Academic Rebels in Chile: The Role of Philosophy in Higher Education and Politics

Academic Rebels in Chile: The Role of Philosophy in Higher Education and Politics

by Ivan Jaksic

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Overview

Many philosophers have been appointed to top-level political positions during Chile’s modern history. What makes Chilean philosophers unique in the context of Latin America and beyond, is that they have developed a sophisticated rationale for both their participation and withdrawal from politics. All along, philosophers have grappled with fundamental problems such as the role of religion and politics in society. They have also played a fundamental role in defining the nature and aims of higher education. The philosophers’ production constitutes a substantial, albeit largely unknown, portion of the intellectual history of Chile and Latin America.

This book describes in detail the evolution of philosophical work in Chile, and pays close attention to the relationship between philosophical activity and contemporary social and political events. Various Chilean philosophical sources are discussed for the first time in the literature on Chilean ideas. The work of such intellectuals as Andres Bello, Valentin Letelier, Enrique Molina, Jorge Millas, Juan Rivano, Juan de Dios Vial Larrain, and many others is examined in relation to the principal political and educational issues of their time. The book also develops a distinction between the two main currents of Chilean philosophy, namely, a “professionalist” current that seeks the independence of the field from social and political involvements, and a “critical” current that seeks to relate philosophical activity to national realities.

Iván Jaksicå is Program Coordinator and Graduate Advisor at the Center for Latin American Studies at the University of California at Berkeley.


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781438407753
Publisher: State University of New York Press
Publication date: 07/03/1989
Series: SUNY series in Latin American and Iberian Thought and Culture
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 259
File size: 1 MB

About the Author

Iván Jaksicå is Program Coordinator and Graduate Advisor at the Center for Latin American Studies at the University of California at Berkeley.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations
Preface
Introduction

I. Philosophy, the Secularization of Thought, and Higher Education: 1810-1865

Philosophical Studies in Chile after Independence
Philosophy and the University of Chile
hile's Engagé Philosophers


II. The Era of Positivism: 1870-1920

The Introduction of Positivism in Chile
Valetin Letelíer's Positivism and Germanic Influences
The Impact of Positivism on Philosophical Studies


III. The Founders of Chilean Philosophy, 1920-1950

The Defense of Spirituality
The Spirit and Politics
The Impact on Philosophical Studies


IV. The Institutionalization and Critique of Philosophical Professionalism, 1950-1968

The Sociedad Chilena de Filosofía
The Reaction against Academic Philosophy
Logic and Criticism
Juan Rivano and Dialectical Criticism


V. Philosophy and the Movement for University Reform, 1960-1973

The Philosophical Response
Professionalists and the University
The Process of University Reform
Philosophy during the Unidad Popular Administration


VI. Chilean Philosophy Under Military Rule

Chilean Philosophy after 1973
The Official Philosophers
The Professionalist Philosophers
The Critical Philosophers

Conclusion

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