Audio Production Basics with Logic Pro X

Audio Production Basics with Logic Pro X


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Learn the basics of recording, editing, and mixing using Logic Pro X, a favorite audio platform of musicians everywhere. Filled with tips and insights, Audio Production Basics with Logic Pro X will guide you every step of the way. With this book and the included media files, you’ll get practical, hands-on experience. We cover everything from setting up your computer to the fundamentals of audio production, including:
·Basic Digital Audio Workstation operations and audio hardware options
·Principles of sound production and microphone use
·Essential Logic concepts and operations
·MIDI fundamentals for playing and performing with virtual instruments
·Multi-track recording and signal processing techniques
·Mixing your project and using automation
·Outputting your final mixdown

Logic Pro X software is very powerful and easy to use once you know the basics. Take the first step now, with Audio Production Basics with Logic Pro X.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781538137239
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 04/30/2020
Pages: 304
Sales rank: 742,343
Product dimensions: 7.57(w) x 9.51(h) x 0.73(d)

About the Author

Ryan Rey is a composer, guitarist, educator, and San Francisco native. He teaches courses in Logic Pro X, music theory, piano, and sound for picture at Pyramind; studio recording and AV technology at Diablo Valley College; and a variety of subjects online through Pryamind's Mentorship Network. Rey is currently Director of the concert series Seventh Avenue Performances. He is also on the board of directors for Ninth Planet. Rey plays guitar and has composed for production music library CrimeSonics.

Harry Gold is a Bay Area-based blues and jazz guitarist, pianist, arranger, and singer. He is also an audio engineer and an Avid Certified Instructor for Pro Tools and Sibelius. Currently, Gold works as an Adjunct Professor at Academy of Art University, where he teaches classes in Logic, Pro Tools, Music Production, Score Preparation, Arranging and Composition. He also operates Fools Gold Studios in Berkeley, California.


Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction. Welcome to the World of Audio xv

