Aircraft Systems for Pilots

Aircraft Systems for Pilots

by Dale De Remer

NOOK Book4th Edition (eBook - 4th Edition)

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Overview

This book is a single source, concise presentation of what pilots should know about basic aircraft systems. The content reflects the author’s more than thirty-five years experience of flying and fourteen years of teaching Aircraft Systems to university students. Aircraft Systems for Pilots includes a brief study of the fundamentals of physical matter (from which airplanes are made) and mechanics (how airplane parts act and react). The author provides sufficient study of each type of system to allow the professional pilot to stay abreast of the critical learning which must occur as the pilot advances into management of more complex aircraft. Subject covered include physics, aircraft engine types and construction, reciprocating engine theory of operation, engine lubrication and cooling, propellers and governors, fuels and fuel systems, power management, supercharging and turbocharging, pressurization and high altitude operations, electrical principles, electrical components, aircraft electrical systems, hydraulic systems and landing gear, pneumatic and deicing systems, aircraft structures and flight controls, weight and balance, inspections, pilot maintenance, and aircraft instrument systems. Illustrated throughout, study questions conclude each chapter and includes index. In print for more than 30 years and continually updated through the years, this 4th Edition continues to serve as the comprehensive college textbook for pilots learning aircraft systems.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781619546288
Publisher: Aviation Supplies & Academics, Inc.
Publication date: 05/25/2018
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 450
Sales rank: 655,865
File size: 93 MB
Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

About the Author

Dale De Remer bio: Dale received his Bachelor of Science degree from California State Polytechnic University. While completing his Master of Science and Ph.D. at Utah State University, flying became a part of everyday life. He has owned and flown a myriad of different airplanes, seaplanes and helicopters and taken an active part in their maintenance. He served as corporate pilot, agricultural pilot and chief pilot for various companies while logging over 24,000 hours total time in general aviation aircraft of many kinds. Dale holds ATP, CFI-A, CFI-H, CFI-I and MEI licenses with single- and multi-engine land and sea, rotorcraft-helicopter and instrument ratings. For 17 years, Dale taught advanced wilderness seaplane pilot courses to pilots from many states and several foreign countries. He has more than 22 years experience teaching university level aviation courses and retired with the rank of professor emeritus of aviation from the University of North Dakota. During his 18 years of teaching aviation at UND he conducted advanced wilderness seaplane courses, flying into the Canadian arctic, Alaska and the jungles of Central America. He is recognized as a NAFI Master Flight Instructor. In 1998 he was inducted into the National Association of Flight Instructors Hall of Fame at Oshkosh. He retired from UND in 2000 but continues to write; he is the author of 8 books.

Table of Contents

Introduction vii

Acknowledgements viii

Chapter I Physics 1

General Characteristics of Matter

Matter

Systems of Measurement

Fluids

Machines

Work, Energy, and Power

Friction

Force and Motion of Bodies

Vibration

Resonance

Additional Reading

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter II Aircraft Engine Types & Construction 15

The Heat Engine

Comparison of Aircraft Powerplants

Types of Reciprocating Engines

Reciprocating Engine Design and Construction

Crankcases

Crankshafts

Connecting Rods

Pistons

Piston Rings

Cylinders

Cylinder Numbering

Firing Order

Valves

Valve-Operating Mechanism

Bearings, Propeller Reduction Gearing

Propeller Shafts

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter III Reciprocating Engine Theory of Operation 39

Reciprocating Gasoline Engine Operating Principles

Operating Cycles

Four-Stroke Cycle

Engine Power and Efficiency

Absolute and Gauge Pressure

Efficiencies

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter IV Engine Lubrication and Cooling 53

Principles of Engine Lubrication

Requirements & Characteristics of Reciprocating Engine Lubricants

Internal Lubrication of Reciprocating Engines

Reciprocating Engine Lubrication Systems

Lubrication System Operation Maintenance Practices

Engine Cooling Systems: Pilot Responsibility for Engine Temperature Control

Thermal Shock

Additional Reading

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter V Propellers and Governors 65

General

Propeller Principles

Propeller Operation

Types of Propellers

Constant-Speed Propellers

Governor Principles

Unfeathering

Propeller Synchronization

Propeller Ice Control Systems

Additional Reading

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter VI Fuels and Fuel Systems 85

