Biological Degradation of Wastes

Biological Degradation of Wastes

by A.M. Martin (Editor)

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1991)

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The cumulative effects of pollution have led, in recent years, to increased public concern, which is resulting in stricter legislation on the discharge of wastes in whatever state they are present: gaseous, liquid or solid. The treatment and disposal of wastes has become one of the most important problems facing mankind. This is a problem which will not disappear, and could even worsen, if it is not faced with resolution by all the main parties involved: consumers, governments, producers and scientists. Some wastes could be reused, producing some economic return which could pay for the waste-treatment process. In the best of cases, this could become an economically attractive recycling operation. However, in many situations, waste treatment is considered to be an unproductive process which entails additional costs to an otherwise productive operation. Methods for the removal and purification of wastes (including those considered to be 'toxic wastes', the most dreaded form of pollution), if developed at all, suffer from serious limitations. Two of these are the high energy input into the process and, after the contaminants have been removed, the lingering problem of what to do with them, as they will then exist as some kind of concentrate. The ideal solution is none other than a natural, biological process to degrade wastes. Fortunately, mankind is increasingly choosing that option, as exemplified by the general acceptance of the role of biotechnology in modern society.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789401056274
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 01/31/2014
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1991
Pages: 419
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.04(d)

Table of Contents

1 Biodegradation of Solid Wastes by Composting.- 2 Methods for the Biological Treatment of Exhaust Gases.- 3 Biological Treatment of Liquid Effluents.- 4 Biological Nutrient Removal.- 5 Biosensors in Biodegradation of Wastes.- 6 Exploiting Computers in Biological Waste Treatment.- 7 Water Quality Modelling of BOD and DO in Rivers Using a Hydrological Model.- 8 Dehalogenation Reactions Catalyzed by Bacteria.- 9 Biodegradation of Sanitary Landfill Leachate.- 10 Biodegradation in Waste Stabilization Ponds (Facultative Lagoons).- 11 Applications of Adapted Microorganisms for Site Remediation of Contaminated Soil and Ground Water.- 12 Application of Adapted Bacterial Cultures for the Degradation of Xenobiotic Compounds in Industrial Waste-Waters.- 13 The RUDAD-Process for Enhanced Degradation of Solid Organic Waste Materials.- 14 An Innovative Biological Process for Heavy Metals Removal from Municipal Sludge.- 15 Biological Treatment of Petroleum Refinery Wastewater.- 16 Peat as an Agent in Biological Degradation: Peat Biofilters.- 17 Biodegradation of Process Industry Wastewater. Case Problem: Sugarcane Industry.- 18 Biodegradation of Textile Wastewaters.

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