Aoxomoxoa [Expanded]

Aoxomoxoa [Expanded]

by Grateful DeadGrateful Dead

CD(Anniversary Edition)

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The Grateful Dead's third studio effort was also the first that the band did without any Warner Bros. staff producers or engineers hampering their creative lifestyle and subsequent processes. As they had done with their previous release, Anthem of the Sun, the Dead were actively seeking new forays and pushing envelopes on several fronts simultaneously during Aoxomoxoa (1968) -- which was created under the working title of "Earthquake Country." This was no doubt bolstered by the serendipitous technological revolution which essentially allowed the Dead to re-record the entire contents when given free reign at the appropriately named Pacific High Recording facility. As fate would have it, they gained virtually unlimited access to the newly acquired Ampex MM-1000 -- the very first 16-track tape machines ever produced -- which was absolutely state of the art in late 1968. The band was also experiencing new directions artistically. This was primarily the net result of the budding relationship between primary (by default) melodic contributor Jerry Garcia (guitar/vocals) and Robert Hunter (lyrics), who began his nearly 30-year association with the Grateful Dead in earnest during these sessions. When the LP hit the racks in the early summer of 1969, Deadheads were greeted by some of the freshest and most innovative sounds to develop from the thriving Bay Area music scene. The disc includes seminal psychedelic rockers such as "St. Stephen," "China Cat Sunflower," and "Cosmic Charlie," as well as hints of the acoustic direction their music would take on the Baroque-influenced "Mountains of the Moon" and "Rosemary." The folky "Dupree's Diamond Blues" -- which itself was loosely based on the traditional "Betty & Dupree" -- would likewise foreshadow the sound of their next two studio long-players, Workingman's Dead (1969) and American Beauty (1970). The too-trippy-for-its-own-good "What's Become of the Baby" is buried beneath layers of over-indulgence. This is unfortunate, as Hunter's surreal lyrics and Garcia's understated vocals languish beneath the soupy sonics. In 1972, Aoxomoxoa was overhauled, and the original mix -- which includes several significant differences such as an a cappella vocal tag at the tail end of "Doin' That Rag" -- has yet to be reissued in any form. When the title was reworked for inclusion in the Golden Road (1965-1973) (2001) box set, three previously unreleased and incomplete studio instrumental jams -- respectively titled "Clementine Jam," "Nobody's Spoonful Jam," and "The Eleven Jam" -- as well as a live rendering of "Cosmic Charlie" from a January 1969 performance were added as "bonus material(s)."

Product Details

Release Date: 06/07/2019
Label: Grateful Dead / Wea
UPC: 0603497856121
catalogNumber: 573668
Rank: 24634

Album Credits

Performance Credits

Grateful Dead   Primary Artist
Mickey Hart   Percussion,Group Member
Jerry Garcia   Vocals,Group Member
Bob Weir   Vocals,Group Member
Tom Constanten   Keyboards,Group Member
Peter Grant   Musician
Bill Kreutzmann   Percussion,Group Member
Phil Lesh   Bass,Vocals,Group Member
Ron "Pigpen" McKernan   Group Member
David Nelson   Musician
Stanley Mouse   Musician
John "Marmaduke" Dawson   Musician
Ron McKernan   Group Member
Debbie Eisenberg   Musician

Technical Credits

Mickey Hart   Composer
Jerry Garcia   Composer
Grateful Dead   Arranger,Composer,Producer
Robert Hunter   Composer
Rev. Gary Davis   Composer
Dan Healy   Engineering Consultant
Bill Kreutzmann   Composer
Phil Lesh   Composer
Bob Matthews   Engineer
Ron "Pigpen" McKernan   Composer
Owsley Stanley   Engineering Consultant
Jamie Howarth   Corrections
Mark Pinkus   Executive Producer
Rick Griffin   Cover Illustration
Steve Vance   Art Direction
Betty Cantor   Engineer
Michael Wesley Johnson   Tape Research
Traditional   Composer
David Lemieux   Producer
Robert Petersen   Composer
Ron Wickersham   Engineering Consultant
Ron McKernan   Composer

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