions of biological invasions in South Africa

Ross T. Shackleton, Ana Novoa, Charlie M. Shackleton and Christian A. Kull

25. Education, training and capacity building in the field of biological invasions in South Africa

Marcus J. Byrne, Dorette du Plessis, Philip J, Ivey, G. John Measey, Mark P. Robertson, Tamara B. Robinson and Kim N. Weaver.


26. South Africa as a donor of naturalized and invasive alien plants to other parts of the world

Petr Pyšek, Jan Pergl, Mark van Kleunen, Wayne Dawson, Franz Essl, Holger Kreft, Patrick Weigelt, John R. Wilson, Marten Winter and David M. Richardson

27. South Africa as a donor of alien animals

G. John Measey, Tamara B. Robinson, Natasha Kruger, Tsungai A. Zengeya and Brett Hurley

28. Knowing-doing continuum or knowing-doing gap? Transferring research results to managers of biological invasions in South Africa.

Llewellyn C. Foxcroft, Brian W. van Wilgen, Brent Abrahams, Karen J. Eslar and Andrew Wannenburgh

29. Biological invasions as a component of South Africa’s global change research effort

Nicola J. van Wilgen, Brian W. van Wilgen and Guy F. Midgley

30. South Africa’s Centre for Invasion Biology: An experiment in invasion science for society

David M. Richardson, Brent Abrahams, Nelius Boshoff, Sarah J. Davies, G. John Measey and Brian W. van Wilgen


31. Potential futures of biological invasions in South Africa

John R. Wilson, G. John Measey, David M. Richardson, Brian W. van Wilgen, and Tsungai A. Zengeya

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