Be Kind, Be Calm, Be Safe: Four Weeks that Shaped a Pandemic

Be Kind, Be Calm, Be Safe: Four Weeks that Shaped a Pandemic

by Bonnie Henry, Lynn Henry
Be Kind, Be Calm, Be Safe: Four Weeks that Shaped a Pandemic

Be Kind, Be Calm, Be Safe: Four Weeks that Shaped a Pandemic

by Bonnie Henry, Lynn Henry

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Overview

From the BC doctor who has become a household name for leading the response to the pandemic, a personal account of the first weeks of COVID, for readers of Sam Nutt's Damned Nations and James Maskayk's Life on the Ground Floor.

Dr. Bonnie Henry has been called "one of the most effective public health figures in the world" by The New York Times. She has been called "a calming voice in a sea of coronavirus madness," and "our hero" in national newspapers. But in the waning days of 2019, when the first rumours of a strange respiratory ailment in Wuhan, China began to trickle into her office in British Colombia, these accolades lay in a barely imaginable future.

Only weeks later, the whole world would look back on the previous year with the kind of nostalgia usually reserved for the distant past. With a staggering suddenness, our livelihoods, our closest relationships, our habits and our homes had all been transformed.

In a moment when half-truths threatened to drown out the truth, when recklessness all too often exposed those around us to very real danger, and when it was difficult to tell paranoia from healthy respect for an invisible threat, Dr. Henry's transparency, humility, and humanity became a beacon for millions of Canadians. 

And her trademark enjoinder to be kind, be calm, and be safe became words for us all to live by.

Coincidentally, Dr. Henry's sister, Lynn, arrived in BC for a long-planned visit on March 12, just as the virus revealed itself as a pandemic. For the four ensuing weeks, Lynn had rare insight into the whirlwind of Bonnie's daily life, with its moments of agony and gravity as well as its occasional episodes of levity and grace. Both a global story and a family story, Be Kind, Be Calm, Be Safe combines Lynn's observations and knowledge of Bonnie's personal and professional background with Bonnie's recollections of how and why decisions were made, to tell in a vivid way the dramatic tale of the four weeks that changed all our lives.

Be Kind, Be Calm, Be Safe is about communication, leadership, and public trust; about the balance between politics and policy; and, at heart, about what and who we value, as individuals and a society.

The authors' advance from the publisher has been donated to charities with a focus on alleviating communities hit particularly hard by the pandemic: True North Aid with its Covid-19 response in Northern Indigenous communities, and First Book Canada, with its focus on reading and literacy for underserved, marginalized youth.


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780735241862
Publisher: Penguin Canada
Publication date: 03/09/2021
Sold by: Penguin Group
Format: eBook
Pages: 240
File size: 2 MB

About the Author

DR. BONNIE HENRY has brought a wealth of world-wide public health experience to her current role as Provincial Health Officer of BC, having already played a key role in fighting SARS in Toronto in 2003 and the Ebola outbreak in Uganda in 2000, among other crises. Her press briefings during the COVID-19 pandemic, broadcast across various media, became must-watch events for all BC residents--and, increasingly, for people across Canada. She lives in Victoria. LYNN HENRY is the Publishing Director at Knopf Canada. She lives in Toronto.

Read an Excerpt

PROLOGUE
 
“I Ask This Global Community to Pause”
 
 
In Lynn Henry’s Words
 
Sometimes you don’t see the warning until it’s too late. Sometimes you hear the warning but fail to heed its message. And sometimes you see, hear, and understand—but the symphonic roar of the world drowns out your solo note of alarm. A single tragedy unites us all in the end, though: our many small, casual, disbelieving, distracted, unsure, risk-calculated, understandable, self-serving, self-sacrificing, protective, recalcitrant, completely unaware, and very particular failures to see, hear, and communicate reveal their true meaning only on the other side of the impassable divide between “then” and “now.”
 
This story begins with the end of “then.”
 
On New Year’s Eve, as 2019 was silently, invisibly mutating into 2020, my sister Bonnie and I were, unusually, together. Normally I would have flown to Prince Edward Island from Toronto, where I live, to spend the holidays with my parents there. And Bonnie habitually spent the same period in her beloved home of British Columbia, where two years earlier she had been appointed the province’s “top doctor,” or medical officer of health—the first woman to hold that position. The last time we’d spent New Year’s in each other’s company had been more than twenty years before, when Bonnie was in San Diego, finishing a degree in public health and working as a family doctor at an inner-city medical clinic. I had joined her from Canada that long-ago December, and I remember visiting the clinic one afternoon and Bonnie calmly pointing out the pockmarks of bullet holes in a waiting-room wall. She explained that the building housing the clinic happened to sit at an intersection between the streets of rival gangs. Occasionally there would be drive-by shootings, and staff and patients would duck for cover, make sure there were no casualties outside or in, and carry on.
 