Fuel: The Energy Source for the Combustion Process

Reciprocating Engine Fuels

Fuel Handling

Fuel Metering Systems

The Aircraft Float Carburetor

Carburetor Icing and Carburetor Heat Use

Pressure Carburetors

Fuel Injection Systems

Bendix Fuel Injection System

The Teledyne-Continental Fuel Injection System

Additional Reading

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter VII Power Management 119

RPM and MAP

Other Factors Affecting Power

Less MAP Required at Altitude

Engine Operation

"Propping" To Start an Engine

Stopping Procedure

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter VIII Supercharging & Turbocharging 127

Turbocharging

Turbocompound Systems for Reciprocating Engines

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter IX Pressurization and High Altitude Operations 137

Altitude Physiology

The Atmosphere

Respiration and Circulation

Respiration

Circulation

Hypoxia

Oxygen Equipment

Hyperventilation

Dysbarism

Trapped Gases - Cause, Effects, Prevention, and Treatment

Evolved Gases - Cause, Effects, Prevention, and Treatment

Scuba Diving and Flying

Cabin Pressurization and Decompression

Cabin Pressurization Systems

Additional Reading

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter X Electrical Principles 159

Electron Flow

Units of Electrical Measurement

Pressure

Metric Prefixes and Powers of Ten

Static Electricity

Electrostatic Fields

Distribution of Electrical Charges

Magnetism

Electromagnetics

Terms Relating to Magnetism and Electromagnetism

Sources of Electrical Energy

Electromagnetic Induction

Chemical

Thermal (Heat)

Pressure

Light

Ohm's Law

Mechanical Power in Electrical Circuits

Advantage of Alternating Current Over Direct Current

Alternating Current

Generating Alternating Current

Alternating Current Terms and Values

Additional Reading

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter XI Electrical Components 179

Batteries, Primary Cells

Secondary Cells

Battery Servicing

Generators

Control of Aircraft DC Generators

DC Alternators and their Control

Circuit Control Devices

Control Devices

Protective Devices

Resistors

Inductors

Energy Stored in Electrostatic Fields

Transformers

Types of Practical Inductors

Inverters

Diodes, Half-Wave Rectifier

Full-Wave Rectifier, Bridge-type Full-wave Rectifier

Full-wave Three-Phase Rectifier

Additional Reading

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter XII Aircraft Electrical Systems 209

Series and Parallel Circuits

Voltage and Current Measuring Instruments

The Aircraft Electrical System

Putting It All Together

Ammeters and Loadmeters in the Circuit

Electrical System Installation

Ignition Systems

Electrical Circuit of the Magneto

Special Forms of Magnetos

Aids to Starting

Ignition Lead

Spark Plugs

Additional Reading

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter XIII Hydraulic Systems and Landing Gear 235

History of Fluid Power Applications

Basic Laws of Fluid Power

Fluid Statics and Dynamics

Hydraulic Fluids

Hydraulic System Components

Evolution of the Aircraft Hydraulic System

The Power Pack

Aircraft Landing Gear

Nose Wheel Steering and Shimmy Dampers

Aircraft Brakes

Aircraft Wheels, Tires and Tubes

Additional Reading

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter XIV Pneumatic and Deicing Systems 287

Pneumatic Systems

Ice Control Systems

Rain Control Systems

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter XV Aircraft Structures and Flight Controls 303

Evolution Of Aircraft Structures

Stresses and Structure

Stresses

Materials for Aircraft Construction

Structures

Flight Controls

Auxiliary Lift Devices

Control Systems for Large Aircraft: Additional Reading

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter XVI Weight & Balance, Inspections and Pilot Maintenance 341

Weight and Balance

Adverse-Loaded Center of Gravity

Weight and Balance Changes After an Alteration

Aircraft Inspections

Pilot Accomplished Maintenance

Maintenance Forms and Records

Additional Reading

Study Questions and Problems

Chapter XVII Aircraft Instrument Systems 381

Introduction

Classification of Instruments

Pilot-Static Systems

New Types of Rate Gyros

The Magnetic Compass

EFIS and EICAS Systems

Additional Reading

Study Questions and Problems

Answers to Study Problems 429

Index 443

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