Through metaphors and allusions to art, science, and religion, André Bazin's writings on the cinema explore a simple yet profound question: what is a human? For the famous French film critic, a human is simultaneously a rational animal and an irrational being. Bazin's idea of the cinema is a mind-machine where the ethical implications have priority over aesthetic issues. And in its ability to function as an art form for the masses, cinema is the only medium that can address an audience at the individual and community levels simultaneously-- the audience sees the same film, but each individual relates to the narrative in a different way. In principle, cinema can unsettle our routines in productive ways and expand our sense of belonging to a much larger picture. By arguing that this dissident Catholic's worldview is anti-anthropocentric, Angela Dalle Vacche concludes that André Bazin's idea of the cinema recapitulates the histories of biological evolution and modern technology inside our consciousness. Through the projection of recorded traces of the world onto a brain-like screen, the cinema can open viewers up to self-interrogation and empathy towards Otherness. Bazin was neither a spiritualist nor an animist or a pantheist, yet his film theory leads also to ideas of a more cosmological persuasion: through editing and camera movement, cinema explores our belonging to a vast universe that extends from the microbes of the microscope to the stars of the telescope. Such ideas of connectedness, coupled with Bazin's well-known emphasis of realism, form the foundation for his film theory's embrace of Italian neorealism. Choosing to avoid a quantitative naturalism based on accumulation of details, Bazin's theory instead promotes the kind of cinema that celebrates perceptual displacement, the objectification of human behavior, and one's own critical self-awareness.
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Sold by:||Barnes & Noble|
|File size:||3 MB|
About the Author
Angela Dalle Vacche is Professor of Cinema Studies at the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta. She has written extensively on the representation of history in film; on Italian women and early cinema; on intermediality and color. She is the author or editor of such works as Film, Art, New Media: Museum without Walls? (2012) and Diva: Defiance and Passion in Early Cinema (2008), and is currently developing a book on African cinema.
Table of ContentsPreface & Acknowledgements Introduction: The Soul of Cinema The Structure of the Book Conceptual Key Words Cinema's Special Eye Lady in the Lake Cinema as Mind-Machine Art A Christological Ontology Impure Cinema Pure Cinema The Postwar Art Documentary Painting as Object, Cinema as Event Frame and Screen The Objects of Still Life and the Camera Lens as Object From Painting to Biology Science Darwin and Bergson Evocative Affinities Bergson, Einstein, Heisenberg Geometry and the Snowflake Mathematics and the Policier Miraculous Mathematics Neorealism and Calculus.. Michael Faraday Religion Immanence and the Supernatural Catholics and Communists Taking Risks Looking at Oneself from the Outside Charlot and Cabiria Saint Sulpice and Max Ophuls Robert Delannoy's Religious Adaptations Bazin's Ontology, Bresson's Stylistics Epilogue: Wind and Dust Anti-Anthropocentric Anthropocosmomorphism The Wild Grass of Saintonge Bibliography: Primary and Secondary Sources Primary Sources: Articles by André Bazin, cited in each chapter Primary Sources: Compilations of essays by André Bazin Secondary Sources Index of Names and Films List of Illustrations