As 2019 shape-shifted into 2020, however, Bonnie and I were seemingly as far away from that earlier time and space as you could get, sitting quietly on a balcony under a slim crescent moon, overlooking a cliff that sloped down to the Caribbean Sea. Our uncle had for decades owned a suite in the beautiful old hotel where we were staying, and out of the blue he had offered us the space for ten days during this quietest time of year; he, like most of the regulars, would arrive for a much longer stretch in late January, escaping the wintry Prairies. Bonnie had been exhausted in drizzly Victoria, I was bone-weary in grey Toronto, and we’d both perked up equally at this surprise invitation. Now, six days in, we sat outside in the soft dark as Bonnie told me tales of her time on this very island years earlier—while still in medical school, she and a windsurf-loving colleague had spent a semester learning and practising emergency medicine at a hospital in the nearby capital city, travelling the coast in search of waves on their days off.
 
Just before midnight, we sipped a celebratory whisky in companionable silence. I listened to the sea breaking against the cliff-foot, thinking how the sound was so very strange in this moment, yet as familiar to me as breath, just as my sister’s presence on this particular day was so strange and familiar all at once, our lives like two strands in a helix mysteriously crossing at key points; and I was reminded of our parents on another fragile island, no doubt frozen and blustery just then, in the North Atlantic. I thought, too, of the prime minister of this place whose waves were right now a calm, regular rhythm in my ears, the extraordinary Mia Mottley, and her unsettling, searing words a year before to the UN about the plight of small island nations in our time of climate change. “In good conscience, I cannot give the speech that I prepared,” she had told the world then, as she arranged to cut her trip short and rush home to deal with devastating storms and severe flooding. “We, as a small state, are used to being treated as if we didn’t exist . . . [But] what happened in the last twenty-four hours is not a science fiction movie. We must have caring and empathy . . . It is not about governments anymore,” she said. “It is about people. I ask this global community to pause. Time is running out.”
 
“I’m worried about what will happen next year,” Bonnie said suddenly into the night sky, as if spying the trail of my thoughts. “The health minister and I haven’t talked directly for a while. That’s my responsibility, too, of course. But we need to align our ideas on how to communicate about the overdose crisis.”
 
On cue, a loud alarm started up, its siren interrupting her words. We both stood and leaned over the balcony, peering at the pool belonging to the ground-floor suite below. Its water rippled in the light breeze, but otherwise pool and suite appeared undisturbed and empty, as they had been all week. Still the siren continued, harsh and insistent. “Well, something’s set it off,” Bonnie said. “Maybe an animal tripped it. I’ll call the front desk and ask if security might check it out and hopefully make it stop.”
 
As I looked past the glow of underwater lights around the edge of the pool into the darker waving shadows of the tall grasses leading to the edge of the cliff, another, perhaps ridiculous, possibility occurred to me. “I think it might be frogs,” I ventured. “Not an alarm at all.”
 
Bonnie shook her head. “No, definitely not. I’m calling the night desk.”
 
I admire Bonnie’s characteristic certainty, a quality she has possessed since childhood, because I know it’s informed by a clear-eyed understanding of the facts and a measured consideration of the probabilities. I weighed this against my own way of seeing and mulling multiple competing possibilities at once. Usually, in our relationship, mine was the losing proposition. “Humour me?” I said after a pause, and perhaps it was the smoky whisky or the beckoning warmth of the air or the worry that I would set off stubbornly on my own, but Bonnie sighed and did.
 
Soon we were scrambling through thorny hedges and high grass. We reached a clearing, and I stooped to find a rock, the siren now on a dreadful, ever-louder repeating loop. With little hope, I flung the rock in the direction of the cliff and heard a dull thunk. Then: magnificent silence. Bonnie and I each held an inhalation for a long moment—and the silence held, too. In the final seconds of the old year, we laughed and laughed, relieved and a little embarrassed as we made our way back, only the sound of the sea exhaling behind us.
 
But somewhere, I know now, there really was an alarm ringing. I just couldn’t hear its unusual frequency, whereas my sister—her senses heightened by a nimbus of PTSD from her experience twenty years earlier fighting SARS; by her current pitch of constant anxiety, honed over the past year’s desperate, and frankly losing, fight to control the overdose crisis raging in her province; and by her never-sleeping internal weather system that was already gathering and synthesizing still-cloudy signs and signals coming out of the World Health Organization—could.
 
In less than a month, back in Canada, she and her province’s health minister, now in almost daily contact, would hold their first joint press conference about a stealthy new virus spreading breath by breath throughout the world.
 
