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National Academies Press


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Many different groups of people are subject to stereotypes. Positive stereotypes (e.g., "older and wiser") may provide a benefit to the relevant groups. However, negative stereotypes of aging and of disability continue to persist and, in some cases, remain socially acceptable. Research has shown that when exposed to negative images of aging, older persons demonstrate poor physical and cognitive performance and function, while those who are exposed to positive images of aging (or who have positive self-perceptions of aging) demonstrate better performance and function. Furthermore, an individual's expectations about and perceptions of aging can predict future health outcomes. To better understand how stereotypes affect older adults and individuals with disabilities, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, with support from AARP, convened a public workshop on October 10, 2017. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780309472296
Publisher: National Academies Press
Publication date: 07/06/2018
Pages: 102
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1

Opening Remarks 3

Organization of the Proceedings 4

2 Who Is Worthy Of Choice? 7

The Social Model of Disability 8

Learning to Not Look Away 8

What Makes a Wheelchair a Wheelchair? 10

Branding and Marketing 11

Engaging People with Disabilities in the Design Process 11

Closing Remarks 12

Discussion 13

3 Exploring The State Of The Knowledge On Stereotypes And Their Impact 17

Benefits and Determinants of Age Stereotypes 17

Disability Stereotypes and Biases 20

Ageism and the Workplace 24

Discussion 28

4 Disrupting Stereotypes In Practice 31

Breaking Prejudice Habits 31

Structural Stigma and Health 35

Disrupting Stereotypes and the Reframing Aging Project 41

Discussion 44

5 Disrupting Negative Stereotypes In The Media 47

Introductions 47

Moderated Discussion with Panel Speakers 49

Discussion 52

6 Disrupting Negative Stereotypes In Design 55

Introductions 55

Discussion 62

7 Closing Remarks 67

References 69


A Workshop Agenda 73

B Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers and Moderators 77

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