Getting Started in Audio Production xv

Who Should Read This Book xv

About This Book xvi

Requirements and Prerequisites xvi

Media Files xvi

Course Organization and Sequence xvii

Conventions and Symbols Used in This Book xvii

Keyboard Shortcuts and Modifiers xvii

Icons xviii

Chapter 1 Computer Concepts 1

Selecting a Computer 3

Mac Versus Windows Considerations 3

The Importance of RAM 3

Processing Power 6

Storage Space 7

Storage Options 9

Onboard Sound Options (Audio in and Out) 10

Other Options to Consider 10

Working with Your Computer 12

File Management 12

Launching Applications 17

Saving Files 18

Working with an Application 19

Menus 20

Keyboard Shortcuts 22

Review/Discussion Questions 23

Exercise 1 Exploring Audio on the Computer 25

Chapter 2 Daw Concepts 31

Functions of a DAW 32

What Can a DAW Do? 32

Common DAWs 32

Plug-In Formats 38

What Is a Plug-In? 38

Common Plug-In Formats 39

Logic Pro X System 40

Logic Pro X Software Capabilities 40

Logic Pro X Software Options 41

Logic Pro X Hardware Options 41

Downloading and Installing Logic Pro X 41

System Requirements for Logic Pro X 42

Installation Steps 42

Launching Logic Pro X for the First Time 44

Downloadable Content 45

Important Preference Settings 45

Project Settings 47

Important Concepts in Logic Pro X 48

Project Files Versus Audio Files 48

Audio Versus MIDI 49

Review/Discussion Questions 50

Exercise 2 Setting Up a Multi-Track Project 51

Chapter 3 Audio Recording Concepts 57

The Basics of Audio 58

Frequency 58

Amplitude 59

Microphones 59

Traditional Microphones 59

Usb Microphones 60

Other Considerations 61

Basic Miking Techniques 62

Multi-Tracking and Signal Flow 64

What Is Multi-Track Recording? 65

Recording Signal Flow 66

Moving Audio from Analog to Digital 66

Analog Versus Digital Audio 66

The Analog-to-Digital Conversion Process 67

The Audio Interface 68

Audio Interface Considerations 68

Working Without an Audio Interface 70

Review/Discussion Questions 71

Exercise 3 Selecting Your Audio Production Gear 73

Chapter 4 MIDI Recording Concepts 77

A Brief History of MIDI 78

Digital Control 78

The Birth of MIDI 79

The MIDI Protocol 80

MIDI Notes 80

Program Changes 81

Controller Messages 82

MIDI Controllers 83

Tone-Generating Keyboards 83

Keyboard Controllers 85

Drumpad Controllers 86

Grid Controllers 86

Alternate Controllers 87

What to Look for in a MIDI Controller 87

Purchasing a Keyboard Controller 88

Setup and Signal Flow 89

Plug-and-Play Setup 89

MIDI Cables and Jacks 89

Using a MIDI Interface 90

Considerations for Using Multiple MIDI Devices 91

MIDI Versus Audio 91

What Is MIDI? 91

Monitoring with Onboard Sound Versus Virtual Instruments 92

Tracking with Virtual Instruments 93

Creating Tracks for Virtual Instruments 93

Summary 95

Review/Discussion Questions 96

Exercise 4 Selecting Your MIDI Production Gear 98

Chapter 5 Logic Pro Concepts, Part 1 101

Creating a Project 102

Selecting a Track Type 103

Enabling Advanced Tools 105

Main Window 105

The Control Bar 106

Tracks Area Menu Bar 114

Rulers 114

Mixer Display and Window 115

Working with Tracks 117

Adding Tracks 117

Mono Versus Stereo Tracks 118

External MIDI Versus Software Instrument Tracks 118

Regions Versus Files 119

Selecting Tools 119

Basic Navigation 121

Using the Transport Controls 121

Zooming and Scrolling in the Main Window 122

Controlling Playback Behavior 124

Monitoring Your Playhead Location 125

Selections 126

Selection Scenarios 128

Review/Discussion Questions 129

Exercise 5 Configuring And Working on a Project 131

Chapter 6 Logic Pro X Concepts, Part 2 137

Setting Up for Recording 138

Recording Audio 139

Making a Record Selection 139

Record Enabling Audio Tracks 140

Monitoring Record Enabled Audio Tracks 140

Initiating a Record Take 141

Stopping a Record Take 141

Recording Additional Takes 142

Recording MIDI 143

Monitoring a MIDI Controller 143

Record Enabling Software Instrument Tracks 144

Overlap Recording On Software Instrument Tracks 145

Importing Audio and MIDI 146

Supported Audio Files 146

Importing from the Desktop 146

Importing from Media Browser and All Files Browser 146

Using the Import Command 147

Using Apple Loops 148

Working in the Tracks Area 149

Snap to Grid 149

Setting the Snap Value 149

Working with Regions and Selections 151

Selecting a Tool for Editing 151

Basic Editing Techniques 152

Advanced Editing Techniques 154

Review/Discussion Questions 158

Exercise 6 Importing and Editing Regions 160

Chapter 7 Mixing Concepts 167

Basic Mixing 168

Setting Levels 168

Panning 172

Staying Organized 175

Processing Options and Techniques 176

Gain-Based Processing 176

Time-Based Processing and Effects 177

Insert Effects Versus Send Effects 177

Mixing in the Box 178

Advantages of In-the-Box Mixing 178

Getting the Most Out of an In-the-Box Mix 179

Review/Discussion Questions 180

Exercise 7 Creating a Basic Mix 182

Chapter 8 Signal Processing 189

Plug-In Basics 190

Inserting Plug-Ins on Tracks 190

Moving and Duplicating Plug-Ins 192

Displaying Plug-In Windows 192

Common Plug-In Controls 192

Adjusting Plug-In Parameters 195

Adjusting Plug-In Parameters with the Mouse 195

Adjusting Plug-In Parameters with the Computer Keyboard 196

EQ Processing 196

Types of EQ 196

Basic EQ Parameters 197

EQ Plug-Ins in Logic Pro X 198

Strategies for Using EQ 198

Dynamics Processing 199

Types of Dynamics Processors 200

Basic Dynamics Parameters 201

Dynamics Plug-Ins in Logic Pro X 202

Strategies for Using Compression 202

Strategies for Using a De-Esser 203

Reverb and Delay Effects 204

What Is Reverb? 204

Reverb in Logic Pro X 205

Applications for Reverb Processors 205

What Is Delay? 206

Delay in Logic Pro X 206

Applications for Delay Processors 207

Wet Versus Dry Signals 208

Using Time-Based Effects as Plug-in Inserts 208

Using Send-and-Return Configurations 209

Review/Discussion Questions 210

Exercise 8 Optimizing Tracks with Signai Processing 212

Chapter 9 Finishing a Project 219

Recalling a Saved Mix 220

Using Automation 220

Selecting an Automation Mode 221

Writing Real-Time Automation 223

Viewing Automation Curves 224

Editing Automation Points 225

Creating a Mixdown 228

Adding Processing on the Stereo Output 228

Considerations for Bouncing Audio 232

Creating a Bounce of an Audio Mix 232

Review/Discussion Questions 236

Exercise 9 Preparing the Final Mix 238

Chapter 10 Beyond the Basics 243

Flex Time and Pitch 244

Enabling Flex 244

Flex Time 245

Flex Pitch 249

MIDI Editing Techniques 251

Viewing MIDI Regions and Data 251

Editing MIDI Data 254

Working with Velocity 258

Software Instrument Region Inspector 259

Quantization in the Piano Roll Editor 260

Submixing with Track Stacks 261

Simplifying a Mix 261

Using Track Stacks to Submix 261

Creating Stems 263

Keyboard Shortcuts 264

Review/Discussion Questions 268

Exercise 10 Finalizing a Project 270

Index 277

About the Authors 285

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