 
In Dr. Bonnie Henry’s Words
 
Most of us go through our days blissfully unaware of the constant small cues the world sends out about potential hazards that may invade our lives: heat alerts that could translate into wildfires raging out of control; weather advisories that may morph into hurricanes and storm surges; recall notifications of salmonella-laced spinach whose consumption might lead to hundreds being sickened. For those of us on the frontlines of public health, though, these are the modern tickertapes that flow through our days. Whether they’re alerts on the global ProMED listserv that tell of unusual cases and outbreaks of illness in all corners of the globe or random online articles that mention a doctor in China raising an alarm, we follow these signs carefully—and perhaps, for some of us, with something akin to religious fanaticism. As we watch the world move en masse and people go about their daily business, these signs pop up in our consciousness as warnings. But which ones are signals of something bigger, more ominous?
 
That is the challenge and the work of public health experts across the globe. We watch the signs in our local communities; in our provinces, states, or regions; in our countries; and collectively around the world through the World Health Organization. We’re a minuscule part of the health system in countries everywhere, and mostly behind the scenes, but we’re also essential, preventing illness and injury, protecting and promoting health in all its forms. And every now and then we emerge from the shadows to play a critical role, leading the response to threats that can range from influenza to Ebola, to food-borne illness, to lead in drinking water, to the effects of climate change and radiation. In these moments, public health teams globally become the front lines.
 
You may not realize it, but when you develop such symptoms as the characteristic cough and fever of influenza and seek care from your local doctor, at that moment you may enter an international network set up to monitor the spread of key infections and detect new pathogens, whether it’s a novel strain of influenza or something completely different. Our surveillance systems include laboratories around the world that submit data to the WHO on the genomic makeup of influenza viruses circulating in their local areas, the monitoring of emergency department visits for “influenza-like illness” (ILI), and the tracking of clusters and outbreaks of ILI in settings like long-term care homes, hospitals, and schools. We also have systems that detect whether people with severe pneumonias or other serious illnesses are being admitted to hospitals or to intensive care units—what we call SARI surveillance, for “severe acute respiratory illness.” We trace the patterns and monitor the cases in an ongoing, systematic way so that when something new and different shows up, we can detect it.
 
In Canada, with our universal health coverage, we’re also able to track important markers like physician visits for ILI. All these measures alert us to when the annual influenza season is starting and help us monitor its severity and geographic spread as it progresses through the winter. On a weekly basis, public health experts like me receive these data in the form of reports that compare what we’re seeing this week to averages from the last ten or more years. This helps us put the data in perspective and determine whether there’s something unusual that we need to investigate. We look at three basic characteristics—person, place, and time—to determine if there’s anything out of the ordinary. This means we assess whether there’s a cluster of people—for example, people of the same age or in the same city within a short period of time—who are affected, which could be a signal that we need to investigate. Many times, these investigations lead nowhere and the cluster is just chance, but sometimes those signals do lead to something more worrisome.
 
Seasonal influenza is one of the illnesses we track relentlessly. The measures we take to understand its spread through populations and across geographic regions, to prevent its transmission, and to investigate and control its outbreaks are also a yearly test of our ability to track the global spread of a new illness—in other words, to detect and respond to a pandemic. Our annual influenza immunization campaigns test our ability to vaccinate large numbers of people in all communities in a short period of time. They also help people understand the vaccine and the importance of infection prevention and control measures, from hand washing to mask wearing in hospitals and long-term care facilities to staying home when you’re sick. Many of the simple things we do to fight the flu every year work just as well to prevent transmission of all respiratory viruses to our families, friends, and communities.
 
In short, public health surveillance is much more than just counting illnesses. It is the systematic, ongoing collection of these data, followed by analysis to understand what story the data tells, and finally communication of that information to those who make decisions and take action. It is the system that underpins the work public health teams do every day in detecting threats to health in our communities and taking action to contain and prevent further illness.
 
And it’s not just influenza we track; many illnesses fall under our surveillance. By law, these “reportable communicable diseases,” or RCDs, must be reported to public health by the clinician or lab that has made the diagnosis. Most of these diseases belong to our long history of plagues and pestilences that have affected human populations for centuries: scourges like measles, polio, and tuberculosis, as well as the many illnesses we have immunization programs to prevent, including bacterial meningitis and hepatitis B. Some of these diseases are new—mosquito-borne illnesses like Zika and West Nile virus infection, and the devastating viral hemorrhagic fevers caused by Ebola virus. Some are transmitted through food and water, like salmonella and Cyclospora, or through sexual contact, like HIV or syphilis. In all, there are about sixty RCDs that are required by law to be reported to public health in provinces and territories in Canada. Very similar lists exist in countries across the globe. The monitoring of these key illnesses is a silent safety net spread out around the world so that if something alarming is happening, we can detect it, trace it, and take action against it.

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